CNQX

  ( 197 citations )    
Product Datasheet
Catalog Number:0190
Chemical Name:6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione
Product Details
Citations (197)
Supplemental Products
Reviews
Biological Activity
Potent AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist. Also antagonist at glycine modulatory site on NMDA receptor complex.

Disodium Salt Available also available.

Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
    232.16
  • Formula:
    C9H4N4O4
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 100 mM in DMSO
  • Purity:
    >99
  • Storage:
    Store at RT
  • CAS No:
    115066-14-3
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
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Citations:

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for CNQX include:

197 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. Feeding induced by cannabinoids is mediated independently of the melanocortin system.
    Authors: Sinnayah Et al.
    PLoS One  ;3:e2202
  2. Differential processing of thalamic information via distinct striatal interneuron circuits.
    Authors: Assous
    Nat Commun  2017;8:15860
  3. A novel crosstalk within the endocannabinoid system controls GABA transmission in the striatum.
    Authors: Musella
    Sci Rep  2017;7(1):7363
  4. Astrocytes modulate thalamic sensory processing via mGlu2 receptor activation.
    Authors: Copeland Et al.
    Neuropharmacology  2017;121:100
  5. Increased GABAB receptor signaling in a rat model for schizophrenia
    Authors: Selten Et al.
    Scientific Reports  2016;6:34240
  6. A cholinergic basal forebrain feeding circuit modulates appetite suppression
    Authors: Herman Et al.
    Nature  2016;538:253
  7. A pre-docking source for the power-law behavior of spontaneous quantal release: application to the analysis of LTP.
    Authors: Lamanna Et al.
    Cell Rep  2015;9:44
  8. Dendritic morphology, synaptic transmission, and activity of mature granule cells born following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in the rat.
    Authors: Gao Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2015;9:384
  9. Reduction in focal ictal activity following transplantation of MGE interneurons requires expression of the GABAA receptor α4 subunit.
    Authors: Jaiswal Et al.
    Cell Death Dis  2015;9:127
  10. Functional changes in glutamate transporters and astrocyte biophysical properties in a rodent model of focal cortical dysplasia.
    Authors: Campbell Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2015;8:425
  11. LRP8-Reelin-Regulated Neuronal Enhancer Signature Underlying Learning and Memory Formation.
    Authors: Telese Et al.
    Neuron  2015;86:696
  12. Calcium flux-independent NMDA receptor activity is required for Aβ oligomer-induced synaptic loss.
    Authors: Birnbaum Et al.
    PLoS One  2015;6:e1791
  13. Brain ischemia downregulates the neuroprotective GDNF-Ret signaling by a calpain-dependent mechanism in cultured hippocampal neurons.
    Authors: Curcio Et al.
    Eneuro  2015;6:e1645
  14. Wnt signalling tunes neurotransmitter release by directly targeting Synaptotagmin-1.
    Authors: Ciani Et al.
    Front Neurol  2015;6:8302
  15. miR-26a and miR-384-5p are required for LTP maintenance and spine enlargement.
    Authors: Gu Et al.
    Nat Commun  2015;6:6789
  16. Interactions of Human Autoantibodies with Hippocampal GABAergic Synaptic Transmission - Analyzing Antibody-Induced Effects ex vivo.
    Authors: Haselmann Et al.
    Cell Death Dis  2015;6:136
  17. Nitric oxide targets oligodendrocytes and promotes their morphological differentiation.
    Authors: Garthwaite Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2015;63:383
  18. GABAergic disinhibition and impaired KCC2 cotransporter activity underlie tumor-associated epilepsy.
    Authors: Campbell Et al.
    Nat Commun  2015;63:23
  19. AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae.
    Authors: Sengupta and Thirumalai
    J Neurophysiol  2015;4
  20. Disruption of Fgf13 causes synaptic excitatory-inhibitory imbalance and genetic epilepsy and febrile seizures plus.
    Authors: Puranam Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:8866
  21. Developmental changes in synaptic distribution in arcuate nucleus neurons.
    Authors: Baquero Et al.
    Glia  2015;35:8558
  22. Cholinergic control of γ power in the midbrain spatial attention network.
