NBQX (CAS 118876-58-7): R&D Systems
Catalog Number: 0373
Chemical Name: 2,3-Dioxo-6-nitro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrobenzo[f]quinoxaline-7-sulfonamide
Biological Activity
Potent, selective and competitive AMPA receptor antagonist. Neuroprotective and anticonvulsant; active in vivo. NBQX disodium salt (Cat. No. 1044) also available.
Technical Data
  • M.Wt:
    336.28
  • Formula:
    C12H8N4O6S
  • Solubility:
    Soluble to 100 mM in DMSO
  • Purity:
    >98%
  • Storage:
    Store at RT
  • CAS No:
    118876-58-7
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis. All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Additional Information
Licensing Caveats:
Sold with the permission of Novo Nordisk A/S
Other Product-Specific Information:
Background References
  1. The neuroprotective actions of 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo(f)quinoxaline (NBQX) in a rat focal ischaemia model.
    Gill et al.
    Brain Res., 1992;580:35
  2. Antiepileptogenic and anticonvulsant effects of NBQX, a selective AMPA receptor antagonist, in the rat kindling model of epilepsy.
    Namba et al.
    Brain Res., 1994;638:36
  3. The pharmacology of AMPA receptors and their antagonists.
    Sheardown et al.
    Stroke, 1993;24:146
  4. Pharmacological characterization of non-NMDA subtypes of glutamate receptors in the neonatal rat hemisected spinal cord in vitro.
    Zeman and Lodg
    Br.J.Pharmacol., 1992;106:367
Citations:

The citations listed below are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for NBQX include:

143 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. Pharmacological analysis of ionotropic glutamate receptor function in neuronal circuits of the zebrafish olfactory bulb.
    Authors: Tabor and Friedrich
    PLoS One ;3:e1416
  2. Dopamine D4 receptor activation restores CA1 LTP in hippocampal slices from aged mice.
    Authors: Guo
    Aging Cell 2017;16(6):1323
  3. Toll-like receptor 4 deficiency alters nucleus accumbens synaptic physiology and drug reward behavior.
    Authors: Kashima and Grueter
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114(33):8865
  4. Presynaptic GABAB receptors reduce transmission at parabrachial synapses in the lateral central amygdala by inhibiting N-type calcium channels.
    Authors: Delaney and Crane
    Sci Rep 2016;6:19255
  5. Activation of Muscarinic M1 Acetylcholine Receptors Induces Long-Term Potentiation in the Hippocampus.
    Authors: Dennis Et al.
    J Neurosci 2016;26:414
  6. Norepinephrine Modulates Pyramidal Cell Synaptic Properties in the Anterior Piriform Cortex of Mice: Age-Dependent Effects of β-adrenoceptors.
    Authors: Ghosh Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2015;9:450
  7. AMPA Receptor-mTOR Activation is Required for the Antidepressant-Like Effects of Sarcosine during the Forced Swim Test in Rats: Insertion of AMPA Receptor may Play a Role.
    Authors: Chen Et al.
    Front Behav Neurosci 2015;9:162
  8. Calcium current homeostasis and synaptic deficits in hippocampal neurons from Kelch-like 1 knockout mice.
    Authors: Perissinotti Et al.
    Elife 2015;8:444
  9. Co-release of glutamate and GABA from single vesicles in GABAergic neurons exogenously expressing VGLUT3.
    Authors: Zimmermann Et al.
    J Neurosci 2015;7:16
  10. Optical control of NMDA receptors with a diffusible photoswitch.
    Authors: Laprell Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci 2015;6:8076
  11. The Chemokine MIP-1α/CCL3 impairs mouse hippocampal synaptic transmission, plasticity and memory.
    Authors: Marciniak Et al.
    Front Synaptic Neurosci 2015;5:15862
  12. A simple retinal mechanism contributes to perceptual interactions between rod- and cone-mediated responses in primates.
