ROR gamma t and Th17 Cells: New Highly-specific Antibody Will Find What You Have Been Missing

Thursday, July 20, 2017 - 11:22
Antibody Development

Antibody validation and specificity are not new headlines in the research community. Recent comparisons of R&D Systems® Human/Mouse ROR gamma t Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody (Clone # 1181A) to other ROR gamma t clones, demonstrate its superior performance. The data shown below suggest that a popular clone from another supplier is giving false negatives in mouse Th17-differentiated splenocytes and has markedly lower staining of ROR gamma t in human Th17 cells. R&D Systems strives to produce the highest quality antibodies through our recombinant monoclonal antibody generation or by only selecting the highest performing clones from our hybridoma-generated panels.

ROR gamma t is a commonly used marker in flow cytometry panels identifying Th17 cells. Naïve CD4+ T cells can differentiate into one of several T helper cell lineages depending on cytokines in the environment. In the presence of TGF beta and IL-6, CD4+ T cells can differentiate to Th17 cells, which are required for immune responses to certain extracellular bacteria and fungi. Th17 cells secrete cytokines IL-17A, IL-17F, and IL-22, all of which are driven by the master transcriptional regulator ROR gamma t. In addition to Th17 cells, ROR gamma t is expressed by various other lymphoid cell types, such as CD4+CD8+ thymocytes and CD8+ Th17 cells. Poor detection of ROR gamma t can hamper evaluation of cell populations that are secreting key Th17 cytokines.

The research and development team at R&D Systems compared the performance of Human/Mouse ROR gamma t Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody (Clone # 1181A) versus an alternative supplier’s ROR gamma t clone. Expression was analyzed in resting and Th17-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as well as in resting and Th17-stimulated mouse splenocytes. The data shown below demonstrates a population of ROR gamma t+/CD4+ cell detected with clone # 1181A (plot B, both sample types) that is weakly detected or not detected by an alternative clone from a different antibody supplier (plot D, both sample types).

ROR gamma t staining in mouse Th17 cells

R&D Systems Catalog # IC9125G
R&D Systems Catalog # IC9125G
Alternative Clone from Competitor
Alternative Clone from Competitor
 

Detection of ROR gamma t/RORC2/NR1F3 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes either (A and C) unstimulated or (B and D) stimulated to induce Th17 cells were stained with Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse ROR gamma t/RORC2/NR1F3 Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (A and B, R&D Systems®; Catalog # IC9125G) or C and D) Anti-Human/Mouse ROR gamma t (alternative clone from a different antibody supplier), and Rat Anti-Mouse CD4 APC conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (R&D Systems®; Catalog # FAB554A). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed and permeabilized with FlowX FoxP3/Transcription Factor Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Kit (R&D Systems®; Catalog # FC012).

ROR gamma t staining in human Th17 cells

R&D Systems Catalog # IC9125G
R&D Systems Catalog # IC9125G
Alternative Clone from Competitor
Alternative Clone from Competitor
 

Detection of ROR gamma t/RORC2/NR1F3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human PBMCs either (A and C) unstimulated or (B and D) stimulated to induce Th17 cells were stained with Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse ROR gamma t/RORC2/NR1F3 Alexa Fluor® 488 conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (A and B, R&D Systems®; Catalog # IC9125G) or C and D) Anti-Human/Mouse ROR gamma t (alternative clone from a different antibody supplier), and Mouse Anti-Human CD4 APC conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (R&D Systems®; Catalog # FAB3791A). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed and permeabilized with FlowX FoxP3/Transcription Factor Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Kit (R&D Systems®; Catalog # FC012).

Get more information on other Th17 cell markers

View details of our CellXVivo Th17 Differentiation Kits

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