Potent AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist. Also antagonist at glycine modulatory site on NMDA receptor complex.
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Quinoxalinediones: potent competitive non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonists.
Honore et al.
Antagonism of synaptic potentials in ventral horn neurones by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione: a study in the rat spinal cord in vitro.
King et al.
Structure-activity relationships in the development of excitatory amino acid receptor agonists and competitive antagonists.
Watkins et al.
Effect of 6-cyano-2,3-dihydroxy-7-nitro-quinoxaline (CNQX) on dorsal root-, NMDA-, kainate and quisqualate-mediated depolarization of rat motoneurones in vitro.
Long et al.
The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for CNQX include:
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Feeding induced by cannabinoids is mediated independently of the melanocortin system. Authors: Sinnayah Et al. PLoS One ;3:e2202 Differential processing of thalamic information via distinct striatal interneuron circuits. Authors: Assous Nat Commun 2017;8:15860 Increased GABA B receptor signaling in a rat model for schizophrenia Authors: Selten Et al. Scientific Reports 2016;6:34240 A cholinergic basal forebrain feeding circuit modulates appetite suppression Authors: Herman Et al. Nature 2016;538:253 A pre-docking source for the power-law behavior of spontaneous quantal release: application to the analysis of LTP. Authors: Lamanna Et al. Cell Rep 2015;9:44 Dendritic morphology, synaptic transmission, and activity of mature granule cells born following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus in the rat. Authors: Gao Et al. Front Cell Neurosci 2015;9:384 Reduction in focal ictal activity following transplantation of MGE interneurons requires expression of the GABAA receptor α4 subunit. Authors: Jaiswal Et al. Cell Death Dis 2015;9:127 Functional changes in glutamate transporters and astrocyte biophysical properties in a rodent model of focal cortical dysplasia. Authors: Campbell Et al. Front Cell Neurosci 2015;8:425 LRP8-Reelin-Regulated Neuronal Enhancer Signature Underlying Learning and Memory Formation. Authors: Telese Et al. Neuron 2015;86:696 Calcium flux-independent NMDA receptor activity is required for Aβ oligomer-induced synaptic loss. Authors: Birnbaum Et al. PLoS One 2015;6:e1791 Brain ischemia downregulates the neuroprotective GDNF-Ret signaling by a calpain-dependent mechanism in cultured hippocampal neurons. Authors: Curcio Et al. Eneuro 2015;6:e1645 Wnt signalling tunes neurotransmitter release by directly targeting Synaptotagmin-1. Authors: Ciani Et al. Front Neurol 2015;6:8302 miR-26a and miR-384-5p are required for LTP maintenance and spine enlargement. Authors: Gu Et al. Nat Commun 2015;6:6789 Interactions of Human Autoantibodies with Hippocampal GABAergic Synaptic Transmission - Analyzing Antibody-Induced Effects ex vivo. Authors: Haselmann Et al. Cell Death Dis 2015;6:136 Nitric oxide targets oligodendrocytes and promotes their morphological differentiation. Authors: Garthwaite Et al. Front Cell Neurosci 2015;63:383 GABAergic disinhibition and impaired KCC2 cotransporter activity underlie tumor-associated epilepsy. Authors: Campbell Et al. Nat Commun 2015;63:23 AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae. Authors: Sengupta and Thirumalai J Neurophysiol 2015;4 Disruption of Fgf13 causes synaptic excitatory-inhibitory imbalance and genetic epilepsy and febrile seizures plus. Authors: Puranam Et al. J Neurosci 2015;35:8866 Developmental changes in synaptic distribution in arcuate nucleus neurons. Authors: Baquero Et al. Glia 2015;35:8558 Cholinergic control of γ power in the midbrain spatial attention network. Authors: Bryant Et al. J Neurosci 2015;35:761 Oligodendrocytes Are Targets of HIV-1 Tat: NMDA and AMPA Receptor-Mediated Effects on Survival and Development. Authors: Zou Et al. J Neurosci 2015;35:11384 Role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the excitatory-inhibitory imbalance during the critical period of postnatal respiratory development in the rat. Authors: Gao Et al. Physiol Rep 2015;3 TRPC3 channels critically regulate hippocampal excitability and contextual fear memory. Authors: Neuner Et al. Behav Brain Res 2015;281:69 Asynchronous GABA Release Is a Key Determinant of Tonic Inhibition and Controls Neuronal Excitability: A Study