    Authors: Grimes Et al.
    Elife 2015;4
  13. Corelease of acetylcholine and GABA from cholinergic forebrain neurons.
    Authors: Saunders Et al.
    Cereb Cortex 2015;4
  14. Involvement of adrenoceptors, dopamine receptors and AMPA receptors in antidepressant-like action of 7-O-ethylfangchinoline in mice.
    Authors: Sheng Et al.
    Acta Pharmacol Sin 2015;36:949
  15. BK Channels Localize to the Paranodal Junction and Regulate Action Potentials in Myelinated Axons of Cerebellar Purkinje Cells.
    Authors: Hirono Et al.
    Brain Res 2015;35:7082
  16. Activation of corticostriatal circuitry relieves chronic neuropathic pain.
    Authors: Lee Et al.
    Physiol Rep 2015;35:5247
  17. Dual-channel circuit mapping reveals sensorimotor convergence in the primary motor cortex.
    Authors: Hooks Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci 2015;35:4418
  18. Loss of Local Astrocyte Support Disrupts Action Potential Propagation and Glutamate Release Synchrony from Unmyelinated Hippocampal Axon Terminals In Vitro.
    Authors: Sobieski Et al.
    PLoS One 2015;35:11105
  19. Afterhyperpolarization (AHP) regulates the frequency and timing of action potentials in the mitral cells of the olfactory bulb: role of olfactory experience.
    Authors: Duménieu Et al.
    Sci Rep 2015;3
  20. Impact of subanesthetic doses of ketamine on AMPA-mediated responses in rats: An in vivo electrophysiological study on monoaminergic and glutamatergic neurons.
    Authors: Iskandrani Et al.
    Stroke 2015;29:792
  21. Functional α7 nicotinic receptors are expressed on immature granule cells of the postnatal dentate gyrus.
    Authors: John Et al.
    J Neurosci 2015;1601:15
  22. Functional cortical neurons and astrocytes from human pluripotent stem cells in 3D culture.
    Authors: Pasca Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci 2015;12:671
  23. Tectal microcircuit generating visual selection commands on gaze-controlling neurons.
    Authors: Kardamakis Et al.
    J Neurosci 2015;112:E1956
  24. The effect of desflurane on neuronal communication at a central synapse.
    Authors: Mapelli Et al.
    Nat Commun 2015;10:e0123534
  25. HSF1 transcriptional activity mediates alcohol induction of Vamp2 expression and GABA release.
    Authors: Varodayan and Harrison
    J Neurosci 2014;7:89
  26. Imaging intraorganellar Ca2+ at subcellular resolution using CEPIA.
    Authors: Suzuki Et al.
    Nat Commun 2014;5:4153
  27. Cross-synaptic synchrony and transmission of signal and noise across the mouse retina.
    Authors: Grimes Et al.
    Elife 2014;3:e03892
  28. Fast retrieval and autonomous regulation of single spontaneously recycling synaptic vesicles.
    Authors: Leitz and Kavalali
    Elife 2014;3:e03658
  29. Repeated binge-like ethanol drinking alters ethanol drinking patterns and depresses striatal GABAergic transmission.
    Authors: Wilcox Et al.
    Neuropsychopharmacology 2014;39:579
  30. Glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in neurons and astrocytes during network activity in hippocampal slices.
    Authors: Ivanov Et al.
    J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2014;34:397
  31. A novel mechanism for nicotinic potentiation of glutamatergic synapses.
    Authors: Halff Et al.
    J Neurosci 2014;34:2051
  32. Modulation of neuronal microcircuit activities within the medial prefrontal cortex by mGluR5 positive allosteric modulator.
    Authors: Pollard Et al.
    J Psychopharmacol 2014;28:935
  33. Rac1 and rac3 GTPases control synergistically the development of cortical and hippocampal GABAergic interneurons.
    Authors: Vaghi Et al.
