Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF
Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF Summary
Ala31-Thr215, with a C-terminal 10-His tag
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background: Fc gamma RIII (CD16)
Receptors for the Fc region of IgG (Fc gamma Rs) are members of the Ig superfamily that function in the activation or inhibition of immune responses such as degranulation, phagocytosis, ADCC (antibody‑dependent cellular toxicity), cytokine release, and B cell proliferation (1-3). The Fc gamma Rs have been divided into three classes based on close relationships in their extracellular domains; these groups are designated Fc gamma RI (also known as CD64), Fc gamma RII (CD32), and Fc gamma RIII (CD16). Each group may be encoded by multiple genes and exist in different isoforms depending on species and cell type. The CD64 proteins are high affinity receptors (~10-8-10-9 M) capable of binding monomeric IgG, whereas the CD16 and CD32 proteins bind IgG with lower affinities (~10-6-10-7 M) only recognizing IgG aggregates surrounding multivalent antigens (1, 4). Fc gamma Rs that deliver an activating signal either have an intrinsic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) within their cytoplasmic domains or associate with one of the ITAM-bearing adapter subunits, Fc R gamma or zeta (3, 5). The only inhibitory member in human and mouse, Fc gamma RIIb, has an intrinsic cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM). The coordinated functioning of activating and inhibitory receptors is necessary for successful initiation, amplification, and termination of immune responses (5).
Mouse CD16 is encoded by a single gene. The protein product is a type I transmembrane protein having two extracellular Ig-like domains. It is expressed on a variety of myeloid and lymphoid cells (4) and associates with Fc R gamma to deliver an activating signal upon ligand binding (5). Mouse CD32 is closely related to mouse CD16 throughout its extracellular domain (95% amino acid sequence identity), but has a divergent cytoplasmic domain and functions as an inhibitory receptor. Together these proteins constitute an activating/inhibiting receptor pair to regulate immune responses (5).
- van de Winkel, J. and P. Capes (1993) Immunol. Today 14:215.
- Raghaven, M. and P. Bjorkman (1996) Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12:181.
- Ravetch, J. and S. Bolland (2001) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 19:275.
- Takai, T. (2002) Nature Rev. Immunol. 2:580.
- Ravetch, J. and L. Lanier (2000) Science 290:84.
Citations for Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Negative regulation of bacterial killing and inflammation by two novel CD16 ligands
Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
Species: Bacteria - Phage Library
Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
Applications: Enzyme Assay
Osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1 binding to the Fc gammaRIIB inhibits osteoclast differentiation.
Authors: Shanmugarajan S, Beeson CC, Reddy SV
Sample Types: Peptide
Applications: Surface Plasmon Resonance
IgEb immune complexes activate macrophages through FcgammaRIV binding.
Authors: Hirano M, Davis RS, Fine WD, Nakamura S, Shimizu K, Yagi H, Kato K, Stephan RP, Cooper MD
Nat. Immunol., 2007;8(7):762-71.
Sample Types: Antibody
Applications: Surface Plasmon Resonance
This protein datasheet indicates I need to use a cross-linking antibody, Catalog # MAB050, for biological activity. What is this antibody and is it really necessary?
The antibody is directed against a 6x histidine repeat and is recommended for use as a cross-linker of proteins with 6x his-tag. Crosslinking is often used for proteins that require receptor trimerization and can result greater biological activity. R&D Systems Quality Control tests the performance of these proteins in the presence of the cross-linking antibody. Therefore, it is necessary to use this antibody when trying to achieve the same level of specific activity described in the datasheet.
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