    Authors: Bryant Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:761
  23. Oligodendrocytes Are Targets of HIV-1 Tat: NMDA and AMPA Receptor-Mediated Effects on Survival and Development.
    Authors: Zou Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;35:11384
  24. Role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the excitatory-inhibitory imbalance during the critical period of postnatal respiratory development in the rat.
    Authors: Gao Et al.
    Physiol Rep  2015;3
  25. TRPC3 channels critically regulate hippocampal excitability and contextual fear memory.
    Authors: Neuner Et al.
    Behav Brain Res  2015;281:69
  26. Asynchronous GABA Release Is a Key Determinant of Tonic Inhibition and Controls Neuronal Excitability: A Study in the Synapsin II-/- Mouse.
    Authors: Medrihan Et al.
    Cereb Cortex  2015;25:3356
  27. Selective Effects of PDE10A Inhibitors on Striatopallidal Neurons Require Phosphatase Inhibition by DARPP-32(1,2,3).
    Authors: Polito Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;2
  28. β-Arrestin-2 knockout prevents development of cellular μ-opioid receptor tolerance but does not affect opioid-withdrawal-related adaptations in single PAG neurons.
    Authors: Connor Et al.
    Elife  2015;172:492
  29. Development and function of human cerebral cortex neural networks from pluripotent stem cells in vitro.
    Authors: Kirwan Et al.
    Development  2015;142:3178
  30. An Amacrine Cell Circuit for Signaling Steady Illumination in the Retina.
    Authors: Jacoby Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol  2015;13:2663
  31. Chloride Accumulators NKCC1 and AE2 in Mouse GnRH Neurons: Implications for GABAA Mediated Excitation.
    Authors: Taylor-Burds Et al.
    J Clin Invest  2015;10:e0131076
  32. G-Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase 2 Minimally Regulates Melanopsin Activity in Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells.
    Authors: Sexton and Gelder
    PLoS One  2015;10:e0128690
  33. Presynaptic mechanisms of lead neurotoxicity: effects on vesicular release, vesicle clustering and mitochondria number.
    Authors: Zhang Et al.
    PLoS One  2015;10:e0127461
  34. MARK/Par1 Kinase Is Activated Downstream of NMDA Receptors through a PKA-Dependent Mechanism.
    Authors: Bernard and Zhang
    PLoS One  2015;10:e0124816
  35. Bursting reverberation as a multiscale neuronal network process driven by synaptic depression-facilitation.
    Authors: Duc Et al.
    J Neurosci  2015;10:e0124694
  36. Postsynaptic target specific synaptic dysfunctions in the CA3 area of BACE1 knockout mice.
    Authors: Wang Et al.
    PLoS One  2014;9:e92279
  37. Both neurons and astrocytes exhibited tetrodotoxin-resistant metabotropic glutamate receptor-dependent spontaneous slow Ca2+ oscillations in striatum.
    Authors: Tamura Et al.
    PLoS One  2014;9:e85351
  38. The Ca2+ sensor protein swiprosin-1/EFhd2 is present in neurites and involved in kinesin-mediated transport in neurons.
    Authors: Purohit Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2014;9:e103976
  39. Dynamic properties of the alkaline vesicle population at hippocampal synapses.
    Authors: Röther Et al.
    PLoS One  2014;9:e102723
  40. Interleukin-1β causes excitotoxic neurodegeneration and multiple sclerosis disease progression by activating the apoptotic protein p53.
    Authors: Rossi Et al.
    Mol Neurodegener  2014;9:56
  41. Electrophysiological characterization of male goldfish (Carassius auratus) ventral preoptic area neurons receiving olfactory inputs.
    Authors: Lado Et al.
    Front Neurosci  2014;8:185
  42. Lamina-specific contribution of glutamatergic and GABAergic potentials to hippocampal sharp wave-ripple complexes.
    Authors: Schönberger Et al.
    J Neurosci  2014;8:103
  43. Synaptic plasticity in glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission following chronic memantine treatment in an in vitro model of limbic epileptogenesis.
    Authors: He and Bausch
    Neuropharmacology  2014;77:379
  44. Lactate-mediated glia-neuronal signalling in the mammalian brain.
    Authors: Tang Et al.
    Nat Commun  2014;5:3284
  45. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species regulate the strength of inhibitory GABA-mediated synaptic transmission.
    Authors: Accardi Et al.
    Nat Commun  2014;5:3168
