Recombinant Human VSIG3 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 9229-VS)inhibits anti-CD3 antibody induced IL-17 secretion in human PBMC. TheED50 for this effect is 1-6 μg/mL.
VSIG3, also known as IGSF11, BT-IgSF, and CLMP, is an approximately 50 kDa transmembrane adhesion protein (1). Mature human VSIG3 consists of a 219 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) that contains two tandem Ig-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 169 aa cytoplasmic domain (2). Within the ECD, human VSIG3 shares 95% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat VSIG3. Alternative splicing generates additional isoforms with a substituted signal peptide that may also have a deletion in the second Ig-like domain (3). VSIG3 is expressed on epithelial and endothelial cells, neurons and glial cells, and platelets (2-4). It localizes to epithelial tight junctions and mediates homophilic in trans cell adhesion (3-5). VSIG3 also localizes to neuronal postsynaptic densisties where it recruits the GluA1 and GluA2 subunits of AMPA receptors and supports excitatory synaptic transmission (6). The short isoform can be up-regulated in gastric cancer (7). In zebrafish, VSIG3 is expressed in melanophores and their precursors and plays a role in the development and patterning of pigment cells (8).
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