    Cereb Cortex 2014;24:1247
  34. CaMKII phosphorylation of neuroligin-1 regulates excitatory synapses.
    Authors: Bemben Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2014;17:56
  35. hPSC-derived maturing GABAergic interneurons ameliorate seizures and abnormal behavior in epileptic mice.
    Authors: Cunningham Et al.
    Cell Stem Cell 2014;15:559
  36. Type 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu1) trigger the gating of GluD2 δ glutamate receptors.
    Authors: Ady Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2014;15:103
  37. Depressed GABA and glutamate synaptic signaling by 5-HT1A receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarii and their role in cardiorespiratory function.
    Authors: Ostrowski Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2014;111:2493
  38. Synaptic NMDA receptor-dependent Ca2+ entry drives membrane potential and Ca2+ oscillations in spinal ventral horn neurons.
    Authors: Alpert and
    PLoS One 2013;8:e63154
  39. Contribution of NMDA receptor hypofunction in prefrontal and cortical excitatory neurons to schizophrenia-like phenotypes.
    Authors: Rompala Et al.
    J Neurosci 2013;8:e61278
  40. Different transporter systems regulate extracellular GABA from vesicular and non-vesicular sources.
    Authors: Song Et al.
    Front Cell Neurosci 2013;7:23
  41. Intersecting circuits generate precisely patterned retinal waves.
    Authors: Akrouh and Kerschensteiner
    Neuron 2013;79:322
  42. Protein tyrosine phosphatase α in the dorsomedial striatum promotes excessive ethanol-drinking behaviors.
    Authors: Hamida Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2013;33:14369
  43. Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure reduces plasticity and alters NMDA receptor subunit composition in the dentate gyrus.
    Authors: Brady Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013;33:1062
  44. Activity-regulated somatostatin expression reduces dendritic spine density and lowers excitatory synaptic transmission via postsynaptic somatostatin receptor 4.
    Authors: Hou and Yu
    J Biol Chem 2013;288:2501
  45. Behavioural and functional characterization of Kv10.1 (Eag1) knockout mice.
    Authors: Ufartes Et al.
    Hum Mol Genet 2013;22:2247
  46. The adhesion protein IgSF9b is coupled to neuroligin 2 via S-SCAM to promote inhibitory synapse development.
    Authors: Woo Et al.
    J Cell Biol 2013;201:929
  47. Physiological release of endogenous tau is stimulated by neuronal activity.
    Authors: Pooler Et al.
    J Neuroimmunol 2013;14:389
  48. Neural progenitors organize in small-world networks to promote cell proliferation.
    Authors: Malmersjö Et al.
    J Neurosci 2013;110:E1524
  49. S-nitrosylation of AMPA receptor GluA1 regulates phosphorylation, single-channel conductance, and endocytosis.
    Authors: Selvakumar Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2013;110:1077
  50. AMPA/kainate glutamate receptors contribute to inflammation, degeneration and pain related behaviour in inflammatory stages of arthritis.
    Authors: Bonnet Et al.
    Ann Rheum Dis 2013;
  51. Differential requirement for protein synthesis in presynaptic unmuting and muting in hippocampal glutamate terminals.
    Authors: Crawford Et al.
    PLoS One 2012;7:e51930
  52. Olfactory bulb glomerular NMDA receptors mediate olfactory nerve potentiation and odor preference learning in the neonate rat.
    Authors: Lethbridge Et al.
    J Neurosci 2012;7:e35024
  53. Consolidation of remote fear memories involves Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH) receptor type 1-mediated enhancement of AMPA receptor GluR1 signaling in the dentate gyrus.
    Authors: Thoeringer Et al.
    J Neuroimmunol 2012;37:787
  54. β-Estradiol unmasks metabotropic receptor-mediated metaplasticity of NMDA receptor transmission in the female rat dentate gyrus.
    Authors: Nebieridze Et al.
