Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (minus C-Terminus) Protein, CF
Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (minus C-Terminus) Protein, CF Summary
Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
Ser2-Arg212, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in HEPES and KCl.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
- Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (Catalog # 894-BX)
- Recombinant Human BID Caspase-8-cleaved (Catalog # 882-B8)
- Crude or enriched mouse liver mitochondria (http://www.rndsystems.com/literature_cytochrome_c_release_assays_bcl-2.aspx)
- Dilution Buffer: 25 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 0.1 M KCl, 10% Glycerol, 1 mg/mL fatty acid free BSA* (Sigma, Cat. # A6003)
- Mitochondria Buffer: 125 mM KCl, 0.5 mM MgCl2, 3.0 mM Succinic acid, 3.0 mM Glutamic acid, 10 mM HEPES-KOH (pH 7.4), 1 mg/mL BSA*, containing 25 μg/mL Leupeptin, 25 μg/mL Pepstatin, 3 μg/mL Aprotinin, 100 μM PMSF, and 10 μM Boc-Asp-FMK caspase inhibitor *Note: Protease inhibitors and BSA should be added to the buffer immediately prior to use. BSA solution should be prepared at 100 mg/mL.
- Prepare a stock solution of Recombinant Human BID Caspase-8-cleaved (Catalog # 882-B8) (MW: 22 kDa) in Dilution Buffer at 9.0 μg/mL. The final concentration will be 54 nM.
- Prepare dilutions of Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (MW: 24.6 kDa) in Dilution Buffer at concentrations of 9000, 3000, 900, 300, 90, 30, 9 and 3 nM. The final concentration range will be 3,000 to 1 nM in a total reaction volume of 75 μL.
- Aliquot 25 μL of each of the Bcl-xL dilutions to a series of tubes. Add 10 μL of the Recombinant Human BID Caspase-8-cleaved to each tube and gently mix. Incubate for 60 min. at room temperature. Include one sample without Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (cleaved BID control).
- Add 12 μL of mitochondria (approximately 25-30 μg) and 28 μL of Mitochondria Buffer containing protease inhibitors and BSA to each tube.
- Two control samples must be run for each assay to determine the total amount of Cytochrome c that can be released from the mitochondria and the amount of spontaneously released Cytochrome c. Set up two samples containing only mitochondria and the appropriate buffers that have not been treated with any test proteins.
- Cap the tubes and gently mix the contents for 5-10 seconds. Incubate in a 30 °C water bath for 30 min.
- Total Cytochrome c in the assay should be determined by freezing the entire 75 μL rxn mix immediately after incubation at 30 °C.
- Centrifuge the remaining samples at 16,000 x g for 5 min. at 2-8 °C. Remove and transfer a 50 μL aliquot of the supernatant to a new chilled tube. Samples may be analyzed immediately or stored at -20 °C in a manual defrost freezer.
- Measure the levels of Cytochrome c in these samples using the Rat/Mouse Cytochrome c Quantikine® ELISA Kit (Catalog # MCTC0). See the Preparation of Samples for the Cytochrome c ELISA at http://www.rndsystems.com/literature_cytochrome_c_release_assays_bcl-2.aspx and additional instructions in the Rat/Mouse Cytochrome c Quantikine ELISA Kit product insert (Catalog # MCTC0).
Bcl-xL is a member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins that regulates outer mitochondrial membrane permeability (1, 2). Bcl-xL is an anti-apoptotic member that prevents release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria intermembrane space into the cytosol. Bcl-xL is present on the outer mitochondrial membrane and is also found on other membranes in some cell types. Natural Bcl-xL contains a carboxyl-terminal mitochondria targeting sequence. Recombinant Bcl-xL missing the mitochondrial targeting sequence maintains its ability to neutralize pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members. Neutralization by Bcl-xL appears to be mediated through binding the BH3 region of pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members. This activity does not require the mitochondrial targeting sequence.
- Gross, A. et al. (1999) Genes and Develop. 13:1899.
- Kroemer, G. (1997) Nature Med. 3:614.
Citations for Recombinant Human Bcl-xL (minus C-Terminus) Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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A Novel MCL-1 Inhibitor Combined with Venetoclax Rescues Venetoclax Resistant Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Authors: HE Ramsey, MA Fischer, T Lee, AE Gorska, MP Arrate, L Fuller, KL Boyd, SA Strickland, J Sensintaff, LJ Hogdal, GD Ayers, ET Olejniczak, SW Fesik, MR Savona
Cancer Discov, 2018;0(0):.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Restoring diabetes-induced autophagic flux arrest in ischemic/reperfused heart by ADIPOR (adiponectin receptor) activation involves both AMPK-dependent and AMPK-independent signaling
Authors: Y Wang, B Liang, WB Lau, Y Du, R Guo, Z Yan, L Gan, W Yan, J Zhao, E Gao, W Koch, XL Ma
Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
Interactions between important regulatory proteins and human alphaB crystallin.
Authors: Ghosh JG, Shenoy AK, Clark JI
Sample Types: Peptide
Applications: ELISA-Based Protein Pin Array
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Quantikine Colorimetric Sandwich ELISAs
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