Human TROP-2 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody

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FAB650U-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human TROP-2 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TROP-2 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) VCAM‑1 or rhICAM‑1 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2a Clone # 77220
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TROP-2
His27-Thr274
Accession # P09758
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 350 (Excitation= 346 nm, Emission= 442 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
PC‑3 human prostate cancer cell line

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: TROP-2

Human TROP-2, also called tumor associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TACSTD2), GA733-1, gp50 and T16, is a type I cell surface glycoprotein that is highly expressed on human carcinomas. It was originally identified as an antigen present on human gastrointestinal tumors and is the second of two members of this family. The other family member is GA733-2, also called EpCAM, TROP-1, 17-1A, gp40 and KSA. The TROP-2 gene is unique in that it contains no introns. A study of these two genes suggested that TROP-2 was the result of a retroposition of the EpCAM gene. TROP-2 and EpCAM share approximately 49% amino acid identity and approximately 67% similarity. Human and mouse TROP-2 share 87% similarity. The human TROP-2 protein consists of a putative 26 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, a 248 aa extracellular domain, a 23 aa transmembrane region and a 26 aa cytoplasmic domain. TROP-2 is capable of transducing an intracellular calcium signal and may play a role in tumor growth. It also has adhesive functions.

References
  1. Linnenbach, A.J. et al. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86:27.
  2. Linnenbach, A.J. et al. (1993) Mol. Cell. Biol. 13:1507.
  3. Fornaro, M. et al. (1995) Int. J. Cancer 62:610.
  4. Ripani, E. et al. (1998) Int. J. Cancer 76:671.
  5. El Sewedy, T. et al. (1998) Int. J. Cancer 75:324.
Long Name
Tumor-associated Calcium Signal Transducer 2
Entrez Gene IDs
4070 (Human); 56753 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-2; EGP1; EGP-1; epithelial glycoprotein-1; GA733-1; GA733-1GP50; gastrointestinal tumor-associated antigen GA7331; gp50; M1S1cell surface glycoprotein TROP2; Membrane component chromosome 1 surface marker 1; membrane component, chromosome 1, surface marker 1; Pancreatic carcinoma marker protein GA733-1; pancreatic carcinoma marker protein GA7331,40kD glycoprotein, identified by monoclonal GA733; T16; TACSTD2; TROP2; TROP-2; TROP2GA7331; tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2

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