Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey DPPIV/CD26 Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
9637-SE-020
Product Details
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Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey DPPIV/CD26 Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to cleave the fluorogenic peptide substrate, Gly-Pro-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin (GP-AMC). The specific activity is >3,000 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.
Source
Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived cynomolgus monkey DPPIV/CD26 protein
Asn29-Pro766 with a C-terminal 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Asn29
Predicted Molecular Mass
86 kDa
SDS-PAGE
100-116 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

9637-SE

Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris and NaCl.
Shipping The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Assay Procedure

Materials
  •  Assay Buffer: 25 mM Tris, pH 8.0
  • Recombinant Cynomolgus Monkey DPPIV/CD26 (rcynoDPPIV) (Catalog # 9637-SE)
  • Substrate: H-Gly-Pro-AMC (Bachem, Catalog # I-1225), 10 mM stock in DMSO
  • F16 Black Maxisorp Plate (Nunc, Catalog # 475515)
  • Fluorescent Plate Reader (Model: SpectraMax Gemini EM by Molecular Devices) or equivalent
  1. Dilute rcynoDPPIV to 0.2 ng/µL in Assay Buffer.
  2. Dilute Substrate to 20 µM in Assay Buffer.
  3. Load 50 μL of 0.2 ng/µL rcynoDPPIV into a plate, and start the reaction by adding 50 μL of 20 µM Substrate. For Substrate Blank, load 50 μL of Assay Buffer and 50 μL of Substrate.
  4. Read at excitation and emission wavelengths of 380 nm and 460 nm (top read), respectively, in kinetic mode for 5 minutes.
  5. Calculate specific activity:

     Specific Activity (pmol/min/µg) =

Adjusted Vmax* (RFU/min) x Conversion Factor** (pmol/RFU)
amount of enzyme (µg)

     *Adjusted for Substrate Blank.

     **Derived using calibration standard 7-amino, 4-Methyl Coumarin (Sigma, Catalog # A9891).

Per Well:
  • rcynoDPPIV: 0.010 μg
  • Substrate: 10 µM
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: DPPIV/CD26

DPPIV/CD26 is an approximately 110 kDa serine exopeptidase that releases Xaa-Pro or Xaa-Ala dipeptides from the N-terminus of oligo- and polypeptides. It regulates immune and endocrine function through the cleavage of multiple chemokines, growth factors, and peptide hormones (1, 2). Mature DPPIV consists of a cytoplasmic tail, a transmembrane segment, and an extracellular domain (ECD) that contains the catalytic active site (Ser, Asp, and His charge relay system) (3). Within the ECD, cynoDPPIV/CD26 shares 96% amino acid sequence identity with human DPPIV. DPPIV is expressed as a nocovalent homodimer on the surface of epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and activated lymphocytes, and it can be released by MMP mediated shedding (4). It cleaves a range of peptide hormones including Glucagon, Glucagon-like Peptides 1 and 2, GIP, GHRH, Procalcitonin, Neuropeptide Y, and Substance P (5). It is released from adipocytes and induces insulin resistance in adipocytes and skeletal muscle (6). DPPIV also cleaves many chemokines, resulting in reduced chemotactic activity of CXCL6, 9, 10, 11, 12, and CCL5 (7-10) but unchanged angiostatic activity of CXCL9 and CXCL10 (8). Cleavage can increase (CCL5), decrease (CXCL12), or have no effect (CCL4) on chemokine blockade of HIV-1 cellular infectivity (7, 9, 11). In addition, DPPIV cleavage of CCL4 broadens chemokine receptor usage to also include CCR2b (11). DPPIV serves as a cell entry coreceptor for HIV and coronavirus (12, 13). It cleaves human GM-CSF and IL-3 and reduces their ability to promote myeloid cell development (14). It also interferes with CXCL12 induced hematopoietic cell migration, homing, and engraftment (15). DPPIV interacts in cis with Adenosine Deaminase on T cells and in trans with Caveolin-1 on antigen presenting cells (16, 17). It provides costimulatory proliferation and activation signals to both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (17, 18).

References
  1. Klemann, C. et al. (2016) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 185:1.
  2. Metzemaekers, M. et al. (2016) Front Immunol. 7:483.
  3. Tanaka, T. et al. (1992) J. Immunol. 149:481.
  4. Rohrborn, D. et al. (2014) FEBS Lett. 588:3870.
  5. Waumans, Y. et al. (2015) Front. Immunol. 6:387.
  6. Lamers, D. et al. (2011) Diabetes 60:1917.
  7. Proost, P. et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273:7222.
  8. Proost, P. et al. (2001) Blood 98:3554.
  9. Ohtsuki, T. et al. (1998) FEBS Lett. 431:236.
  10. Barreira da Silva, R. et al. (2015) Nat. Immunol. 16:850.
  11. Guan, E. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:32348.
  12. Callebaut, C. et al. (1993) Science 262:2045.
  13. Raj, V.S. et al. (2013) Nature 495:251.
  14. Broxmeyer, H.E. et al. (2012) Nat. Med. 18:1786.
  15. Christopherson II, K.W. et al. (2004) Science 305:1000.
  16. Kameoka, J. et al. (1993) Science 261:466.
  17. Ohnuma, K. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:10117.
  18. Hatano, R. et al. (2013) Immunology 138:165.
Long Name
Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV
Entrez Gene IDs
1803 (Human); 13482 (Mouse); 102133935 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
ADABP; ADCP-2; ADCP2DPP IV; Adenosine deaminase complexing protein 2TP103; CD26 antigen; CD26; CD26T-cell activation antigen CD26; dipeptidyl peptidase 4; Dipeptidyl peptidase IV; dipeptidylpeptidase 4; dipeptidyl-peptidase 4; dipeptidylpeptidase IV (CD26, adenosine deaminase complexing protein 2); DPP4; DPPIV; EC 3.4.14.5

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