in the Synapsin II-/- Mouse. Authors: Medrihan Et al. Cereb Cortex 2015;25:3356 Selective Effects of PDE10A Inhibitors on Striatopallidal Neurons Require Phosphatase Inhibition by DARPP-32(1,2,3). Authors: Polito Et al. J Neurosci 2015;2 β-Arrestin-2 knockout prevents development of cellular μ-opioid receptor tolerance but does not affect opioid-withdrawal-related adaptations in single PAG neurons. Authors: Connor Et al. Elife 2015;172:492 Development and function of human cerebral cortex neural networks from pluripotent stem cells in vitro. Authors: Kirwan Et al. Development 2015;142:3178 An Amacrine Cell Circuit for Signaling Steady Illumination in the Retina. Authors: Jacoby Et al. Br J Pharmacol 2015;13:2663 Chloride Accumulators NKCC1 and AE2 in Mouse GnRH Neurons: Implications for GABAA Mediated Excitation. Authors: Taylor-Burds Et al. J Clin Invest 2015;10:e0131076 G-Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase 2 Minimally Regulates Melanopsin Activity in Intrinsically Photosensitive Retinal Ganglion Cells. Authors: Sexton and Gelder PLoS One 2015;10:e0128690 Presynaptic mechanisms of lead neurotoxicity: effects on vesicular release, vesicle clustering and mitochondria number. Authors: Zhang Et al. PLoS One 2015;10:e0127461 MARK/Par1 Kinase Is Activated Downstream of NMDA Receptors through a PKA-Dependent Mechanism. Authors: Bernard and Zhang PLoS One 2015;10:e0124816 Bursting reverberation as a multiscale neuronal network process driven by synaptic depression-facilitation. Authors: Duc Et al. J Neurosci 2015;10:e0124694 Postsynaptic target specific synaptic dysfunctions in the CA3 area of BACE1 knockout mice. Authors: Wang Et al. PLoS One 2014;9:e92279 Both neurons and astrocytes exhibited tetrodotoxin-resistant metabotropic glutamate receptor-dependent spontaneous slow Ca 2+ oscillations in striatum. Authors: Tamura Et al. PLoS One 2014;9:e85351 The Ca2+ sensor protein swiprosin-1/EFhd2 is present in neurites and involved in kinesin-mediated transport in neurons. Authors: Purohit Et al. J Biol Chem 2014;9:e103976 Dynamic properties of the alkaline vesicle population at hippocampal synapses. Authors: Röther Et al. PLoS One 2014;9:e102723 Interleukin-1β causes excitotoxic neurodegeneration and multiple sclerosis disease progression by activating the apoptotic protein p53. Authors: Rossi Et al. Mol Neurodegener 2014;9:56 Lamina-specific contribution of glutamatergic and GABAergic potentials to hippocampal sharp wave-ripple complexes. Authors: Schönberger Et al. J Neurosci 2014;8:103 Synaptic plasticity in glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission following chronic memantine treatment in an in vitro model of limbic epileptogenesis. Authors: He and Bausch Neuropharmacology 2014;77:379 Lactate-mediated glia-neuronal signalling in the mammalian brain. Authors: Tang Et al. Nat Commun 2014;5:3284 Generation of induced neuronal cells by the single reprogramming factor ASCL1. Authors: Chanda Et al. Stem Cell Reports 2014;3:282 Genetic elimination of GABAergic neurotransmission reveals two distinct pacemakers for spontaneous waves of activity in the developing mouse cortex. Authors: Easton Et al. J Neurosci 2014;34:3854 GluA1 phosphorylation contributes to postsynaptic amplification of neuropathic pain in the insular cortex. Authors: Qiu Et al. J Neurosci 2014;34:13505 Accumulation of GABAergic neurons, causing a focal ambient GABA gradient, and downregulation of KCC2 are induced during microgyrus formation in a mouse model of polymicrogyria. Authors: Wang Et al. Cereb Cortex 2014;24:1088 Isoliquiritigenin, a chalcone compound, enhances spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic response. Authors: Woo Et al. Exp Neurobiol 2014;23:163 Distinct temporal expression of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors on cerebellar granule cells in mice. Authors: Oostland Et al. J Neurophysiol 2014;13:491 Deranged NMDAergic cortico-subthalamic transmission underlies parkinsonian motor deficits. Authors: Pan Et al. Eur J Neurosci 2014;124:4629 GPR35 activation reduces Ca 2+ transients and contributes to the kynurenic acid-dependent reduction of synaptic activity at CA3-CA1 synapses. Authors: Berlinguer-Palmini Et al. PLoS One 2013;8:e82180 Hyperactivity of ON-type retinal ganglion cells in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Authors: Yu Et al. PLoS One 2013;8:e76049 Region-specific integration of embryonic stem cell-derived neuronal precursors