  46. Generation of induced neuronal cells by the single reprogramming factor ASCL1.
    Authors: Chanda Et al.
    Stem Cell Reports  2014;3:282
  47. Genetic elimination of GABAergic neurotransmission reveals two distinct pacemakers for spontaneous waves of activity in the developing mouse cortex.
    Authors: Easton Et al.
    J Neurosci  2014;34:3854
  48. GluA1 phosphorylation contributes to postsynaptic amplification of neuropathic pain in the insular cortex.
    Authors: Qiu Et al.
    J Neurosci  2014;34:13505
  49. Accumulation of GABAergic neurons, causing a focal ambient GABA gradient, and downregulation of KCC2 are induced during microgyrus formation in a mouse model of polymicrogyria.
    Authors: Wang Et al.
    Cereb Cortex  2014;24:1088
  50. Isoliquiritigenin, a chalcone compound, enhances spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic response.
    Authors: Woo Et al.
    Exp Neurobiol  2014;23:163
  51. Distinct temporal expression of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors on cerebellar granule cells in mice.
    Authors: Oostland Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2014;13:491
  52. Deranged NMDAergic cortico-subthalamic transmission underlies parkinsonian motor deficits.
    Authors: Pan Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci  2014;124:4629
  53. Synthesis, transport, and metabolism of serotonin formed from exogenously applied 5-HTP after spinal cord injury in rats.
    Authors: Li Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2014;111:145
  54. GPR35 activation reduces Ca2+ transients and contributes to the kynurenic acid-dependent reduction of synaptic activity at CA3-CA1 synapses.
    Authors: Berlinguer-Palmini Et al.
    PLoS One  2013;8:e82180
  55. Hyperactivity of ON-type retinal ganglion cells in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
    Authors: Yu Et al.
    PLoS One  2013;8:e76049
  56. Region-specific integration of embryonic stem cell-derived neuronal precursors into a pre-existing neuronal circuit.
    Authors: Neuser Et al.
    PLoS One  2013;8:e66497
  57. NMDA-receptor activation but not ion flux is required for amyloid-β induced synaptic depression.
    Authors: Tamburri Et al.
    PLoS One  2013;8:e65350
  58. Activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors potentiates heteromeric kainate receptors.
    Authors: Rojas Et al.
    Mol Pharmacol  2013;83:106
  59. In vivo optogenetic tracing of functional corticocortical connections between motor forelimb areas.
    Authors: Hira Et al.
    J Neurosci  2013;7:55
  60. β-Noradrenergic receptor activation specifically modulates the generation of sighs in vivo and in vitro.
    Authors: Viemari Et al.
    EMBO J  2013;7:179
  61. Cortical interneurons that specialize in disinhibitory control.
    Authors: Pi Et al.
    Nature  2013;503:521
  62. Synapsin II desynchronizes neurotransmitter release at inhibitory synapses by interacting with presynaptic calcium channels.
    Authors: Medrihan Et al.
    Nat Commun  2013;4:1512
  63. Axonal translation of β-catenin regulates synaptic vesicle dynamics.
    Authors: Taylor Et al.
    J Neurosci  2013;33:5584
  64. Postnatal loss of P/Q-type channels confined to rhombic-lip-derived neurons alters synaptic transmission at the parallel fiber to purkinje cell synapse and replicates genomic Cacna1a mutation phenotype of ataxia and seizures in mice.
    Authors: Maejima Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2013;33:5162
  65. Ovarian hormone loss impairs excitatory synaptic transmission at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses.
    Authors: Wu Et al.
    J Neurosci  2013;33:16158
  66. An essential role for inhibitor-2 regulation of protein phosphatase-1 in synaptic scaling.
    Authors: Siddoway Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2013;33:11206
  67. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and glycogen synthase kinase 3β regulate gephyrin postsynaptic aggregation and GABAergic synaptic function in a calpain-dependent mechanism.
    Authors: Tyagarajan Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2013;288:9634
  68. Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation controls cell surface expression of γ-aminobutyric acid, type B receptors.
    Authors: Zemoura Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2013;288:34897
  69. Long-term potentiation of excitatory synaptic strength in spinothalamic tract neurons of the rat spinal cord.
