Human Twist-1 Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

  • Species Reactivity
  • Specificity
    Detects human Twist-1 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, less than 16% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Twist-2 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Twist-1
    Accession # Q15672
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    10 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
Detection of Twist‑1 in HeLa Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry.

HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Sheep Anti-Human Twist‑1 Fluorescein‑conjugated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC6230F, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC016F, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.

Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: Twist-1

Twist-1 (Twist-related protein 1; also known as H-Twist and bHLHa38) is a 25‑27 kDa class B member of the bHLH transcription factor family of proteins. It is widely expressed in embryo, and select adult cells such as white adipocytes. In fat, Twist-1 induces fatty acid oxidation via PGC-1 alpha and CPT-1, and promotes MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion by adipocytes. In epithelium, Twist-1 dysregulation represses E-Cadherin and induces N-Cadherin expression, resulting in an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that can lead to cancer. Human Twist-1 is 202 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a bHLH domain (aa 109-164) with an embedded DNA-binding motif. Twist-1 forms homodimers, and heterodimerizes with TCF3, HAND 1 and HAND 2. Two distinct mutations exist that may impact its dimerization pattern. There is one seven aa insertion after Ile135, and a second seven aa insertion after Pro139. A third unrelated variant shows a four Gly insert after Gly92. Full-length human Twist-1 shares 98% aa identity with mouse Twist-1.

  • Long Name:
    Twist Related Protein 1 [Drosophila]
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7291 (Human); 22160 (Mouse); 85489 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    acrocephalosyndactyly 3; ACS3; B-HLH DNA binding protein; BHLHA38; bHLHa38BPES3; BPES3; Class A basic helix-loop-helix protein 38; CRS1; H-twist; H-twistblepharophimosis, epicanthus inversus and ptosis 3; SCSBPES2; twist homolog 1 (Drosophila); TWIST homolog of drosophila; TWIST; Twist1; twist-related protein 1
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Sheep IgG Fluorescein Control

Ctrl IC016F  
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Staining Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC005 4
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Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (1X)

Flow FC004 3
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Flow Cytometry Fixation & Permeabilization Buffer Kit I

Flow FC009
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Flow Cytometry Fixation/Permeabilization Buffer I (1X)

Flow FC007
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