into a pre-existing neuronal circuit. Authors: Neuser Et al. PLoS One 2013;8:e66497 NMDA-receptor activation but not ion flux is required for amyloid-β induced synaptic depression. Authors: Tamburri Et al. PLoS One 2013;8:e65350 In vivo optogenetic tracing of functional corticocortical connections between motor forelimb areas. Authors: Hira Et al. J Neurosci 2013;7:55 β-Noradrenergic receptor activation specifically modulates the generation of sighs in vivo and in vitro. Authors: Viemari Et al. EMBO J 2013;7:179 Cortical interneurons that specialize in disinhibitory control. Authors: Pi Et al. Nature 2013;503:521 Synapsin II desynchronizes neurotransmitter release at inhibitory synapses by interacting with presynaptic calcium channels. Authors: Medrihan Et al. Nat Commun 2013;4:1512 Axonal translation of β-catenin regulates synaptic vesicle dynamics. Authors: Taylor Et al. J Neurosci 2013;33:5584 Postnatal loss of P/Q-type channels confined to rhombic-lip-derived neurons alters synaptic transmission at the parallel fiber to purkinje cell synapse and replicates genomic Cacna1a mutation phenotype of ataxia and seizures in mice. Authors: Maejima Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013;33:5162 An essential role for inhibitor-2 regulation of protein phosphatase-1 in synaptic scaling. Authors: Siddoway Et al. J Neurophysiol 2013;33:11206 Extracellular signal-regulated kinase and glycogen synthase kinase 3β regulate gephyrin postsynaptic aggregation and GABAergic synaptic function in a calpain-dependent mechanism. Authors: Tyagarajan Et al. J Biol Chem 2013;288:9634 Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation controls cell surface expression of γ-aminobutyric acid, type B receptors. Authors: Zemoura Et al. J Biol Chem 2013;288:34897 Long-term potentiation of excitatory synaptic strength in spinothalamic tract neurons of the rat spinal cord. Authors: Hur and Park Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2013;17:553 Regulation of ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase by NMDA-receptor-induced seizure activity in cortical slices. Authors: Yamagata Et al. Brain Res 2013;1507:1 Independent circuits in the basal ganglia for the evaluation and selection of actions. Authors: Stephenson-Jones Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013;110:E3670 Synaptic and extrasynaptic transmission of kidney-related neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Authors: Gao and Derbenev J Neurophysiol 2013;110:2637 Neurons generated by direct conversion of fibroblasts reproduce synaptic phenotype caused by autism-associated neuroligin-3 mutation. Authors: Chanda Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013;110:16622 Synaptic and extrasynaptic plasticity in glutamatergic circuits involving dentate granule cells following chronic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor inhibition. Authors: He Et al. J Neurophysiol 2013;109:1535 Lovastatin modulates glycogen synthase kinase-3β pathway and inhibits mossy fiber sprouting after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus. Authors: Lee Et al. Neurochem Int 2012;7:e38789 Activity-induced remodeling of olfactory bulb microcircuits revealed by monosynaptic tracing. Authors: Arenkiel Et al. PLoS One 2012;6:e29423 Opposing Effects of Intrinsic Conductance and Correlated Synaptic Input on V-Fluctuations during Network Activity. Authors: Kolind Et al. Front Comput Neurosci 2012;6:40 Increased Kv1 channel expression may contribute to decreased sIPSC frequency following chronic inhibition of NR2B-containing NMDAR. Authors: He Et al. Neuropsychopharmacology 2012;37:1338 Optimization of a GCaMP calcium indicator for neural activity imaging. Authors: Akerboom Et al. J Neurosci 2012;32:13819 K+ depolarization evokes ATP, adenosine and glutamate release from glia in rat hippocampus: a microelectrode biosensor study. Authors: Heinrich Et al. Br J Pharmacol 2012;167:1003 Altered neurotransmitter release, vesicle recycling and presynaptic structure in the pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Authors: Upreti Et al. Brain 2012;135:869 Functional refinement in the projection from ventral cochlear nucleus to lateral superior olive precedes hearing onset in rat. Authors: Case Et al. PLoS One 2011;6:e20756 Capsaicin-induced changes in LTP in the lateral amygdala are mediated by TRPV1. Authors: Zschenderlein Et al. PLoS One 2011;6:e16116 11-Deoxycortisol impedes GABAergic