Human GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 PE-conjugated Antibody

(1 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
  • Specificity
    Detects human GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in flow cytometry.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 109101
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from ascites
  • Immunogen
    S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human GITR Ligand/TNFSF18
    Accession # Q9UNG2
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
  • Flow Cytometry
    10 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in HUVEC Human Cells by Flow Cytometry. HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB6941P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002P, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: GITR Ligand/TNFSF18

GITR (Glucocorticoid-Induced TNF Receptor superfamily-related protein, also named AITR, Activation-Inducible TNF Receptor superfamily-related protein) and GITR ligand (GITRL) are novel members of the TNF receptor (TNFR) and TNF superfamilies (SF) that have been designated TNFRSF18 and TNFSF18, respectively. Human GITRL cDNA encodes a 177 amino acid residues type II membrane protein. The carboxy-terminal extracellular domain shows sequence identity to TNF/TNFSF2 (21%), Fas ligand/TNFSF6 (21%), TRAIL/TNFSF10 (18%), and lymphotoxin alpha /TNFSF1 (18%). GITRL is constitutively expressed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells but is not expressed in resting or stimulated T cell lines, B cell lines or peripheral blood mononuclear cells. GITR, the receptor for GITRL, is expressed at low levels in peripheral blood T cells, bone marrow, thymus, spleen and lymph nodes. In contrast to mouse GITR, expression of human GITR is not induced by treatment with dexamethasone, but is up-regulated by antigen-receptor stimulation or by treatment with soluble anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 or PMA plus ionomycin. Ligation of GITR has been found to induce nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B activation via TNF receptor-associated factor 2 and protect cells from TCR activation-induced cell death. It has been proposed that GITRL and GITR may modulate T lymphocyte functions in peripheral tissues.

  • Long Name:
    Glucocorticoid Induced TNF Receptor Family Related Gene Ligand
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    8995 (Human); 240873 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    Activation-inducible TNF-related ligand; AITRLMGC138237; GITRLglucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein ligand; Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand; hGITRLGITR ligand; TL6AITR ligand; TNFSF18; tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 18; tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

Showing Results 1 - 1 of 1

  1. Rapamycin-treated human endothelial cells preferentially activate allogeneic regulatory T cells.
    Authors: Wang C, Yi T, Qin L, Maldonado R, von Andrian U, Kulkarni S, Tellides G, Pober J
    J Clin Invest, 2013;123(4):1677-93.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Mouse IgG1 PE-conjugated Antibody

Ctrl IC002P 28  
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Staining Reagents
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Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer (1X)

Flow FC001 3
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Flow Cytometry Mouse Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC003 1
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Flow Cytometry Human Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC002 1
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