Human/Mouse/Rat Thioredoxin Reductase 1/TRXR1 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q16881
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Thioredoxin Reductase 1/TRXR1 in HeLa Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Thioredoxin Reductase 1/TRXR1 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC7428G, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002G, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: Thioredoxin Reductase 1/TRXR1
Thioredoxin reductase 1 (TRXR1) is an approximately 70 kDa member of the class-I pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family. Human TRXR1 is 649 amino acids (aa) in length. Residues 151-152 constitute a propeptide that is deleted from the mature protein. Splicing variants produce five additional isoforms for human TRXR1. Isoform 2 has a 32 aa substitution for aa 107-138 and a deletion of aa 1-106. Isoform 3 has a deletion of aa 1-51 and a 49 aa substitution for aa 52-100. Isoform 4 is missing aa 1-98 and has a 3 aa substitution for aa 99-101. Isoform 5 has a deletion of aa 1-150. Residues 56-156 make up a glutaredoxin domain, and residues 520-632 constitute a pyridine nucleotide-disulphide oxidoreductase dimerization domain. In addition, there are three phosphotyrosines at positions 161, 163, and 281, and a selenocysteine at position 648. Human TRXR1 shares 74% and 70% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat TRXR1, respectively. Isoform 1 is involved in glutaredoxin activity as well as thioredoxin reductase activity, and it induces actin and tubulin polymerization, which leads to formation of cell membrane protrusions. Isoform 4 has been shown to enhance the transcriptional activity of the beta receptor only. Finally, isoform 5 mediates cell death induced by a combination of interferon-beta and retinoic acid. Isoform 1 is expressed mostly in the Leydig cells, but also in the ovary, spleen, heart, liver, kidney, and pancreas and in a number of cancer cell lines. Isoform 4 is widely expressed with highest levels in the kidney, uterus, testis, ovary, prostate, placenta, and fetal liver.
Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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