neurotransmission and induces drug-resistant status epilepticus in mice. Authors: Kaminski Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2011;60:1098 Enhanced Synaptic Activity and Epileptiform Events in the Embryonic KCC2 Deficient Hippocampus. Authors: Khalilov Et al. Front Cell Neurosci 2011;5:23 Profound desensitization by ambient GABA limits activation of δ-containing GABAA receptors during spillover. Authors: Bright Et al. J Neurosci 2011;31:753 Homeostatic synaptic plasticity through changes in presynaptic calcium influx. Authors: Zhao Et al. Hear Res 2011;31:7492 Delayed postnatal loss of P/Q-type calcium channels recapitulates the absence epilepsy, dyskinesia, and ataxia phenotypes of genomic Cacna1a mutations. Authors: Mark Et al. J Neurosci 2011;31:4311 Attenuating GABA(A) receptor signaling in dopamine neurons selectively enhances reward learning and alters risk preference in mice. Authors: Parker Et al. J Neurosci 2011;31:17103 Extensive remodeling of the presynaptic cytomatrix upon homeostatic adaptation to network activity silencing. Authors: Lazarevic Et al. J Neurosci 2011;31:10189 Positive feedback regulation between γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor signaling and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release in developing neurons. Authors: Porcher Et al. Front Neural Circuits 2011;286:21667 Lateral superior olive function in congenital deafness. Authors: Couchman Et al. J Neurosci 2011;277:163 Exposure of neurons to excitotoxic levels of glutamate induces cleavage of the RNA editing enzyme, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 2, and loss of GLUR2 editing. Authors: Mahajan Et al. Neuroscience 2011;189:305 Inflammation alters trafficking of extrasynaptic AMPA receptors in tonically firing lamina II neurons of the rat spinal dorsal horn. Authors: Kopach Et al. Pain 2011;152:912 Suppression of PKR promotes network excitability and enhanced cognition by interferon-γ-mediated disinhibition. Authors: Zhu Et al. Cell 2011;147:1384 Leptin does not directly affect CNS serotonin neurons to influence appetite. Authors: Lam Et al. Cell Metab 2011;13:584 Expression and functional properties of TRPM2 channels in dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra of the rat. Authors: Chung Et al. Front Neural Circuits 2011;106:2865 A new mechanism for antiepileptic drug action: vesicular entry may mediate the effects of levetiracetam. Authors: Meehan Et al. J Biol Chem 2011;106:1227 CB1 modulation of temporally distinct synaptic facilitation among local circuit interneurons mediated by N-type calcium channels in CA1. Authors: Ali J Neurophysiol 2011;105:1051 Systematic heterogeneity of fractional vesicle pool sizes and release rates of hippocampal synapses. Authors: Welzel Et al. Biophys J 2011;100:593 SV2 mediates entry of tetanus neurotoxin into central neurons. Authors: Yeh Et al. PLoS Pathog 2010;6:e1001207 Synapse clusters are preferentially formed by synapses with large recycling pool sizes. Authors: Welzel Et al. PLoS One 2010;5:e13514 Tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues modulates the mouse hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis via paraventricular glutamatergic neurons. Authors: Dimitrov and Usdin J Comp Neurol 2010;518:4375 Substance P modulation of TRPC3/7 channels improves respiratory rhythm regularity and ICAN-dependent pacemaker activity. Authors: Ben-Mabrouk and Tryba Front Cell Neurosci 2010;31:1219 Selective T-type calcium channel block in thalamic neurons reveals channel redundancy and physiological impact of I(T)window. Authors: Dreyfus Et al. J Neurosci 2010;30:99 Canonical TGF-beta signaling is required for the balance of excitatory/inhibitory transmission within the hippocampus and prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle. Authors: Sun Et al. J Neurosci 2010;30:6025 Dopamine-dependent tuning of striatal inhibitory synaptogenesis. Authors: Goffin Et al. J Neurosci 2010;30:2935 GABAergic synaptic scaling in embryonic motoneurons is mediated by a shift in the chloride reversal potential. Authors: Gonzalez-Islas Et al. J Neurosci 2010;30:13016 Cannabinoids excite circadian clock neurons. Authors: Acuna-Goycolea Et al. J Neurosci 2010;30:10061 Substitution of 5-HT1A receptor signaling by a light-activated G protein-coupled receptor. Authors: Oh Et al. J Neurosci 2010;285:30825 Glutamate co-release at GABA/glycinergic synapses is crucial for the refinement of