    Authors: Hur and Park
    Korean J Physiol Pharmacol  2013;17:553
  70. Regulation of ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase by NMDA-receptor-induced seizure activity in cortical slices.
    Authors: Yamagata Et al.
    Brain Res  2013;1507:1
  71. Independent circuits in the basal ganglia for the evaluation and selection of actions.
    Authors: Stephenson-Jones Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2013;110:E3670
  72. Synaptic and extrasynaptic transmission of kidney-related neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla.
    Authors: Gao and Derbenev
    J Neurophysiol  2013;110:2637
  73. Neurons generated by direct conversion of fibroblasts reproduce synaptic phenotype caused by autism-associated neuroligin-3 mutation.
    Authors: Chanda Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2013;110:16622
  74. Synaptic and extrasynaptic plasticity in glutamatergic circuits involving dentate granule cells following chronic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor inhibition.
    Authors: He Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2013;109:1535
  75. Lovastatin modulates glycogen synthase kinase-3β pathway and inhibits mossy fiber sprouting after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus.
    Authors: Lee Et al.
    Neurochem Int  2012;7:e38789
  76. Differences in spontaneously avoiding or approaching mice reflect differences in CB1-mediated signaling of dorsal striatal transmission.
    Authors: Laricchiuta Et al.
    PLoS One  2012;7:e33260
  77. Activity-induced remodeling of olfactory bulb microcircuits revealed by monosynaptic tracing.
    Authors: Arenkiel Et al.
    PLoS One  2012;6:e29423
  78. Opposing Effects of Intrinsic Conductance and Correlated Synaptic Input on V-Fluctuations during Network Activity.
    Authors: Kolind Et al.
    Front Comput Neurosci  2012;6:40
  79. Increased Kv1 channel expression may contribute to decreased sIPSC frequency following chronic inhibition of NR2B-containing NMDAR.
    Authors: He Et al.
    Neuropsychopharmacology  2012;37:1338
  80. The role of inhibition in oscillatory wave dynamics in the cortex.
    Authors: Xiao Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci  2012;36:2201
  81. Calcium-dependent but action potential-independent BCM-like metaplasticity in the hippocampus.
    Authors: Hulme Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:6785
  82. Interleukin-1β causes anxiety by interacting with the endocannabinoid system.
    Authors: Rossi Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:13896
  83. Optimization of a GCaMP calcium indicator for neural activity imaging.
    Authors: Akerboom Et al.
    J Neurosci  2012;32:13819
  84. K+ depolarization evokes ATP, adenosine and glutamate release from glia in rat hippocampus: a microelectrode biosensor study.
    Authors: Heinrich Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol  2012;167:1003
  85. Altered neurotransmitter release, vesicle recycling and presynaptic structure in the pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy.
    Authors: Upreti Et al.
    Brain  2012;135:869
  86. Critical role of calcitonin gene-related peptide receptors in cortical spreading depression.
    Authors: Tozzi Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2012;109:18985
  87. Specificity and actions of an arylaspartate inhibitor of glutamate transport at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 pyramidal cell synapse.
    Authors: Sun Et al.
    PLoS One  2011;6:e23765
  88. Functional refinement in the projection from ventral cochlear nucleus to lateral superior olive precedes hearing onset in rat.
    Authors: Case Et al.
    PLoS One  2011;6:e20756
  89. Capsaicin-induced changes in LTP in the lateral amygdala are mediated by TRPV1.
    Authors: Zschenderlein Et al.
    PLoS One  2011;6:e16116
  90. 11-Deoxycortisol impedes GABAergic neurotransmission and induces drug-resistant status epilepticus in mice.
    Authors: Kaminski Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2011;60:1098
  91. Enhanced Synaptic Activity and Epileptiform Events in the Embryonic KCC2 Deficient Hippocampus.
    Authors: Khalilov Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci  2011;5:23
  92. Concurrent imaging of synaptic vesicle recycling and calcium dynamics.
    Authors: Li Et al.
