Human CD99 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF3968
Product Details
Citations (1)
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Human CD99 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human CD99 in Western blots. In Western blots, less than 5% cross‑reactivity with recombinant mouse CD99 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human CD99
Asp23-Asp122
Accession # P14209
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human CD99 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 3968-CD)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CD99

CD99 (also named MIC2, E2 and thymic leukemia antigen) is the founding member of the CD99 family of molecules. The CD99 family contains four members; CD99, CD99L2, XG and the pseudogene CD99L1 (1, 2, 3). Native human CD99 is 32 kDa in size and exists as a type I transmembrane glycoprotein. This is referred to as the long, or type I isoform. It is synthesized as a 185 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 22 aa signal sequence, a 100 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 25 aa transmembrane segment, and a 38 aa cytoplasmic region (4). The ECD contains no identifiable motifs, N‑linked glycosylation sites, or cysteine residues; it does possess sites for O-linked glycosylation. The cytoplasmic region, albeit short, does have signal transduction capability (5). There are apparently multiple isoforms for human CD99. One shows a 16 aa deletion in the ECD (aa 34‑49), a second shows a 38 aa deletion in the cytoplasmic region (aa 122‑159), and a third exhibits a three aa truncation at the C-terminus (6, 7, 8). The best studied isoform shows an Asp‑Gly substitution for the C‑terminal 27 amino acids. This is referred to as the 28 kDa type II isoform (9). The type I and II isoforms have distinctive signal transduction pathways (FAK-src for type I; PI3K plus src-ERK1/2 for type II), and mediate clearly different biological outcomes (5, 9, 10). The two numbered isoforms may or may not co‑exist on the same cells. Peripheral T cells have only the long isoform, while double-positive thymocytes express both isotypes. What is unclear is the monomeric vs. dimeric status of CD99. In mouse, CD99 reportedly forms disulfide-linked homodimers (11). In human, however, CD99 is reportedly monomeric if only a type I isoform, and a covalent heterodimer if co‑expressing type I and II isoforms (12, 13). Cells known to express CD99 include fibroblasts, neutrophils, T cells, double-positive thymocytes, CD34+ stem cells, monocytes and endothelial cells (2, 12, 14, 15). Homophilic interaction between CD99 on the neutrophil and CD99 on the endothelial cell regulates the transendothelial migration of neutrophils during inflammation (16). Human CD99 is only 48% aa identical to mouse CD99 (17).

References
  1. Wilson, M.D. et al. (2006) Physiol Genomics 27:201. 
  2. Petri, B. and M.G. Bixel (2006) FEBS J. 273:4399. 
  3. Suh, Y.H. et al. (2003) Gene 307:63. 
  4. Gelin, C. et al. (1989) EMBO J. 8:3253. 
  5. Byun, H-J. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281:34833. 
  6. GenBank Accession # EAW98698. 
  7. GenBank Accession # EAW98699. 
  8. GenBank Accession # EAW98700. 
  9. Hahn, H-J. et al. (1997) J. Immunol. 159:2250.
  10. Scotlandi, K. et al. (2007) Oncogene Apr 30; [Epub ahead of print].
  11. Park, S.H. et al. (2005) Gene 353:177.
  12. Schenkel, A.R. et al. (2002) Nat. Immunol. 3:143.
  13. Alberti, I. et al. (2002) FASEB J. 16:1946.
  14. Imbert, A-M. et al. (2006) Blood 108:2578.
  15. Dworzak, M.N. et al. (1994) Blood 83:415.
  16. Lou, O. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:1136
  17. Shiratori, I. et al. (2004) J. Exp. Med. 199:525.
Entrez Gene IDs
4267 (Human); 673094 (Mouse); 652929 (Rat)
Alternate Names
12E7; CD99 antigenY homolog; CD99 molecule; CD99; E2 antigen; HBA71; MIC2 (monoclonal 12E7); MIC2; MIC2Y; MSK5X; pilr-1; PILR-L; Protein MIC2; surface antigen MIC2; T-cell surface glycoprotein E2

Product Datasheets

Citation for Human CD99 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. CD99 isoforms regulate CD1a expression in human monocyte-derived DCs through ATF-2/CREB-1 phosphorylation
    Authors: K Mahiddine, A Mallaviall, H Bziouech, F Larbret, A Bernard, G Bernard
    Eur J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot

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