ProDots Recombinant Human M-CSF Protein

Supplied as ready-to-use 5 ug protein balls

Pre-aliquoted, lyophilized protein dots for use in cell culture medium

  • Rolls out of bottle for easy cell culture medium preparation
  • Eliminates time spent aliquoting
  • One protein dot can be used to make 500 mL of 10 ng/mL cell culture medium

Why use ProDots™ Proteins Instead of Standard Lyophilized Protein?

ProDots® proteins are designed to reduce cell culture media preparation time while ensuring optimal protein recovery and bioactivity. Unlike standard lyophilized protein, which is shipped as a diffuse residue within a vial, ProDots® proteins are neatly bundled into the shape of a ball. In this form ProDots® proteins can be rolled directly into cell culture media. ProDots® proteins rehydrate instantly in media to maximize the recovery of purchased protein and to reliably reconstitute it at a desired concentration for use in cell culture media. ProDots® proteins can be conveniently stored at room temperature where they will remain stable for 6 months or at 4 ºC where they will remain stable for 12 months. The accessible storage and high stability of ProDots® proteins makes them ideal for quick and easy preparation of cell culture media.

What are ProDots® Proteins?

ProDots® proteins are R&D Systems industry-leading quality, highly bioactive proteins packaged into easy-to-use lyophilized “dots”. Designed to be stable at 4 ºC and to dissolve instantly, ProDots® proteins can be rolled into cell culture media to quickly produce media with a desired working protein concentration.

  • Purity
    >97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured in a cell proliferation assay using M‑NFS‑60 mouse myelogenous leukemia lymphoblast cells. Nakoinz, I. et al. (1990) J. Immunol. 145:860. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.5-1.5 ng/mL.
  • Source
    E. coli-derived Glu33 - Ser190, with an N-terminal Met
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    18.5 (monomer) kDa
Reconstitution For a stock solution, reconstitute at 50-500 μg/mL in sterile PBS, or simply roll ProDot® directly into cell culture medium.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. 
 • 6 months from date of receipt at room temperature. 
 • 12 months from date of receipt at 2-8 °C as supplied. 
 • 1 month at 2-8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution. 
 • 3 months at -20 to -80 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images

1 μg/lane of ProDots® Recombinant Human M-CSF was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized with silver staining, showing bands at 19 kDa and
35 kDa, respectively.

ProDots® Recombinant Human M-CSF stimulates cell proliferation of the M-NFS-60 mouse myelogenous luekemia lymphoblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner. The ED50 for this effect is typically 
0.5-1.5 ng/mL.
Background: M-CSF
M-CSF, also known as CSF-1, is a four-alpha-helical-bundle cytokine that is the primary regulator of macrophage survival, proliferation and differentiation. M-CSF is also essential for the survival and proliferation of osteoclast progenitors. M-CSF also primes and enhances macrophage killing of tumor cells and microorganisms, regulates the release of cytokines and other inflammatory modulators from macrophages, and stimulates pinocytosis. M-CSF increases during pregnancy to support implantation and growth of the decidua and placenta. Sources of M-CSF include fibroblasts, activated macrophages, endometrial secretory epithelium, bone marrow stromal cells and activated endothelial cells. The M-CSF receptor (c-fms) transduces its pleotropic effects and mediates its endocytosis. M-CSF mRNAs of various sizes occur. Full length human M-CSF transcripts encode a 522 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane (TM) protein with a 464 aa extracellular region, a 21 aa TM domain, and a 37 aa cytoplasmic tail that forms a 140 kDa covalent dimer. Differential processing produces two proteolytically cleaved, secreted dimers. One is an N- and O- glycosylated 86 kDa dimer, while the other is modified by both glycosylation and chondroitin-sulfate proteoglycan (PG) to generate a 200 kDa subunit. Although PG-modified M-CSF can circulate, it may be immobilized by attachment to type V collagen. Shorter transcripts encode M-CSF that lack cleavage and PG sites and produce an N-glycosylated 68 kDa TM dimer and a slowly produced 44 kDa secreted dimer. Although forms may vary in activity and half-life, all contain the N-terminal 150 aa portion that is necessary and sufficient for interaction with the M-CSF receptor. The first 223 aa of mature human M-CSF shares 88%, 86%, 81% and 74% aa identity with corresponding regions of dog, cow, mouse and rat M-CSF, respectively. Human M-CSF is active in the mouse, but mouse M-CSF is reported to be species-specific.
  • Long Name:
    Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1435 (Human); 12977 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    colony stimulating factor 1 (macrophage); CSF1; CSF-1; Lanimostim; macrophage colony stimulating factor; macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1; MCSF; M-CSF; MCSFlanimostim; MGC31930
Related Research Areas

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