    Front Mol Neurosci  2011;4:34
  93. Activation of alpha-2 noradrenergic receptors is critical for the generation of fictive eupnea and fictive gasping inspiratory activities in mammals in vitro.
    Authors: Viemari Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci  2011;33:2228
  94. Profound desensitization by ambient GABA limits activation of δ-containing GABAA receptors during spillover.
    Authors: Bright Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:753
  95. Homeostatic synaptic plasticity through changes in presynaptic calcium influx.
    Authors: Zhao Et al.
    Hear Res  2011;31:7492
  96. Delayed postnatal loss of P/Q-type calcium channels recapitulates the absence epilepsy, dyskinesia, and ataxia phenotypes of genomic Cacna1a mutations.
    Authors: Mark Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:4311
  97. Ovarian hormone deficiency reduces intrinsic excitability and abolishes acute estrogen sensitivity in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons.
    Authors: Wu Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:2638
  98. Attenuating GABA(A) receptor signaling in dopamine neurons selectively enhances reward learning and alters risk preference in mice.
    Authors: Parker Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:17103
  99. Endogenous brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the nucleus tractus solitarius tonically regulates synaptic and autonomic function.
    Authors: Clark Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:12318
  100. NMDA receptors in retrosplenial cortex are necessary for retrieval of recent and remote context fear memory.
    Authors: Corcoran Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:11655
  101. Extensive remodeling of the presynaptic cytomatrix upon homeostatic adaptation to network activity silencing.
    Authors: Lazarevic Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;31:10189
  102. Positive feedback regulation between γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor signaling and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release in developing neurons.
    Authors: Porcher Et al.
    Front Neural Circuits  2011;286:21667
  103. Lateral superior olive function in congenital deafness.
    Authors: Couchman Et al.
    J Neurosci  2011;277:163
  104. Exposure of neurons to excitotoxic levels of glutamate induces cleavage of the RNA editing enzyme, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 2, and loss of GLUR2 editing.
    Authors: Mahajan Et al.
    Neuroscience  2011;189:305
  105. Inflammation alters trafficking of extrasynaptic AMPA receptors in tonically firing lamina II neurons of the rat spinal dorsal horn.
    Authors: Kopach Et al.
    Pain  2011;152:912
  106. Suppression of PKR promotes network excitability and enhanced cognition by interferon-γ-mediated disinhibition.
    Authors: Zhu Et al.
    Cell  2011;147:1384
  107. Leptin does not directly affect CNS serotonin neurons to influence appetite.
    Authors: Lam Et al.
    Cell Metab  2011;13:584
  108. Expression and functional properties of TRPM2 channels in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra of the rat.
    Authors: Chung Et al.
    Front Neural Circuits  2011;106:2865
  109. A new mechanism for antiepileptic drug action: vesicular entry may mediate the effects of levetiracetam.
    Authors: Meehan Et al.
    J Biol Chem  2011;106:1227
  110. Network hyperexcitability in hippocampal slices from Mecp2 mutant mice revealed by voltage-sensitive dye imaging.
    Authors: Calfa Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2011;105:1768
  111. CB1 modulation of temporally distinct synaptic facilitation among local circuit interneurons mediated by N-type calcium channels in CA1.
    Authors: Ali
    J Neurophysiol  2011;105:1051
  112. Systematic heterogeneity of fractional vesicle pool sizes and release rates of hippocampal synapses.
    Authors: Welzel Et al.
    Biophys J  2011;100:593
  113. SV2 mediates entry of tetanus neurotoxin into central neurons.
    Authors: Yeh Et al.
    PLoS Pathog  2010;6:e1001207
  114. Synapse clusters are preferentially formed by synapses with large recycling pool sizes.
    Authors: Welzel Et al.
    PLoS One  2010;5:e13514
  115. Melatonin potentiates glycine currents through a PLC/PKC signalling pathway in rat retinal ganglion cells.
    Authors: Zhao Et al.
    J Physiol  2010;588:2605
