Human Twist-1 Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Twist-1 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, less than 16% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Twist-2 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Twist-1
    Met1-His202
    Accession # Q15672
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
Twist‑1 in A549 Human Cell Line. Twist‑1 was detected in immersion fixed A549 human lung carcinoma cell line treated with 10ng/mL of Recombinant Human TGF beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B) for 48 hours using Sheep Anti-Human Twist‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6230) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow, upper panel; Catalog # NL010) and counterstained with DAPI (blue, lower panel). Specific staining was localized to nuclei. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
Detection of Twist‑1 in HeLa Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Sheep Anti-Human Twist‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6230, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # 5‑001‑A, open histogram), followed by NorthernLights™ 493-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # NL012). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Twist-1

Twist-1 (Twist-related protein 1; also H-Twist and bHLHa38) is a 25‑27 kDa class B member of the bHLH transcription factor family of proteins. It is widely expressed in embryo, and select adult cells such as white adipocytes. In fat, Twist-1 induces fatty acid oxidation via PGC-1 alpha and CPT-1, and promotes MCP-1 and TNF-alpha secretion by adipocytes. In epithelium, Twist-1 dysregulation represses E-Cadherin and induces N-Cadherin expression, resulting in an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition that can lead to cancer. Human Twist-1 is 202 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains a bHLH domain (aa 109-164) with an embedded DNA-binding motif. Twist-1 forms homodimers, and heterodimerizes with TCF3, HAND 1 and HAND 2. Two distinct mutations exist that may impact its dimerization pattern. There is one seven aa insertion after Ile135, and a second seven aa insertion after Pro139. A third unrelated variant shows a four Gly insert after Gly92. Full-length human Twist-1 shares 98% aa identity with mouse Twist-1.

  • Long Name:
    Twist Related Protein 1 [Drosophila]
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7291 (Human); 22160 (Mouse); 85489 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    acrocephalosyndactyly 3; ACS3; B-HLH DNA binding protein; BHLHA38; bHLHa38BPES3; BPES3; Class A basic helix-loop-helix protein 38; CRS1; H-twist; H-twistblepharophimosis, epicanthus inversus and ptosis 3; SCSBPES2; twist homolog 1 (Drosophila); TWIST homolog of drosophila; TWIST; Twist1; Twist-1; twist-related protein 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Epithelial-mesenchymal transitioned circulating tumor cells capture for detecting tumor progression.
    Authors: Satelli A, Mitra A, Brownlee Z, Xia X, Bellister S, Overman M, Kopetz S, Ellis L, Meng Q, Li S
    Clin Cancer Res, 2015;21(4):899-906.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS019 1
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Isotype Controls
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Normal Sheep IgG Control

Ctrl 5-001-A 9
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF016 14  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL010 3
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL011 5
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL012 2
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF016 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0126  
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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0127  
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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC006  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0125 1
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0128
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