    Psychoneuroendocrinology 2012;37:1845
  55. Mixed electrical-chemical transmission between hippocampal mossy fibers and pyramidal cells.
    Authors: Vivar Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci 2012;35:76
  56. Presynaptic Cav3.2 channels regulate excitatory neurotransmission in nociceptive dorsal horn neurons.
    Authors: Jacus Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012;32:9374
  57. Alteration of synaptic network dynamics by the intellectual disability protein PAK3.
    Authors: Dubos Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci 2012;32:519
  58. Glutamate controls tPA recycling by astrocytes, which in turn influences glutamatergic signals.
    Authors: Cassé Et al.
    J Neurosci 2012;32:5186
  59. Lack of kinase regulation of canonical transient receptor potential 3 (TRPC3) channel-dependent currents in cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    Authors: Nelson and Glitsch
    PLoS One 2012;287:6326
  60. Essential role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the regulation of serotonin transmission in the basolateral amygdala.
    Authors: Daftary Et al.
    Neuroscience 2012;224:125
  61. Heterogeneous reallocation of presynaptic efficacy in recurrent excitatory circuits adapting to inactivity.
    Authors: Mitra Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2012;15:250
  62. Focal adhesion kinase regulates actin nucleation and neuronal filopodia formation during axonal growth.
    Authors: Chacón Et al.
    Dev Neurobiol 2012;139:3200
  63. Development of NMDA NR2 subunits and their roles in critical period maturation of neocortical GABAergic interneurons.
    Authors: Zhang and Sun
    Neuropsychopharmacology 2011;71:221
  64. Synaptic responses evoked by tactile stimuli in Purkinje cells in mouse cerebellar cortex Crus II in vivo.
    Authors: Chu Et al.
    PLoS One 2011;6:e22752
  65. Cholinergic interneurons mediate fast VGluT3-dependent glutamatergic transmission in the striatum.
    Authors: Higley Et al.
    PLoS One 2011;6:e19155
  66. Sleep-deprivation regulates α-2 adrenergic responses of rat hypocretin/orexin neurons.
    Authors: Uschakov Et al.
    PLoS One 2011;6:e16672
  67. Cannabinoids attenuate hippocampal γ oscillations by suppressing excitatory synaptic input onto CA3 pyramidal neurons and fast spiking basket cells.
    Authors: Holderith Et al.
    Eur J Neurosci 2011;589:4921
  68. Calcium-independent inhibitory G-protein signaling induces persistent presynaptic muting of hippocampal synapses.
    Authors: Crawford Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2011;31:979
  69. NMDA receptor signaling in oligodendrocyte progenitors is not required for oligodendrogenesis and myelination.
    Authors: Biase Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2011;31:12650
  70. An autism-associated point mutation in the neuroligin cytoplasmic tail selectively impairs AMPA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission in hippocampus.
    Authors: Etherton Et al.
    EMBO J 2011;30:2908
  71. Quantal amplitude at the cone ribbon synapse can be adjusted by changes in cytosolic glutamate.
    Authors: Bartoletti and Thoreson
    Mol Vis 2011;17:920
  72. Developmental maturation of excitation and inhibition balance in principal neurons across four layers of somatosensory cortex.
    Authors: Zhang Et al.
    J Neurosci 2011;174:45931
  73. Inflammation alters trafficking of extrasynaptic AMPA receptors in tonically firing lamina II neurons of the rat spinal dorsal horn.
    Authors: Kopach Et al.
    Pain 2011;152:912
  74. Distinct functions of kainate receptors in the brain are determined by the auxiliary subunit Neto1.
    Authors: Straub Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2011;14:866
  75. Ca(2+)-dependent enhancement of release by subthreshold somatic depolarization.
    Authors: Christie Et al.
    Nat Neurosci 2011;14:62
  76. The Etv1/Er81 transcription factor orchestrates activity-dependent gene regulation in the terminal maturation program of cerebellar granule cells.
    Authors: Abe Et al.