  116. Tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues modulates the mouse hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis via paraventricular glutamatergic neurons.
    Authors: Dimitrov and Usdin
    J Comp Neurol  2010;518:4375
  117. Substance P modulation of TRPC3/7 channels improves respiratory rhythm regularity and ICAN-dependent pacemaker activity.
    Authors: Ben-Mabrouk and Tryba
    Front Cell Neurosci  2010;31:1219
  118. Selective T-type calcium channel block in thalamic neurons reveals channel redundancy and physiological impact of I(T)window.
    Authors: Dreyfus Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:99
  119. Canonical TGF-beta signaling is required for the balance of excitatory/inhibitory transmission within the hippocampus and prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle.
    Authors: Sun Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:6025
  120. Dopamine-dependent tuning of striatal inhibitory synaptogenesis.
    Authors: Goffin Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:2935
  121. Haploinsufficiency in peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase leads to altered synaptic transmission in the amygdala and impaired emotional responses.
    Authors: Gaier Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:13656
  122. GABAergic synaptic scaling in embryonic motoneurons is mediated by a shift in the chloride reversal potential.
    Authors: Gonzalez-Islas Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:13016
  123. Cannabinoids excite circadian clock neurons.
    Authors: Acuna-Goycolea Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;30:10061
  124. Reduction in synaptic GABA release contributes to target-selective elevation of PVN neuronal activity in rats with myocardial infarction.
    Authors: Han Et al.
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol  2010;299:R129
  125. Substitution of 5-HT1A receptor signaling by a light-activated G protein-coupled receptor.
    Authors: Oh Et al.
    J Neurosci  2010;285:30825
  126. Activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors induces a nitric oxide-dependent long-term depression in rat medial prefrontal cortex.
    Authors: Huang and Hsu
    Cereb Cortex  2010;20:982
  127. Sustained dorsal hippocampal activity is not obligatory for either the maintenance or retrieval of long-term spatial memory.
    Authors: Broadbent Et al.
    Hippocampus  2010;20:1366
  128. Glutamate co-release at GABA/glycinergic synapses is crucial for the refinement of an inhibitory map.
    Authors: Noh Et al.
    Neuropharmacology  2010;13:232
  129. High precision and fast functional mapping of cortical circuitry through a novel combination of voltage sensitive dye imaging and laser scanning photostimulation.
    Authors: Xu Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2010;103:2301
  130. Na+ mechanism of delta-opioid receptor induced protection from anoxic K+ leakage in the cortex.
    Authors: Chao Et al.
    Cell Mol Life Sci  2009;66:1105
  131. Mutation of the protein kinase C site in borna disease virus phosphoprotein abrogates viral interference with neuronal signaling and restores normal synaptic activity.
    Authors: Prat Et al.
    J Neurosci  2009;5:e1000425
  132. Prediction and validation of a mechanism to control the threshold for inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    Authors: Kitagawa Et al.
    Mol Syst Biol  2009;5:280
  133. ATP-dependent infra-slow (0.1 Hz) oscillations in thalamic networks.
    Authors: Lörincz Et al.
    PLoS One  2009;4:e4447
  134. Role of spinal cord alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors in complete Freund's adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain.
    Authors: Park Et al.
    Mol Pain  2009;4:67
  135. Exchange and redistribution dynamics of the cytoskeleton of the active zone molecule bassoon.
    Authors: Tsuriel Et al.
    PLoS One  2009;29:351
  136. Novel repression of Kcc2 transcription by REST-RE-1 controls developmental switch in neuronal chloride.
    Authors: Yeo Et al.
    J Neurosci  2009;29:14652
  137. Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission: frequency-dependent modulation in the mesoventromedial projection.
    Authors: Chuhma Et al.
    Neuroscience  2009;164:1068
  138. Age- and gender-related differences in GABAA receptor-mediated postsynaptic currents in GABAergic neurons of the substantia nigra reticulata in the rat.
