Recombinant Mouse IL-31 RA Fc Chimera Protein, CF Summary
Accession # AAM27959.1
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Mouse IL‑31 RA was resolved with SDS-PAGE underreducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining,showing bands at 90-103 kDa and 180-210 kDa, respectively.
Background: IL-31 RA
The interleukin-31 receptor A subunit (IL-31 RA), also known as gp130-Like Monocyte Receptor (GLM-R or GPL), is a ~100 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is classified as being a type I cytokine receptor (1, 2). A heterodimeric complex of IL-31 RA and the oncostatin M receptor (OSM R) functions as the signaling receptor for IL-31 (3). Both subunits are inducibly expressed throughout the myelomonocytic lineage and are up-regulated by interferon-gamma and bacterial lipopolysaccharides (1-3). IL-31 RA is also expressed on keratinocytes, dorsal root ganglia neurons, and variably on lung epithelial cells (3-6). The 716 amino acid (aa) mouse IL-31 RA contains an 18 aa signal sequence, a 481 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane domain and a 196 aa cytoplasmic domain. The ECD of mouse IL-31 RA shares 60% and 84% aa identity with human and rat IL-31 RA ECD, respectively. Mouse IL-31 receptors do not respond to human IL-31 (7). The ECD contains five fibronectin type III domains; the first two contain four conserved cysteine residues and a WSXWS motif common to type I cytokine receptors (2). In both humans and transgenic mice, IL-31 from skin-homing Th2 cells may contribute to the pruritis (itching) associated with nonatopic dermatitis, especially in infected skin (3, 8, 9).
- Ghilardi, N. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:16831.
- Diveu, C. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:49850.
- Dillon, S. R. et al. (2004) Nat. Immunol. 5:752.
- Chattopadhyay, S. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:3014.
- Perrigoue, J. G. et al. (2007) J. Exp. Med. 204:481.
- Bando, T. et al. (2006) Neuroscience 142:1263.
- Broxmeyer, H. E. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:78.
- Bilsborough, J. et al. (2006) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 117:418.
- Sonkoly, E. et al. (2006) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 117:411.
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