    Neuroscience 2011;108:12497
  77. Nociceptive stimulation induces expression of Arc/Arg3.1 in the spinal cord with a preference for neurons containing enkephalin.
    Authors: Hossaini Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010;6:43
  78. Facilitation of long-term potentiation by muscarinic M(1) receptors is mediated by inhibition of SK channels.
    Authors: Buchanan Et al.
    Neuron 2010;68:948
  79. Control of cerebellar long-term potentiation by P-Rex-family guanine-nucleotide exchange factors and phosphoinositide 3-kinase.
    Authors: Jackson Et al.
    PLoS One 2010;5:e11962
  80. High-Pass Filtering and Dynamic Gain Regulation Enhance Vertical Bursts Transmission along the Mossy Fiber Pathway of Cerebellum.
    Authors: Mapelli Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010;4:14
  81. Selected SALM (synaptic adhesion-like molecule) family proteins regulate synapse formation.
    Authors: Mah Et al.
    J Physiol 2010;30:5559
  82. Different relationship of N- and P/Q-type Ca2+ channels to channel-interacting slots in controlling neurotransmission at cultured hippocampal synapses.
    Authors: Cao and Tsien
    J Neurosci 2010;30:4536
  83. Excitability and synaptic communication within the oligodendrocyte lineage.
    Authors: Biase Et al.
    J Neurosci 2010;30:3600
  84. Postsynaptic spiking homeostatically induces cell-autonomous regulation of inhibitory inputs via retrograde signaling.
    Authors: Peng Et al.
    J Neurosci 2010;30:16220
  85. Rapid activation of dormant presynaptic terminals by phorbol esters.
    Authors: Chang Et al.
    J Neurosci 2010;30:10048
  86. Contribution of the d-Serine-Dependent Pathway to the Cellular Mechanisms Underlying Cognitive Aging.
    Authors: Potier Et al.
    Front Aging Neurosci 2010;2:1
  87. Effect of hypoxia on expiratory muscle activity in fetal sheep.
    Authors: Bissonnette Et al.
    Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2010;171:110
  88. Competitive regulation of synaptic Ca2+ influx by D2 dopamine and A2A adenosine receptors.
    Authors: Higley and Sabatini
    Nat Neurosci 2010;13:958
  89. A dynamic role for GABA receptors on the firing pattern of midbrain dopaminergic neurons.
    Authors: Lobb Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2010;104:403
  90. Combinatorial responses controlled by synaptic inhibition in the cerebellum granular layer.
    Authors: Mapelli Et al.
    Neuropharmacology 2010;103:250
  91. Characterization of engineered channelrhodopsin variants with improved properties and kinetics.
    Authors: Lin Et al.
    Biophys J 2009;96:1803
  92. Enhanced excitatory transmission at cortical synapses as the basis for facilitated spreading depression in Ca(v)2.1 knockin migraine mice.
    Authors: Tottene Et al.
    Neuron 2009;61:762
  93. Specific synapses develop preferentially among sister excitatory neurons in the neocortex.
    Authors: Yu Et al.
    EMBO Rep 2009;458:501
  94. NMDA receptors regulate nicotine-enhanced brain reward function and intravenous nicotine self-administration: role of the ventral tegmental area and central nucleus of the amygdala.
    Authors: Kenny Et al.
    Neuropsychopharmacology 2009;34:266
  95. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor- and metabotropic glutamate receptor-dependent long-term depression are differentially regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
    Authors: Citri Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2009;30:1443
  96. D1/D5 modulation of synaptic NMDA receptor currents.
    Authors: Varela Et al.
    J Neurosci 2009;29:3109
  97. Chronic CXCL10 alters neuronal properties in rat hippocampal culture.
    Authors: Cho Et al.
    J Neurosci 2009;207:92
  98. AMPA receptor trafficking and synaptic plasticity require SQSTM1/p62.
    Authors: Jiang Et al.
