Mouse CD74 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody
Mouse CD74 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # P04441
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
CD74, also known as Invariant chain (Ii) and p33, is a type 2 transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an important role in adaptive immunity, inflammation, and cancer (1). Mature mouse CD74 consists of a 29 amino acid (aa) cytoplasmic domain, a 29 aa transmembrane segment, and a 224 aa extracellular domain (ECD) that contains one thyroglobulin type 1 domain (2). Alternative splicing generates a short isoform that lacks the thyroglobulin domain (2). Within the ECD, mouse CD74 shares 75% and 88% aa sequence identity with human and rat CD74, respectively. CD74 functions as a chaperone for MHC class II molecules on antigen presenting cells and undergoes progressive proteolysis during class II trafficking and antigenic peptide loading (3). Full length CD74 assembles into trimers which then associate with class II molecules in nonameric complexes on the cell surface (4, 5). CD74 also associates with CD44 and binds with high affinity to the cytokine MIF, leading to inflammatory leukocyte responses, protection from tissue fibrosis, B cell proliferative and survival signaling, and the up‑regulation of angiogenic factors in endometrial stromal cells (6‑11). MIF binding notably induces the proteolytic cleavage of the CD74 intracellular domain which then promotes B cell differentiation (10). CD74 is upregulated on non‑immune cells at sites of inflammation including amyloid beta plaques and atherosclerotic plaques (12, 13). It is also upregulated in a variety of cancers and enhances tumorigenicity, tumor angiogenesis, and metastasis (1, 14).
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Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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