(+)-Bicuculline

  ( 83 citations )    
Product Datasheet
Catalog Number:0130
Chemical Name:[R-(R*,S*)]-6-(5,6,7,8-Tetrahydro-6-methyl-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolin-5-yl)furo[3,4-e]-1,3-benzodioxol-8(6H)-one
Product Details
Citations (83)
Supplemental Products
Reviews
Biological Activity
Classical GABAA antagonist.

Methoiodide Salt, Methobromide Salt and Methochloride Salt also available.

Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
    367.36
  • Formula:
    C20H17NO6
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 100 mM in DMSO
  • Purity:
    >99
  • Storage:
    Store at +4°C
  • CAS No:
    485-49-4
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Additional Information
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Citations:

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for (+)-Bicuculline include:

83 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. δ-subunit containing GABAA receptors modulate respiratory networks.
    Authors: Montandon
    Sci Rep  2017;7(1):18105
  2. Glycinergic dysfunction in a subpopulation of dorsal horn interneurons in a rat model of neuropathic pain
    Authors: Imlach Et al.
    Scientific Reports  2016;6:37104
  3. Ring finger protein 10 is a novel synaptonuclear messenger encoding activation of NMDA receptors in hippocampus.
    Authors: Dinamarca Et al.
    Elife  2016;5
  4. γ-Aminobutyric Acid Type A (GABAA) Receptor Subunits Play a Direct Structural Role in Synaptic Contact Formation via Their N-terminal Extracellular Domains.
    Authors: Brown Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2016;291:13926
  5. Phosphorylation state-dependent modulation of spinal glycine receptors alleviates inflammatory pain.
    Authors: Acuña Et al.
    J Clin Invest  2016;126:2547
  6. Tissue plasminogen activator inhibits NMDA-receptor-mediated increases in calcium levels in cultured hippocampal neurons.
    Authors: Robinson Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2015;9:404
  7. Glycine and GABAA receptors mediate tonic and phasic inhibitory processes that contribute to prepulse inhibition in the goldfish startle network.
    Authors: Curtin and Preuss
    Front Neural Circuits  2015;9:12
  8. Functional changes in glutamate transporters and astrocyte biophysical properties in a rodent model of focal cortical dysplasia.
    Authors: Campbell Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2015;8:425
  9. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors mediate activity-dependent down-regulation of potassium channel genes during the expression of homeostatic intrinsic plasticity.
    Authors: Lee Et al.
    Mol Brain  2015;8:4
  10. LRP8-Reelin-Regulated Neuronal Enhancer Signature Underlying Learning and Memory Formation.
    Authors: Telese Et al.
    Neuron  2015;86:696
  11. Co-release of glutamate and GABA from single vesicles in GABAergic neurons exogenously expressing VGLUT3.
    Authors: Zimmermann Et al.
    Front Synaptic Neurosci  2015;7:16
  12. Brain ischemia downregulates the neuroprotective GDNF-Ret signaling by a calpain-dependent mechanism in cultured hippocampal neurons.
    Authors: Curcio Et al.
    Cell Death Dis  2015;6:e1645
  13. Wnt signalling tunes neurotransmitter release by directly targeting Synaptotagmin-1.
    Authors: Ciani Et al.
    Nat Commun  2015;6:8302
  14. Subventricular zone neural progenitors reverse TNF-α effects in cortical neurons.
    Authors: Morini Et al.
    Stem Cell Res Ther  2015;6:166
  15. Synaptic structure and function are altered by the neddylation inhibitor MLN4924.
    Authors: Scudder and Patrick
    Mol Cell Neurosci  2015;65:52
  16. Acid-sensing ion channel 1a drives AMPA receptor plasticity following ischaemia and acidosis in hippocampal CA1 neurons.
    Authors: Quintana Et al.
    J Physiol  2015;593:4373
  17. Forebrain deletion of the dystonia protein torsinA causes dystonic-like movements and loss of striatal cholinergic neurons.