    Hippocampus 2009;19:392
  99. Experience-dependent intrinsic plasticity in interneurons of barrel cortex layer IV.
    Authors: Sun
    J Neurosci 2009;102:2955
  100. Co-transmission of dopamine and GABA in periglomerular cells.
    Authors: Maher and Westbrook
    J Neurophysiol 2008;99:1559
  101. GABA actions in hippocampal area CA3 during postnatal development: differential shift from depolarizing to hyperpolarizing in somatic and dendritic compartments.
    Authors: Romo-Parra Et al.
    J Neurosci 2008;99:1523
  102. Synapse-specific adaptations to inactivity in hippocampal circuits achieve homeostatic gain control while dampening network reverberation.
    Authors: Kim and Tsien
    Neuron 2008;58:925
  103. Involvement of AMPA receptors in the antidepressant-like effects of lithium in the mouse tail suspension test and forced swim test.
    Authors: Gould Et al.
    Neuropharmacology 2008;54:577
  104. Cholecystokinin inhibits endocannabinoid-sensitive hippocampal IPSPs and stimulates others.
    Authors: Karson Et al.
    J Biol Chem 2008;54:117
  105. Apoptosis induced by domoic acid in mouse cerebellar granule neurons involves activation of p38 and JNK MAP kinases.
    Authors: Giordano Et al.
    J Physiol 2008;52:1100
  106. Cortical adenylyl cyclase 1 is required for thalamocortical synapse maturation and aspects of layer IV barrel development.
    Authors: Iwasato Et al.
    J Neurosci 2008;28:5931
  107. White matter vulnerability to ischemic injury increases with age because of enhanced excitotoxicity.
    Authors: Baltan Et al.
    J Neurosci 2008;28:1479
  108. The chemokine CCL2 activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in cultured rat hippocampal cells.
    Authors: Cho and Gruol
    J Neurosci 2008;199:94
  109. Dendritic glutamate release produces autocrine activation of mGluR1 in cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    Authors: Shin Et al.
    Nature 2008;105:746
  110. Increased thalamocortical synaptic response and decreased layer IV innervation in GAP-43 knockout mice.
    Authors: Albright Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2007;98:1610
  111. Endogenous D-serine contributes to NMDA-receptor-mediated light-evoked responses in the vertebrate retina.
    Authors: Gustafson Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2007;98:122
  112. Presynaptic plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase isoform 2a regulates excitatory synaptic transmission in rat hippocampal CA3.
    Authors: Jensen Et al.
    Chem Senses 2007;579:85
  113. Long-term modifications in the strength of excitatory associative inputs in the piriform cortex.
    Authors: Young and Sun
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;32:783
  114. Axon and dendrite geography predict the specificity of synaptic connections in a functioning spinal cord network.
    Authors: Li Et al.
    Neural Dev 2007;2:17
  115. Plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase 2 contributes to short-term synapse plasticity at the parallel fiber to Purkinje neuron synapse.
    Authors: Empson Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;27:3753
  116. Disynaptic amplification of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 responses in the olfactory bulb.
    Authors: Jan and Westbrook
    J Neurosci 2007;27:132
  117. Potent and specific action of the mGlu1 antagonists YM-298198 and JNJ16259685 on synaptic transmission in rat cerebellar slices.
    Authors: Fukunaga Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol 2007;151:870
  118. Vesicular release of glutamate from unmyelinated axons in white matter.
    Authors: Ziskin Et al.
    Front Integr Neurosci 2007;10:321
  119. Properties of GluR3 receptors tagged with GFP at the amino or carboxyl terminus.
    Authors: Limon Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;104:15526
  120. Environment matters: synaptic properties of neurons born in the epileptic adult brain develop to reduce excitability.
    Authors: Jakubs Et al.
    Neuron 2006;52:1047
  121. Ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonism attenuates cue-induced cocaine seeking.
