Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera Protein His-tag, CF

New rhCTLA-4 Available! Increased activity; Enhanced purity; Lower endotoxin spec; CHO expressed!
New Product 7268-CT.
(7 citations)   
  • Purity
    >90%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to inhibit IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cells. Linsley, P.S. et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 174:561. The ED50 for this effect is 0.1-0.4 µg/mL when stimulated with 1 µg/mL Recombinant Human B7‑1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog #
    140-B1) in the presence of PHA.
  • Source
    Spodoptera frugiperda, Sf 21 (baculovirus)-derived
    Human CTLA-4 (Ala37-Phe162)
    Accession # Q6GR94
    IEGRMD Human IgG1
    (Pro100-Lys330)
    6-His tag
    N-terminus C-terminus
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Ala37
  • Structure / Form
    Disulfide-linked homodimer
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    40 kDa (monomer)
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
325-CT/CF
 
325-CT
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 325-CT/CF) inhibits IL-2 secretion by stimulated Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cells. The ED50 for this effect is 0.1-0.4 μg/mL when stimulated with 1 μg/mL Recombinant Human B7-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 140-B1) in the presence of PHA.
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing single bands at 51 kDa and 94 kDa, respectively.
Background: CTLA-4

CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-4, designated CD152), is a type I transmembrane T cell inhibitory molecule that is a member of the Ig superfamily (1, 2). Human or mouse CTLA-4 cDNA encodes 223 amino acids (aa) including a 35 aa signal sequence, a 126 aa extracellular domain (ECD) with one Ig-like V-type domain, a 21 aa transmembrane (TM) sequence, and a 41 aa cytoplasmic sequence. It is found as a covalent homodimer of 41‑43 kDa (2). Within the ECD, human CTLA-4 shares 68%, 71% and 83‑86% aa sequence identity with mouse, rat and porcine/bovine/rabbit/feline/canine CTLA-4, respectively. A 174 aa form that lacks TM and cytoplasmic sequences (sCTLA-4) is possibly secreted (3‑5). Isoforms of 56‑79 aa that mainly contain parts of the cytoplasmic domain are reported. In mouse, an isoform lacking the Ig-like domain has ligand-independent inhibitory activity and is termed liCTLA-4 (6). CD28, which is structurally related to CTLA-4, is constitutively expressed on naïve T cells and promotes T cell activation when engaged by B7-2 on antigen-presenting cells (APC) within the immunological synapse (IS) (1, 7, 8). In contrast, CTLA-4 is recruited from intracellular vesicles to the IS beginning 1, 2 days after T cell activation (2, 7, 8). It forms a linear lattice with B7‑1 on APC, inducing negative regulatory signals and ending T cell activation (9). Abatacept, a therapeutic human CTLA-4-Ig fusion protein (trade name Orencia), competes with CD28 for B7-1 and B7-2 binding and has been used to antagonize T cell activation in autoimmune conditions and to enhance transplant survival (10). Mice deleted for CTLA-4 show no abnormalities until after birth, but then develop lethal autoimmune reactions due to continued T cell activation and poor control by regulatory T cells, which constitutively express CTLA-4 in wild-type mice and humans (11‑13).

  • References:
    1. Harper, K. et al. (1991) J. Immunol. 147:1037.
    2. Teft, W.A. et al. (2006) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 24:65.
    3. Magistrelli, G. et al. (1999) Eur. J. Immunol. 29:3596.
    4. Tector, M. et al. (2009) BMC Immunol. 10:51.
    5. Oaks, M.K. and K.M. Hallett (2000) J. Immunol. 164:5015.
    6. Vijayakrishnan, L. et al. (2004) Immunity 20:563.
    7. Pentcheva-Hoang, T. et al. (2004) Immunity 21:401.
    8. Jansson, A. et al. (2005) J. Immunol 175:1575.
    9. Darlington, P.J. et al. (2005) J. Immunol. 175:996.
    10. Platt, A.M. et al. (2010) J. Immunol. 185:1558.
    11. Wing, K. et al. (2008) Science 322:271.
    12. Friedline, R.H. et al. (2009) J. Exp. Med. 206:421.
    13. Jain, N. et al. (2010) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107:1524.
  • Long Name:
    Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated Molecule 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1493 (Human); 12477 (Mouse); 403696 (Canine); 102115124 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
  • Alternate Names:
    CD; CD152 antigen; CD152; CD152IDDM12; CD28; celiac disease 3; CELIAC3; CTLA4; CTLA-4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4; Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase-4; GRD4; GSE; ICOS; ligand and transmembrane spliced cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

7 Citations: Showing 1 - 7
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Idelalisib and caffeine reduce suppression of T cell responses mediated by activated chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells
    Authors: BD Hock, SA MacPherson, JL McKenzie
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(3):e0172858.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Cell-extrinsic CTLA4-mediated regulation of dendritic cell maturation depends on STAT3.
    Authors: Kowalczyk A, D'Souza C, Zhang L
    Eur J Immunol, 2014;44(4):1143-55.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. MHC class II transactivator CIITA is a recurrent gene fusion partner in lymphoid cancers.
    Authors: Steidl C, Shah SP, Woolcock BW
    Nature, 2011;471(7338):377-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Human gammadelta T lymphocytes induce robust NK cell-mediated antitumor cytotoxicity through CD137 engagement.
    Authors: Maniar A, Zhang X, Lin W, Gastman BR, Pauza CD, Strome SE, Chapoval AI
    Blood, 2010;116(10):1726-33.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Lung myeloid dendritic cells coordinately induce TH1 and TH17 responses in human emphysema.
    Authors: Shan M, Cheng HF, Song LZ
    Sci Transl Med, 2009;1(4):4ra10.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  6. The soluble forms of CD28, CD86 and CTLA-4 constitute possible immunological markers in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.
    Authors: Sakthivel P, Shively V, Kakoulidou M
    J. Intern. Med., 2007;261(4):399-407.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Type: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  7. Chimeric co-stimulatory molecules that selectively act through CD28 or CTLA-4 on human T cells.
    Authors: Lazetic S, Leong SR, Chang JC, Ong R, Dawes G, Punnonen J
    J. Biol. Chem., 2002;277(41):38660-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
Primary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

His Tag Antibody

WB, Simple Western, Flow, AP, CyTOF-ready MAB050 26  
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His Tag HRP-conjugated Antibody

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His Tag APC-conjugated Antibody

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His Tag Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAM050 4  
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His Tag PE-conjugated Antibody

ICFlow IC050P 2  
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His Tag Antibody

WB, Flow, AP MAB050R  
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His Tag Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

ICFlow IC050G  
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His Tag PerCP-conjugated Antibody

ICFlow IC050C  
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His Tag Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

ICFlow IC050N  
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Protein Purification Kits
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Histidine-tagged Protein Purification Resin

IP999 1
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Recombinant Proteins
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Recombinant Human IgG1 Fc, CF

BA 110-HG 66
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Recombinant Human B7-1/CD80 Fc Chimera His-tag Protein, CF

BA 140-B1 8
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