    Authors: Pappas Et al.
    Elife  2015;4:e08352
  18. α6-Containing GABAA Receptors Are the Principal Mediators of Inhibitory Synapse Strengthening by Insulin in Cerebellar Granule Cells.
    Authors: Accardi Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:9676
  19. Disruption of Fgf13 causes synaptic excitatory-inhibitory imbalance and genetic epilepsy and febrile seizures plus.
    Authors: Puranam Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:8866
  20. Developmental changes in synaptic distribution in arcuate nucleus neurons.
    Authors: Baquero Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:8558
  21. Life extension factor klotho prevents mortality and enhances cognition in hAPP transgenic mice.
    Authors: Dubal Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:2358
  22. Role of parafacial nuclei in control of breathing in adult rats.
    Authors: Huckstepp Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:1052
  23. The reinforcing effects of ethanol within the nucleus accumbens shell involve activation of local GABA and serotonin receptors.
    Authors: Ding Et al.
    J Psychopharmacol  2015;29:725
  24. Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor enhances synaptic neurotransmission and plasticity in mouse prefrontal cortex.
    Authors: Wu Et al.
    J Biomed Sci  2015;22:94
  25. Functional α7 nicotinic receptors are expressed on immature granule cells of the postnatal dentate gyrus.
    Authors: John Et al.
    Brain Res  2015;1601:15
  26. The effect of BLA GABA(A) receptors in anxiolytic-like effect and aversive memory deficit induced by ACPA.
    Authors: Kangarlu-Haghighi Et al.
    EXCLI J  2015;14:613
  27. MARK/Par1 Kinase Is Activated Downstream of NMDA Receptors through a PKA-Dependent Mechanism.
    Authors: Bernard and Zhang
    PLoS One  2015;10:e0124816
  28. Daily isoflurane exposure increases barbiturate insensitivity in medullary respiratory and cortical neurons via expression of η-subunit containing GABA ARs.
    Authors: Hengen Et al.
    PLoS One  2015;10:e0119351
  29. Activation of mGluR2/3 underlies the effects of N-acetylcystein on amygdala-associated autism-like phenotypes in a valproate-induced rat model of autism.
    Authors: Chen Et al.
    Front Behav Neurosci  2014;8:219
  30. Loss of mTOR repressors Tsc1 or Pten has divergent effects on excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in single hippocampal neuron cultures.
    Authors: Weston Et al.
    Front Mol Neurosci  2014;7:1
  31. Imaging intraorganellar Ca2+ at subcellular resolution using CEPIA.
    Authors: Suzuki Et al.
    Nat Commun  2014;5:4153
  32. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species regulate the strength of inhibitory GABA-mediated synaptic transmission.
    Authors: Accardi Et al.
    Nat Commun  2014;5:3168
  33. Long-term depression-inducing stimuli promote cleavage of the synaptic adhesion molecule NGL-3 through NMDA receptors, matrix metalloproteinases and presenilin/γ-secretase.
    Authors: Lee Et al.
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci  2014;369:20130158
  34. Phosphorylation of synapsin I by cyclin-dependent kinase-5 sets the ratio between the resting and recycling pools of synaptic vesicles at hippocampal synapses.
    Authors: Verstegen Et al.
    J Neurosci  2014;34:7266
  35. Mutations that disrupt Ca2+-binding activity endow Doc2β with novel functional properties during synaptic transmission.
    Authors: Gaffaney Et al.
    Mol Biol Cell  2014;25:481
  36. CaMKII phosphorylation of neuroligin-1 regulates excitatory synapses.
    Authors: Bemben Et al.
    Nat Neurosci  2014;17:56
  37. Distinct temporal expression of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors on cerebellar granule cells in mice.
    Authors: Oostland Et al.
    Cerebellum  2014;13:491
  38. GPR35 activation reduces Ca2+ transients and contributes to the kynurenic acid-dependent reduction of synaptic activity at CA3-CA1 synapses.
    Authors: Berlinguer-Palmini Et al.
