Human/Mouse B7-H4 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody
Human/Mouse B7-H4 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q7TSP5
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
B7-H4, also known as B7x and B7S1, is a 50‑80 kDa glycosylated member of the B7 family of immune co‑stimulatory proteins (1, 2). Mature mouse B7-H4 consists of a 230 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with one Ig-like V-set domain and one Ig‑like C2‑set domain which is followed by a hydrophobic C‑terminal region (3‑5). Within the ECD, mouse B7‑H4 shares 90% and 99% aa sequence identity with human and rat B7‑H4, respectively. It shares 21%‑29% aa sequence identity with mouse B7‑1, B7‑2, B7‑H1, B7‑H2, B7‑H3, and PD‑L2. B7‑H4 is expressed on the surface of activated lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (4‑8). Its binding to activated T cells dampens T cell responses and induces cell cycle arrest in the T cell (3‑5). Reverse signaling can induce either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in the B7‑H4 expressing cell (9, 10). B7‑H4 is up‑regulated in several carcinomas in correlation with tumor progression and metastasis (2, 7, 11, 12). A soluble form of B7‑H4 is elevated in the serum of ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, also in correlation with advanced disease status (13‑15). Soluble B7‑H4 functions as a decoy molecule that blocks the inhibitory influence of B7‑H4 on immune activation (15). Despite evidence for the involvement of B7‑H4 in immune regulation, mice deficient in its expression do not show significant immune deficiencies, suggesting compensation by other molecules in vivo (16).
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Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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