Human Nectin-1 Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q15223
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
Nectin-1 (designated CD111), also called PRR-1 (poliovirus receptor-related protein 1) or HVEC (herpesvirus entry mediator C), is a widely expressed 110 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein important in formation of adherens junctions and synapses. It is a member of the nectin family within the Ig superfamily (1, 2). The Latin word necto means “to connect”, indicating the role of nectins in Ca2+-independent cell-cell adhesion (2). Nectin-1 forms homodimers in cis, followed by interactions in trans with Nectin-1, -3 or -4 (2). The 517 amino acid (aa) human Nectin-1 isoform 1 contains a 30 aa signal sequence, a 325 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment (TM), and a 141 aa cytoplasmic region. Nectin ECDs contain three Ig-like domains: an N-terminal V-type that mediates ligand binding and two C2-type (3). Nectin-1, like other nectins, has a splice form (isoform 2 or HigR, 458 aa) with alternate TM and cytoplasmic sequences. Another, isoform 3, is a 352 aa secreted protein (4). The common region of mature human Nectin-1 (aa 31-334) shares 93%, 94%, 96% and 96% aa identity with mouse, rat, bovine and porcine Nectin-1, respectively. Nectin-1 binds viral glycoprotein D to mediate herpesvirus (but not poxvirus) entry into vaginal mucosa, sensory neurons and fibroblasts (4 - 7). In forming adherens junctions and synapses, nectins 1 and 3 initiate cell-cell interactions, recruiting alpha v beta 3 integrin extracellularly and cadherins intracellularly through afadin and other junctional proteins (2, 8 - 11). These interactions organize the cytoskeleton, strengthen attachment to basement membrane and promote further cell-cell connections. Nectin-1 also recognizes CD96 on NK cells (12). Deficiency of Nectin-1 can result in cleft lip/palate ectodermal dysplasia (13). Nectin-1 downregulation in epithelial cancers, mediated in part by ectodomain shedding, may contribute to invasiveness (14).
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Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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