    PLoS One  2013;8:e82180
  39. Synapsin II desynchronizes neurotransmitter release at inhibitory synapses by interacting with presynaptic calcium channels.
    Authors: Medrihan Et al.
    Nat Commun  2013;4:1512
  40. Disrupted Cl(-) homeostasis contributes to reductions in the inhibitory efficacy of diazepam during hyperexcited states.
    Authors: Deeb Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci  2013;38:2453
  41. The Munc13 proteins differentially regulate readily releasable pool dynamics and calcium-dependent recovery at a central synapse.
    Authors: Chen Et al.
    J Neurosci  2013;33:8336
  42. Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation controls cell surface expression of γ-aminobutyric acid, type B receptors.
    Authors: Zemoura Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2013;288:34897
  43. Activity-regulated somatostatin expression reduces dendritic spine density and lowers excitatory synaptic transmission via postsynaptic somatostatin receptor 4.
    Authors: Hou and Yu
    J Biol Chem  2013;288:2501
  44. Long-term potentiation of excitatory synaptic strength in spinothalamic tract neurons of the rat spinal cord.
    Authors: Hur and Park
    Korean J Physiol Pharmacol  2013;17:553
  45. Arc in the nucleus regulates PML-dependent GluA1 transcription and homeostatic plasticity.
    Authors: Korb Et al.
    Nat Neurosci  2013;16:874
  46. Plasticity-related gene 3 promotes neurite shaft protrusion.
    Authors: Velmans Et al.
    BMC Neurosci  2013;14:36
  47. Synaptic and extrasynaptic transmission of kidney-related neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla.
    Authors: Gao and Derbenev
    J Neurophysiol  2013;110:2637
  48. Opposing roles of synaptic and extrasynaptic NMDA receptor signaling in cocultured striatal and cortical neurons.
    Authors: Kaufman Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:3992
  49. Raf kinase inhibitory protein is required for cerebellar long-term synaptic depression by mediating PKC-dependent MAPK activation.
    Authors: Yamamoto Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:14254
  50. Multiple roles for mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in both glutamatergic and GABAergic synaptic transmission.
    Authors: Weston Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:11441
  51. Essential role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the regulation of serotonin transmission in the basolateral amygdala.
    Authors: Daftary Et al.
    Neuroscience  2012;224:125
  52. Increased bursting glutamatergic neurotransmission in an auditory forebrain area of the zebra finch (Taenopygia guttata) induced by auditory stimulation.
    Authors: Dagostin Et al.
    J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Phys  2012;198:705
  53. Uncoupling the roles of synaptotagmin I during endo- and exocytosis of synaptic vesicles.
    Authors: Yao Et al.
    Nat Neurosci  2012;15:243
  54. Basolateral amygdala inactivation impairs learning-induced long-term potentiation in the cerebellar cortex.
    Authors: Zhu Et al.
    PLoS One  2011;6:e16673
  55. Sleep-deprivation regulates α-2 adrenergic responses of rat hypocretin/orexin neurons.
    Authors: Uschakov Et al.
    PLoS One  2011;6:e16672
  56. Potentiating action of propofol at GABAA receptors of retinal bipolar cells.
    Authors: Yue Et al.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci  2011;52:2497
  57. Positive feedback regulation between γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor signaling and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release in developing neurons.
    Authors: Porcher Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2011;286:21667
  58. Rapid brain-derived neurotrophic factor-dependent sequestration of amygdala and hippocampal GABA(A) receptors via different tyrosine receptor kinase B-mediated phosphorylation pathways.
    Authors: Mou Et al.
    Neuroscience  2011;176:72
  59. Peripheral calcium-permeable AMPA receptors regulate chronic inflammatory pain in mice.
    Authors: Gangadharan Et al.
    J Clin Invest  2011;121:1608
  60. SV2 mediates entry of tetanus neurotoxin into central neurons.
    Authors: Yeh Et al.