    Authors: Chudomel Et al.
    Neuroscience  2009;163:155
  139. Two distinct types of inhibition mediated by cartwheel cells in the dorsal cochlear nucleus.
    Authors: Mancilla
    J Neurophysiol  2009;102:1287
  140. Effects of striatal GABA A-receptor blockade on striatal and cortical activity in monkeys.
    Authors: Darbin and Wichmann
    Nat Neurosci  2008;99:1294
  141. Coupling of neural activity to blood flow in olfactory glomeruli is mediated by astrocytic pathways.
    Authors: Petzold Et al.
    Neuron  2008;58:897
  142. Integrin regulation of cytoplasmic calcium in excitatory neurons depends upon glutamate receptors and release from intracellular stores.
    Authors: Lin Et al.
    Cerebellum  2008;37:770
  143. Electrophysiology and pharmacology of striatal neuronal dysfunction induced by mitochondrial complex I inhibition.
    Authors: Costa Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:8040
  144. Recruitment of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors during synaptic potentiation is regulated by CaM-kinase I.
    Authors: Guire Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:6000
  145. Activity-induced synaptic capture and exocytosis of the neuronal serine protease neurotrypsin.
    Authors: Frischknecht Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:1568
  146. Glutamatergic transmission is sustained at a later period of development of medial nucleus of the trapezoid body-lateral superior olive synapses in circling mice.
    Authors: Hong Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:13003
  147. Synapsin IIa controls the reserve pool of glutamatergic synaptic vesicles.
    Authors: Gitler Et al.
    J Neurosci  2008;28:10835
  148. Ischemic insult to cerebellar Purkinje cells causes diminished GABAA receptor function and allopregnanolone neuroprotection is associated with GABAA receptor stabilization.
    Authors: Kelley Et al.
    J Neurochem  2008;107:668
  149. Activity-dependent phosphorylation of Ser187 is required for SNAP-25-negative modulation of neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels.
    Authors: Pozzi Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2008;105:323
  150. Muscarinic receptor activation elicits sustained, recurring depolarizations in reticulospinal neurons.
    Authors: Smetana Et al.
    J Neurophysiol  2007;97:3181
  151. Neuregulin-1 enhances depolarization-induced GABA release.
    Authors: Woo Et al.
    Neuron  2007;54:599
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    J Neurosci  2007;27:12221
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    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A  2007;104:353
  161. Properties of GluR3 receptors tagged with GFP at the amino or carboxyl terminus.
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    Front Neural Circuits  2007;104:15526
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    Mol Pharmacol  2006;70:2116
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    Neuropsychopharmacology  2006;31:988
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CNQX disodium salt

1045 14  
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0373 172  
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VersaClone cDNA Plasmids
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Human GluR6/GRIK2 (NP_068775) VersaClone cDNA

RDC0968
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Human KA1/GRIK4 (NP_055434) VersaClone cDNA

RDC0907
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RDC1220
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RDC1221
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Human GluR3 (NP_000819) VersaClone cDNA

RDC1135
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RDC1213
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RDC1113
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Human GluR1 (NP_001107655) VersaClone cDNA

RDC1110
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Human GluR5/GRIK1 (NP_000821) VersaClone cDNA

RDC0944
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Human KA2/GRIK5 (NP_002079) VersaClone cDNA

RDC0375
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RDC0266
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Human GRIN1/NMDAR1 (NP_015566) VersaClone cDNA

RDC1219
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