Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike GCN4-IZ His-tag Protein CF

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
10845-CV-100
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein Binding Activity.
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Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike GCN4-IZ His-tag Protein CF Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity

Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with Recombinant Human ACE-2 His-tag (Catalog # 933-ZN).

Source
Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived sars-cov-2 Spike protein
SARS-CoV-2 Spike
(Val16-Lys1211)(Leu18Phe, Leu452Arg, Asn501Tyr, Ala653Val, His655Tyr, Asp796Tyr)(Arg682Ser, Arg685Ser, Lys986Pro, Val987Pro)
Accession # YP_009724390.1
GCN4-IZ6-His tag
N-terminusC-terminus
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Val16
Predicted Molecular Mass
138 kDa
SDS-PAGE
136-167 kDa, under reducing conditions.

Product Datasheets

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10845-CV

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

10845-CV

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Scientific Data

Binding Activity View Larger

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike (GCN4-IZ) His-tag (Catalog # 10845-CV) binds Recombinant Human ACE-2 His-tag (933-ZN) in a functional ELISA.

Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensorgram of Human ACE-2 binding to SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike protein View Larger

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike protein was immobilized on a Biacore Sensor Chip CM5, and binding to recombinant human ACE-2 (933-ZN) was measured at a concentration range between 0.046 nM and 47.2 nM. The double-referenced sensorgram was fit to a 1:1 binding model to determine the binding kinetics and affinity, with an affinity constant of Kd=0.5268 nM.

SDS-PAGE View Larger

2 μg/lane of Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 A.27 Spike (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 10845-CV) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 136-167 kDa.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: Spike

SARS-CoV-2, which causes the global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), belongs to a family of viruses known as coronaviruses that are commonly comprised of four structural proteins: Spike protein (S), Envelope protein (E), Membrane protein (M), and Nucleocapsid protein (N) (1). SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein (S Protein) is a glycoprotein that mediates membrane fusion and viral entry. The S protein is homotrimeric, with each ~180-kDa monomer consisting of two subunits, S1 and S2 (2). In SARS-CoV-2, as with most coronaviruses, proteolytic cleavage of the S protein into the S1 and S2 subunits is required for activation. The S1 subunit is focused on attachment of the protein to the host receptor while the S2 subunit is involved with cell fusion (3-5). The S protein of SARS-CoV-2 shares 75% and 29% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with the S protein of SARS-CoV-1 and MERS, respectively. The S Protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, like the SARS-CoV-1 counterpart, binds Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE-2), but with much higher affinity and faster binding kinetics through the receptor binding domain (RBD) located in the C-terminal region of S1 (6). Based on structural biology studies, the RBD can be oriented either in the up/standing or down/lying state with the up/standing state associated with higher pathogenicity (7). Polyclonal antibodies to the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 protein have been shown to inhibit interaction with the ACE-2 receptor, confirming RBD as an attractive target for vaccinations or antiviral therapy (8). It has been demonstrated that the S Protein can invade host cells through the CD147/EMMPRIN receptor and mediate membrane fusion (9, 10). A SARS-CoV-2 variant carrying the S protein aa change D614G has become the most prevalent form in the global pandemic and has been associated with greater infectivity and higher viral load (11, 12). The A.27 lineage was first detected in Dec 2020. It contains four key point mutations in the spike protein: L452R, N501Y, A653V and H655Y. Virus with these mutations was reported to escape neutralization from antibodies (13, 14).

References
  1. Wu, F. et al. (2020) Nature 579:265.
  2. Tortorici, M.A. and D. Veesler (2019) Adv. Virus Res. 105:93.
  3. Bosch, B.J. et al. (2003) J. Virol. 77:8801.
  4. Belouzard, S. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:5871.
  5. Millet, J.K. and G.R. Whittaker (2015) Virus Res. 202:120.
  6. Ortega, J.T. et al. (2020) EXCLI J. 19:410.
  7. Yuan, Y. et al. (2017) Nat. Commun. 8:15092.
  8. Tai, W. et al. (2020) Cell. Mol. Immunol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.it.2020.03.007.
  9. Wang, X. et al. (2020) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41423-020-0424-9.
  10. Wang, K. et al. (2020) bioRxiv https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.14.988345v1.
  11. Korber, B. et al. (2020) Cell 182, 812.
  12. Zhang, L. et al. (2020) bioRxiv https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.06.12.148726v1.
  13. Deng X. et al. (2021) medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.03.07.21252647.
  14. SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern as of 6 May 2021.
Long Name
Spike Protein
Entrez Gene IDs
918758 (HCoV-229E); 2943499 (HCoV-NL63); 39105218 (HCoV-OC43); 37616432 (MERS-CoV); 1489668 (SARS-CoV); 43740568 (SARS-CoV-2)
Alternate Names
2019-nCoV S Protein; 2019-nCoV Spike; COVID-19 Spike; E2; Human coronavirus spike glycoprotein; Peplomer protein; S glycoprotein; S Protein; SARS-COV-2 S protein; SARS-COV-2 Spike glycoprotein; SARSCOV2 Spike protein; SARS-CoV-2; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Spike Protein; Spike glycoprotein; Spike; surface glycoprotein

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