    PLoS Pathog  2010;6:e1001207
  61. Melatonin potentiates glycine currents through a PLC/PKC signalling pathway in rat retinal ganglion cells.
    Authors: Zhao Et al.
    J Physiol  2010;588:2605
  62. Selected SALM (synaptic adhesion-like molecule) family proteins regulate synapse formation.
    Authors: Mah Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:5559
  63. Estradiol acutely potentiates hippocampal excitatory synaptic transmission through a presynaptic mechanism.
    Authors: Smejkalova and Woolley
    J Neurosci  2010;30:16137
  64. Cannabinoids excite circadian clock neurons.
    Authors: Acuna-Goycolea Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:10061
  65. Reduction in synaptic GABA release contributes to target-selective elevation of PVN neuronal activity in rats with myocardial infarction.
    Authors: Han Et al.
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol  2010;299:R129
  66. Imaging activity-dependent regulation of neurexin-neuroligin interactions using trans-synaptic enzymatic biotinylation.
    Authors: Thyagarajan and Ting
    Cell  2010;143:456
  67. Characterization of engineered channelrhodopsin variants with improved properties and kinetics.
    Authors: Lin Et al.
    Biophys J  2009;96:1803
  68. Synaptotagmin has an essential function in synaptic vesicle positioning for synchronous release in addition to its role as a calcium sensor.
    Authors: Young and Neher
    Neuron  2009;63:482
  69. Novel repression of Kcc2 transcription by REST-RE-1 controls developmental switch in neuronal chloride.
    Authors: Yeo Et al.
    J Neurosci  2009;29:14652
  70. Postsynaptic glutamate receptor δ family contributes to presynaptic terminal differentiation and establishment of synaptic transmission.
    Authors: Kuroyanagi Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2009;106:4912
  71. Histone H2AX-dependent GABA(A) receptor regulation of stem cell proliferation.
    Authors: Andäng Et al.
    Nature  2008;451:460
  72. Glutamatergic transmission is sustained at a later period of development of medial nucleus of the trapezoid body-lateral superior olive synapses in circling mice.
    Authors: Hong Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:13003
  73. Specific targeting of pro-death NMDA receptor signals with differing reliance on the NR2B PDZ ligand.
    Authors: Soriano Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:10696
  74. Plasticity of intrinsic excitability during long-term depression is mediated through mGluR-dependent changes in I(h) in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons.
    Authors: Brager and Johnston
    J Neurosci  2007;27:13926
  75. Regulated expression of HCN channels and cAMP levels shape the properties of the h current in developing rat hippocampus.
    Authors: Surges Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci  2006;24:94
  76. A nitric oxide signaling pathway controls CREB-mediated gene expression in neurons.
    Authors: Riccio Et al.
    Mol Cell  2006;21:283
  77. Glutamatergic regulation of the p70S6 kinase in primary mouse neurons.
    Authors: Lenz and Avruch
    J Biol Chem  2005;280:38121
  78. Distinct γ2 subunit domains mediate clustering and synaptic function of postsynaptic GABAA receptors and gephyrin.
    Authors: Alldred Et al.
    J Neurosci  2005;25:594
  79. Propofol suppresses synaptic responsiveness of somatosensory relay neurons to excitatory input by potentiating GABA(A) receptor chloride channels.
    Authors: Ying and Goldstein
    Mol Pain  2005;1:2
  80. Endocannabinoids regulate interneuron migration and morphogenesis by transactivating the TrkB receptor.
    Authors: Berghuis Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2005;102:19115
  81. Astrocyte glutamate transporters regulate metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated excitation of hippocampal interneurons.
    Authors: Huang Et al.
    J Neurosci  2004;24:4551
  82. D-cycloserine facilitates synaptic plasticity but impairs glutamatergic neurotransmission in rat hippocampal slices.
    Authors: Rouaud and Billard
    Br J Pharmacol  2003;140:1051
  83. Dynamic actin filaments are required for stable long-term potentiation (LTP) in area CA1 of the hippocampus.
    Authors: Krucker Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2000;97:6856
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