Human GM-CSF R alpha Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody

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FAB706T-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human GM-CSF R alpha Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human GM-CSF R alpha in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) M‑CSF R or rhGM‑CSF R beta  ( beta c) is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 31916
Immunogen
S. frugiperda insect ovarian cell line Sf 21-derived recombinant human GM-CSF R alpha
Extracellular domain
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 594 (Excitation= 590 nm, Emission= 617 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Human peripheral blood monocytes

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: GM-CSF R alpha

Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor receptor alpha (GM-CSF R alpha ), also known as CD116, is a component of the receptor complex that mediates cellular responses to GM-CSF. GM-CSF promotes the differentiation and mobilization of granulocyte-macrophage, erythroid, megakaryocyte, and eosinophil progenitors. It enhances the activation of myeloid cell effector functions and plays a role in the development of Th1 biased immune responses, allergic inflammation, and autoimmunity (1‑4). Mature human GM-CSF R alpha is an 80 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that consists of a 298 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two fibronectin type III domains and a juxtamembrane WSxWS motif, a 26 aa transmembrane segment, and a 54 aa cytoplasmic domain (5). Within the ECD, human GM-CSF R alpha shares approximately 33% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat GM-CSF R alpha. Alternative splicing of human GM-CSF R alpha generates several additional isoforms that lack the cytoplasmic and/or transmembrane regions. Soluble forms of the receptor retain the ability to bind GM-CSF (6, 7). GM-CSF R alpha is expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, progenitor and differentiated cells in the myeloid lineage, vascular endothelial cells, placenta, and non-hematopoietic solid tumor cells (8). GM-CSF R alpha associates with the common beta chain/CD131 ( beta c), a 135 kDa transmembrane protein that is also the signal transducing component of the receptors for IL-3 and IL-5 (9, 10). Association with beta c converts GM-CSF R alpha from a low affinity to a high affinity receptor for GM-CSF (9‑11). The shared usage of beta c underlies the synergism between GM-CSF, IL-3, and IL-5 in their effects on myeloid cell differentiation and activation (1, 2).

References
  1. Martinez-Moczygemba, M. and D.P. Huston (2003) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 112:653.
  2. Fleetwood, A.J. et al. (2005) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 25:405.
  3. Eksioglu, E.A. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1163.
  4. Cao, Y. (2007) J. Clin. Invest. 117:2362.
  5. Gearing, D.P. et al. (1989) EMBO J. 8:3667.
  6. Pelley, J.L. et al. (2007) Exp. Hematol. 35:1483.
  7. Raines, M.A. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:8203.
  8. Chiba, S. et al. (1990) Cell Regul. 1:327.
  9. Kitamura, T. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:5082.
  10. Hayashida, K. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:9655.
  11. Hoang, T. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:11881.
Long Name
Granulocyte Macrophage Growth Factor Receptor alpha
Entrez Gene IDs
1438 (Human); 12982 (Mouse); 102139775 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD116 antigen; CD116; CDw116; colony stimulating factor 2 receptor alpha subunit; colony stimulating factor 2 receptor, alpha, low-affinity(granulocyte-macrophage); CSF2R; CSF2RA; CSF2RAX; CSF2RAY; CSF2RX; CSF2RY; GM-CSF R alpha; GM-CSF receptor alpha subunit; GMCSFR alpha; GMCSFR; GM-CSFRa; GM-CSF-R-alpha; GMCSFR-alpha; GMR; GMR-alpha; granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor alpha chain; granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor subunit alpha; MGC3848; MGC4838

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