Human FGFR2 alpha Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # P21802.1
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: FGFR2 alpha
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) belongs to a family of type I transmembrane tyrosine kinases which mediate the biological functions of FGFs that are involved in a multitude of physiological and pathological cellular processes (1). The FGFR family is comprised of 4 structurally conserved members (FGFR1-4) all possessing an extracellular domain (ECD) with three immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domains, an acid-box region containing a run of acidic residues between the IgI and IgII domains, a transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic split tyrosine-kinase domain (1, 2). The ECD of mature, full-length FGFR2 shares 95% amino acid sequence identity with mouse FGFR2. Alternative splicing generates multiple forms of FGFR1-3, each with unique signaling characteristics (1-3). For FGFR2, alternative splicing of the ECD, specifically the IgIII domain, results in IIIb, or IIIc isoforms (4). The FGFR splice variants also exhibit distinct and varying binding affinities for different FGF ligands (2, 4). Specifically, FGFR2A (IIIc) binds most FGF ligands but not the FGF10 subfamily, while FGFR2A (IIIc) binds only members of the FGF10 subfamily (5). FGFRs mediate the FGF signaling cascade which regulate developmental processes including cellular proliferation, differentiation, and migration, morphogenesis, and patterning (6). FGFRs transduce the signals through three dominant pathways including RAS/MAPK, PI3k/AKT, and PLC gamma (7). While FGFR2 is widely expressed in many adult human tissues, isoform expression is tissue specific, with IIIb predominantly expressed in epithelial cells, while IIIc is expressed in mesenchymal cells (5). FGFR2 signaling is critical for embryonic development, tissue repair, and regulation of osteoblast function and bone growth (8). Mutations in FGFR2 or misregulation of FGFR2 mediated signaling is found in multiple skeletal dysplasias, with FGFR2A (IIIc) specifically upregulated in several cancers including prostate, breast and pancreatic and is proposed as a novel therapeutic target for colorectal carcinomas (6, 9).
- Ornitz, D.M. and Itoh, N. (2015) Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 4:215.
- Zhang, X. et al. (2006) J Biol Chem. 281:15694.
- Ferguson, H.R. et al. (2021) Signaling. Cells 10:1201.
- Holzmann, K. et al. (2012) J Nucleic Acids. 2012:950508.
- Wagner, E.J. et al. (2003) RNA 9:1552.
- Xie, Y. et al. (2020) Sig Transduct Target Ther 5:181.
- Mossahebi-Mohammadi, M. et al. (2020) Front Cell Dev Biol. 18:79.
- Teven, C.M. et al. (2014) Genes Dis. 1:199.
- Matsuda, Y. et al. (2012) Mol Cancer Ther. 11:2010.
Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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