< 0.5% cross-reactivity observed with available related molecules.< 50% cross-species reactivity observed with species tested.
Interference observed with 1 or more available related molecules.
QC31 , Quantikine Immunoassay Control Set 766 for Human IL-34 -
The Quantikine Human IL-34 Immunoassay is a 4.5 hour solid phase ELISA
designed to measure IL-34 in cell culture supernates, cell lysates,
serum, and plasma. It contains NS0-expressed recombinant
human IL-34 and antibodies raised against the recombinant factor. This
immunoassay has been shown to accurately quantitate recombinant human
IL-34. Results obtained using natural human IL-34 showed linear curves
that were parallel to the standard curves obtained using the Quantikine
kit standards. These results indicate that this kit can be used to
determine relative mass values for natural human IL-34.
Intra-Assay Precision (Precision within an assay) Three samples of a known concentration were tested on one plate to assess intra-assay precision
Inter-Assay Precision (Precision between assays) Three samples of a known concentration
were tested in separate assays to determine inter-assay precision.
Assays were performed by at least three technicians using two lots of
The recovery of human IL-34 spiked to levels throughout the range
of the assay in various matrices was evaluated.
Average % Recovery
Cell Culture Supernates (n=4)
EDTA Plasma (n=4)
Heparin Plasma (n=4)
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples containing and/or spiked
with high concentrations of human IL-34 were serially diluted with the
appropriate Calibrator Diluent to produce samples with values within the
dynamic range of the assay.
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.
Interleukin 34 (IL-34; also known as uncharacterized protein C16orf77) is secreted as a homodimer consisting of 39 kDa monomers. It belongs to no known cytokine family. Human IL-34 is synthesized as a 242 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal sequence and a 222 aa mature chain. The mature chain contains one potential site of N-linked glycosylation. Human IL-34 is 71% identical to mouse IL-34 on the amino acid level.
IL-34 is expressed in various tissues, including the heart, brain, liver, kidney, spleen, thymus, testes, ovary, small intestine, prostate, and colon, and is most abundant in the spleen. The receptor for IL-34 is colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R). IL-34 stimulates monocyte proliferation. In functional studies, IL-34, like CSF-1, the other ligand for CSF-1R, stimulated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 (ERK1/2) in human monocytes. In addition, IL-34 promoted the formation of the colony-forming unit-macrophage (CFU-M), a macrophage progenitor, in human bone marrow cultures.
Refer to the product for complete assay procedure.
Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature before use. It is recommended that all samples, standards, and controls be assayed in duplicate.
Prepare all reagents, standard dilutions, and samples as directed in the product insert.
Remove excess microplate strips from the plate frame, return them to the foil pouch containing the desiccant pack, and reseal.
100 µL Assay Diluent
Add 100 µL of Assay Diluent to each well.
50 µL Standard, Control, or Sample
Add 50 µL of Standard, control, or sample to each well. Cover with a plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 2 hours on a horizontal orbital microplate shaker.
Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process 3 times for a total of 4 washes.
200 µL Conjugate
Add 200 µL of Conjugate to each well. Cover with a new plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 2 hours on the shaker.
Aspirate and wash 4 times.
200 µL Substrate Solution
Add 200 µL Substrate Solution to each well. Incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes on the benchtop. PROTECT FROM LIGHT.
50 µL Stop Solution
Add 50 µL of Stop Solution to each well. Read at 450 nm within 30 minutes. Set wavelength correction to 540 nm or 570 nm.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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