    Authors: Bäckström and Hyytiä
    Neuropsychopharmacology 2006;31:778
  122. Glial glutamate transporters maintain one-to-one relationship at the climbing fiber-Purkinje cell synapse by preventing glutamate spillover.
    Authors: Takayasu Et al.
    J Neurosci 2006;26:6563
  123. Regulated expression of HCN channels and cAMP levels shape the properties of the h current in developing rat hippocampus.
    Authors: Surges Et al.
    Mol Pain 2006;24:94
  124. Activation of NR2A-containing NMDA receptors is not obligatory for NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation.
    Authors: Weitlauf Et al.
    Neurochem Int 2005;25:8386
  125. Programmed and induced phenotype of the hippocampal granule cells.
    Authors: Gómez-Lira Et al.
    J Neurosci 2005;25:6939
  126. Calcium increases in retinal glial cells evoked by light-induced neuronal activity.
    Authors: Newman
    Nat Methods 2005;25:5502
  127. Differences in transmission properties and susceptibility to long-term depression reveal functional specialization of ascending axon and parallel fiber synapses to Purkinje cells.
    Authors: Sims and Hartell
    EMBO Rep 2005;25:3246
  128. Interactions between ephrin-B and metabotropic glutamate 1 receptors in brain tissue and cultured neurons.
    Authors: Calò Et al.
    J Neurosci 2005;25:2245
  129. Augmenting neurotransmitter release by enhancing the apparent Ca2+ affinity of synaptotagmin 1.
    Authors: Rhee Et al.
    J Neurosci 2005;102:18664
  130. Endocannabinoid-mediated metaplasticity in the hippocampus.
    Authors: Chevaleyre and Castillo
    Neuron 2004;43:871
  131. Glucose but not lactate in combination with acidosis aggravates ischemic neuronal death in vitro.
    Authors: Cronberg Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2004;35:753
  132. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein are targeted to discrete dendritic laminas by events that trigger epileptogenesis.
    Authors: Tongiorgi Et al.
    Development 2004;24:6842
  133. Astrocyte glutamate transporters regulate metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated excitation of hippocampal interneurons.
    Authors: Huang Et al.
    J Neurosci 2004;24:4551
  134. Functional excitatory synapses in HEK293 cells expressing neuroligin and glutamate receptors.
    Authors: Fu Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2003;90:3950
  135. Dopamine controls the firing pattern of dopamine neurons via a network feedback mechanism.
    Authors: Paladini Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2003;100:2866
  136. A GDP/GTP exchange protein for the Rab3 small G protein family up-regulates a postdocking step of synaptic exocytosis in central synapses.
    Authors: Yamaguchi Et al.
    J Neurophysiol 2002;99:14536
  137. The suppression of brain cold-stable microtubules in mice induces synaptic defects associated with neuroleptic-sensitive behavioral disorders.
    Authors: Andrieux Et al.
    Genes Dev 2002;16:2350
  138. Glutamate antagonists limit tumor growth.
    Authors: Rzeski Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2001;98:6372
  139. Kainate receptor-mediated synaptic currents in cerebellar Golgi cells are not shaped by diffusion of glutamate.
    Authors: Bureau Et al.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000;97:6838
  140. Presynaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors at the parallel fiber-Purkinje cell synapse.
    Authors: Casado Et al.
    J Neurosci 2000;97:11593
  141. Histamine depolarizes cholinergic interneurones in the rat striatum via a H(1)-receptor mediated action.
    Authors: Bell Et al.
    Br J Pharmacol 2000;131:1135
  142. Calcium dynamics in single spines during coincident pre- and postsynaptic activity depend on relative timing of back-propagating action potentials and subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials.
    Authors: Koester and Sakmann
    PLoS One 1998;95:9596
  143. Spreading depression and focal brain ischemia induce cyclooxygenase-2 in cortical neurons through N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-receptors and phospholipase A2.
    Authors: Miettinen Et al.
    J Psychopharmacol 1997;94:6500
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