an inhibitory map. Authors: Noh Et al. Neuropharmacology 2010;13:232 High precision and fast functional mapping of cortical circuitry through a novel combination of voltage sensitive dye imaging and laser scanning photostimulation. Authors: Xu Et al. J Neurophysiol 2010;103:2301 Na+ mechanism of delta-opioid receptor induced protection from anoxic K+ leakage in the cortex. Authors: Chao Et al. Cell Mol Life Sci 2009;66:1105 Mutation of the protein kinase C site in borna disease virus phosphoprotein abrogates viral interference with neuronal signaling and restores normal synaptic activity. Authors: Prat Et al. J Neurosci 2009;5:e1000425 Prediction and validation of a mechanism to control the threshold for inhibitory synaptic plasticity. Authors: Kitagawa Et al. Mol Syst Biol 2009;5:280 Exchange and redistribution dynamics of the cytoskeleton of the active zone molecule bassoon. Authors: Tsuriel Et al. PLoS One 2009;29:351 Novel repression of Kcc2 transcription by REST-RE-1 controls developmental switch in neuronal chloride. Authors: Yeo Et al. J Neurosci 2009;29:14652 Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission: frequency-dependent modulation in the mesoventromedial projection. Authors: Chuhma Et al. Neuroscience 2009;164:1068 Age- and gender-related differences in GABAA receptor-mediated postsynaptic currents in GABAergic neurons of the substantia nigra reticulata in the rat. Authors: Chudomel Et al. Neuroscience 2009;163:155 Effects of striatal GABA A-receptor blockade on striatal and cortical activity in monkeys. Authors: Darbin and Wichmann Nat Neurosci 2008;99:1294 Coupling of neural activity to blood flow in olfactory glomeruli is mediated by astrocytic pathways. Authors: Petzold Et al. Neuron 2008;58:897 Integrin regulation of cytoplasmic calcium in excitatory neurons depends upon glutamate receptors and release from intracellular stores. Authors: Lin Et al. Cerebellum 2008;37:770 Electrophysiology and pharmacology of striatal neuronal dysfunction induced by mitochondrial complex I inhibition. Authors: Costa Et al. J Neurosci 2008;28:8040 Recruitment of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors during synaptic potentiation is regulated by CaM-kinase I. Authors: Guire Et al. J Neurosci 2008;28:6000 Activity-induced synaptic capture and exocytosis of the neuronal serine protease neurotrypsin. Authors: Frischknecht Et al. J Neurosci 2008;28:1568 Glutamatergic transmission is sustained at a later period of development of medial nucleus of the trapezoid body-lateral superior olive synapses in circling mice. Authors: Hong Et al. J Neurosci 2008;28:13003 Synapsin IIa controls the reserve pool of glutamatergic synaptic vesicles. Authors: Gitler Et al. J Neurosci 2008;28:10835 Activity-dependent phosphorylation of Ser187 is required for SNAP-25-negative modulation of neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels. Authors: Pozzi Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2008;105:323 Muscarinic receptor activation elicits sustained, recurring depolarizations in reticulospinal neurons. Authors: Smetana Et al. J Neurophysiol 2007;97:3181 Neuregulin-1 enhances depolarization-induced GABA release. Authors: Woo Et al. Neuron 2007;54:599 AMPAR exocytosis through NO modulation of PICK1. Authors: Sossa Et al. Neuropharmacology 2007;53:92 Calpain-mediated mGluR1alpha truncation: a key step in excitotoxicity. Authors: Xu Et al. Neuron 2007;53:399 N-arachidonoyl-dopamine tunes synaptic transmission onto dopaminergic neurons by activating both cannabinoid and vanilloid receptors. Authors: Marinelli Et al. Neuropsychopharmacology 2007;32:298 Lack of synapsin I reduces the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles at central inhibitory synapses. Authors: Baldelli Et al. J Neurosci 2007;27:13520 Activity-dependent synaptic plasticity in retinal ganglion cells. Authors: Xia Et al. J Neurosci 2007;27:12221 Amyloid precursor protein overexpression depresses excitatory transmission through both presynaptic and postsynaptic mechanisms. Authors: Ting Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;104:353 Properties of GluR3 receptors tagged with GFP at the amino or carboxyl terminus. Authors: Limon Et al. Front Neural Circuits 2007;104:15526 Chronic ethanol exposure and protracted abstinence alter NMDA receptors in central amygdala. Authors: Roberto Et al. Neuropsychopharmacology 2006;31:988 Ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonism