Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
7386-MT-010
Product Details
Citations (1)
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews

Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>90%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to methylate catechol to O-methyl-catechol. The specific activity is >95 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.
Source
E. coli-derived human COMT protein
Gly52-Pro271, with an N-terminal Met and a C-terminal 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Gly52
Predicted Molecular Mass
25 kDa
SDS-PAGE
24-26 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

7386-MT

Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, Glycerol and TCEP.
Shipping The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Assay Procedure

Materials
  • Assay Buffer: 20 mM Tris, 2 mM MgCl2, pH 8.0
  • Recombinant Human COMT (rhCOMT) (Catalog # 7386-MT)
  • Glutathione, reduced (Amresco, Catalog # 399), 250 mM stock in deionized water
  • Recombinant Human Adenosylhomocysteinase/AHCY (rhAHCY) (Catalog # 6466-AH)
  • Recombinant Human Adenosine Deaminase/ADA (rhADA) (Catalog # 7048-AD)
  • S-adenosylmethionine (Sigma, Catalog # A7007), 10 mM stock in 50% DMSO in deionized water
  • Catechol (Sigma, Catalog # C9510), 0.2M stock in deionized water
  • ThioGlo® 3 Fluorescent Thiol Reagent (Covalent Associates Inc., Catalog # T-003), 10 mM stock in DMSO
  • DMSO (Sigma, Catalog # 154938)
  • F16 Black Maxisorp Plate (Nunc, Catalog # 475515)
  • Fluorescent Plate Reader (Model: SpectraMax Gemini EM by Molecular Devices) or equivalent
  1. Dilute the stock of reduced glutathione to 40 µM (40 pmol/µL) in Assay Buffer. This is the first point of the standard curve.
  2. Continue standard curve by performing six ½ serial dilutions of the 40 µM glutathione in Assay Buffer. The standard curve has a range of 31.25 to 2000 pmol per well.
  3. Dilute rhCOMT to 12 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  4. Dilute rhAHCY to 240 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  5. Dilute rhADA to 200 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  6. Prepare Enzyme Mixture by combining equal volumes of diluted rhCOMT, rhAHCY and rhADA. For a Control, use Assay Buffer in place of rhCOMT.
  7. Dilute S-adenosylmethionine to 800 µM in Assay Buffer.
  8. Dilute catechol to 4 mM in Assay Buffer.
  9. Prepare Substrate Mixture by combining equal volumes of diluted S-adenosylmethionine and catechol.
  10. Load into plate 50 µL of each dilution of the standard curve.  Include a curve blank containing 50 µL of Assay Buffer.
  11. Load into plate 25 µL of the Control and Enzyme Mixture (step 6).
  12. Start the reaction by adding 25 µL of Substrate Mixture (step 9) to the wells, excluding standard curve and curve blank.
  13. Cover microplate and incubate at 37 °C for 30 minutes.
  14. Dilute ThioGlo® to 100 µM in DMSO.
  15. After incubation, add 50 µL of 100 µM ThioGlo® to each well.
  16. Incubate at room temperature for 5 minutes in the dark.
  17. Read the plate in endpoint mode at excitation and emission wavelengths of 380 nm and 445 nm, respectively.
  18. Calculate specific activity:

     Specific Activity (pmol/min/µg) =

Adjusted Thiol produced* (pmol)
Incubation time (min) x amount of enzyme (µg)

     *Derived from the reduced glutathione standard curve using linear fitting and adjusted for Substrate Blank.

Per Well:
  • rhCOMT: 0.100 µg
  • rhAHCY: 2 µg
  • rhADA: 1.667 µg
  • S-adenosylmethionine: 100 µM
  • Catechol: 0.5 mM
  • ThioGlo®: 50 µM
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷

Background: COMT

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyzes the transfer of the methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to either the meta- or the para-hydroxyl group of the catechol ring from a variety of endogenous and exogenous catechol substrates including the neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine (1). Thus, it plays important roles in one of the major degradative pathways of the catecholamine transmitters, and in the metabolism of catechol drugs used in the treatment of hypertension, asthma, and Parkinson’s disease. In tissues, COMT is produced as two distinct forms, a soluble protein (residues 52-271) and a membrane-bound protein that possesses the N-terminal transmembrane domain (2). A common single-nucleotide polymorphism results in substitution of methionine for valine at position 158 of membrane-bound COMT and position 108 at soluble COMT (3). This amino acid change results in a more unstable and three- to four-fold less active 108/158Met form (4). Since COMT activity is the major regulator of dopamine function in the prefrontal brain region, the Val108/158Met variation is considered to be associated with increased risk of a wide spectrum of mental disorders (5).

References
  1. Zhu, B. T. (2002) Curr. Drug Metab. 3:321.
  2. Lotta, T. et al. (1995) Biochemistry 34:4202.
  3. Lachman. H. M. et al. (1996) Pharmacogenetics 6:243.
  4. Rutherford, K. et al. (2008) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1784:1098.
  5. Dickinson, D. and Elvevag, B. (2009) Neuroscience 164:72.
Long Name
Catechol O-Methyltransferase
Entrez Gene IDs
1312 (Human)
Alternate Names
catechol O-methyltransferase; catechol-O-methyltransferase; COMT; EC 2.1.1.6

Citation for Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. N-methylation of BI 187004 by thiol S-methyltransferase
    Authors: HH Maw, X Zeng, S Campbell, ME Taub, AM Teitelbaum
    Drug Metab. Dispos., 2018;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Bioassay

FAQs

No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you may

View all Proteins and Enzyme FAQs

Reviews for Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF and earn rewards!

Have you used Recombinant Human COMT Protein, CF?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review