Recombinant Mouse Angiopoietin-like 3 Protein, CF

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136-AN-050
R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Recombinant Mouse Angiopoietin-like 3 Protein, CF Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>90%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its ability to inhibit lipoprotein lipase activity. Yoshida, K. et al. (2002) J. Lipid Res. 43:1770. The IC50 value under conditions in which Recombinant Human Lipoprotein Lipase/LPL (Catalog # 9888-LL)  and p-nitrophenyl butyrate are present in 0.1 M sodium phosphate, 0.15 M NaCl, 0.5% Triton® X-100, pH 7.2, is approximately 2.5‑12.5 µg/mL.
Source
Spodoptera frugiperda, Sf 21 (baculovirus)-derived mouse Angiopoietin-like Protein 3/ANGPTL3 protein
Ser17-Thr455, with a C-terminal 10-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ser17
Structure / Form
Oligomer
Predicted Molecular Mass
51.8 kDa
SDS-PAGE
60 kDa, reducing conditions

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136-AN

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

136-AN

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS, NaCl and CHAPS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
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Background: Angiopoietin-like Protein 3/ANGPTL3

Angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) is a secreted glycoprotein that is structurally related to the angiopoietins (1-3). Mature mouse ANGPTL3 contains an N-terminal coiled-coil domain and a C‑terminal fibrinogen-like domain (4). ANGPTL3 is expressed in the liver from early in development through adulthood (4, 5). Full length ANGPTL3 circulates in the plasma as do the proteolytically separated N- and C‑terminal fragments containing the coiled‑coil domain and fibrinogen-like domains, respectively (6, 7). ANGPTL3 is found as 70 kDa, 50 kDa, and 32 kDa species and can form weakly associated noncovalent multimers in vitro (5, 6). ANGPTL3 directly inhibits lipoprotein lipase (LPL), an enzyme responsible for hydrolyzing circulating triglycerides (8). This activity requires a putative heparin-binding motif that is N-terminal to the coiled-coil domain (6). Proteolytic removal of the fibrinogen-like domain from the N-terminal fragment serves to activate ANGPTL3 and increase its ability to inhibit LPL in vitro and function in vivo (6). ANGPTL3 promotes an increase in circulating triglyceride levels without altering VLDL or HDL secretion or uptake (6-8). ANGPTL3 knockout mice are hypolipidemic and have elevated LPL activity (9). ANGPTL3 expression in vivo is upregulated by LXR agonists and downregulated by insulin, leptin, and TR beta agonists (10-12). Dysregulated ANGPTL3 expression and elevated plasma triglyceride levels are characteristic of some strains of obese and diabetic mice, (7, 8, 11). ANGPTL3 does not bind Tie-1 or Tie-2 but its fibrinogen-like domain interacts with integrin alpha V beta 3 to induce endothelial cell adhesion, migration, and neovascularization (13). ANGPTL3, secreted by fetal liver cells, also promotes the expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (14). Mature mouse ANGPTL3 shares 22%-30% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with ANGPTL1, 2, 4, 6, and 7. It shares 77% aa sequence identity with human ANGPTL3.

References
  1. Li, C. (2006) Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 17:152.
  2. Oike, Y. et al. (2004) Int. J. Hematol. 80:21.
  3. Kersten, S. (2005) Biochem. Soc. Transact. 33:1059.
  4. Conklin, D. et al. (1999) Genomics 62:477.
  5. Ge, H. et al. (2005) J. Lipid Res. 46:1484.
  6. Ono, M. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:41804.
  7. Koishi, R. et al. (2002) Nat. Genet. 30:151.
  8. Shimizugawa, T. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:33742.
  9. Koster, A. et al. (2005) Endocrinology 146:4943.
  10. Inaba, T. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:21344.
  11. Shimamura, M. et al. (2004) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 322:1080.
  12. Fugier, C. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:11553.
  13. Camenisch, G. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:17281.
  14. Zhang, C.C. et al. (2006) Nat. Med. 12:240.
Entrez Gene IDs
27329 (Human); 30924 (Mouse); 102136264 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
AGNPT5; Ang-5; angiopoietin 5; Angiopoietin-5; angiopoietin-like 3; Angiopoietin-like Protein 3; angiopoietin-related protein 3; ANGPT5angiopoietin-5; ANGPTL3; FHBL2

Citations for Recombinant Mouse Angiopoietin-like 3 Protein, CF

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. A vital role for Angptl3 in the PAN-induced podocyte loss by affecting detachment and apoptosis in vitro.
    Authors: Dai R, Lin Y, Liu H, Rao J, Zhai Y, Zha X, Fang X, Xu H
    BMC Nephrol, 2015;16(0):38.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  2. Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 secreted by a tumorigenic cell line supports ex vivo expansion of mouse hematopoietic stem cells.
    Authors: Huynh H, Iizuka S, Kaba M, Kirak O, Zheng J, Lodish HF, Zhang CC
    Stem Cells, 2008;26(6):1628-35.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay

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