attenuates cue-induced cocaine seeking. Authors: Bäckström and Hyytiä Neuropsychopharmacology 2006;31:778 Glutamatergic Control of Microvascular Tone by Distinct GABA Neurons in the Cerebellum. Authors: Rancillac Et al. J Neurosci 2006;26:6997 Direct GABAergic and glycinergic inhibition of the substantia gelatinosa from the rostral ventromedial medulla revealed by in vivo patch-clamp analysis in rats. Authors: Kato Et al. J Neurosci 2006;26:1787 Differential reelin-induced enhancement of NMDA and AMPA receptor activity in the adult hippocampus. Authors: Qiu Et al. J Neurosci 2006;26:12943 NR2B tyrosine phosphorylation modulates fear learning as well as amygdaloid synaptic plasticity. Authors: Nakazawa Et al. Biophys J 2006;25:2867 NMDA receptor mediates tau-induced neurotoxicity by calpain and ERK/MAPK activation. Authors: Amadoro Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006;103:2892 GAT-3 transporters regulate inhibition in the neocortex. Authors: Kinney Mol Cell Neurosci 2005;94:4533 Corticosterone slowly enhances miniature excitatory postsynaptic current amplitude in mice CA1 hippocampal cells. Authors: Karst and Joels J Neurosci 2005;94:3479 Strong effects of subphysiological temperature on the function and plasticity of mammalian presynaptic terminals. Authors: Micheva and Smith J Neurophysiol 2005;25:7481 Reelin, very-low-density lipoprotein receptor, and apolipoprotein E receptor 2 control somatic NMDA receptor composition during hippocampal maturation in vitro. Authors: Sinagra Et al. PLoS One 2005;25:6127 Propofol suppresses synaptic responsiveness of somatosensory relay neurons to excitatory input by potentiating GABA(A) receptor chloride channels. Authors: Ying and Goldstein Mol Pain 2005;1:2 Properties of external plexiform layer interneurons in mouse olfactory bulb slices. Authors: Hamilton Et al. Neuroscience 2005;133:819 Opioid-like actions of neuropeptide Y in rat substantia gelatinosa: Y1 suppression of inhibition and Y2 suppression of excitation. Authors: Moran Et al. J Neurophysiol 2004;92:3266 Electrophysiological, pharmacological, and molecular evidence for alpha7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in rat midbrain dopamine neurons. Authors: Wu Et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2004;311:80 Tonotopic gradients of membrane and synaptic properties for neurons of the chicken nucleus magnocellularis. Authors: Fukui and Ohmori PLoS One 2004;24:7514 Metabotropic regulation of intrinsic excitability by synaptic activation of kainate receptors. Authors: Melyan Et al. J Neurosci 2004;24:4530 Astrocyte-mediated activation of neuronal kainate receptors. Authors: Liu Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2004;101:3172 Distinct roles of P2X receptors in modulating glutamate release at different primary sensory synapses in rat spinal cord. Authors: Nakatsuka Et al. J Neurophysiol 2003;89:3243 Direct interaction and functional coupling between metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 and voltage-sensitive Cav2.1 Ca2+ channel. Authors: Kitano Et al. J Biol Chem 2003;278:25101 Separable features of visual cortical plasticity revealed by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2A signaling. Authors: Fagiolini Et al. J Neurophysiol 2003;100:2854 A novel positive allosteric modulator of the GABA(A) receptor: the action of (+)-ROD188. Authors: Thomet Et al. Br J Pharmacol 2000;131:843 Developmental regulation of spine motility in the mammalian central nervous system. Authors: Dunaevsky Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1999;96:13438 Mice deficient for prion protein exhibit normal neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. Authors: Lledo Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1996;93:2403 Refinement of odor molecule tuning by dendrodendritic synaptic inhibition in the olfactory bulb. Authors: Yokoi Et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1995;92:3371 Concentration-jump analysis of voltage-dependent conductances activated by glutamate and kainate in neurons of the avian cochlear nucleus. Authors: Raman and Trussell PLoS Pathog 1995;69:1868 Calcium transients in dendrites of neocortical neurons evoked by single subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials via low-voltage-activated calcium channels. Authors: Markram and Sakmann Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1994;91:5207
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