Human IL-17B Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9UHF5
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
The Interleukin 17 (IL-17) family proteins, comprising six members (IL-17, IL-17B through IL-17F), are secreted, structurally related proteins that share a conserved cystine-knot fold near the C-terminus, but have considerable sequence divergence at the N-terminus (1, 2). With the exception of IL-17B, which exists as a non‑covalently linked dimer, all IL-17 family members are disulfide-linked dimers (3). IL-17 family proteins are pro‑inflammatory cytokines that induce local cytokine production and are involved in the regulation of immune functions (1, 2). Two receptors (IL‑17 R, and IL-17B R), which are activated by IL-17 family members, have been identified. In addition, at least three additional orphan type I transmembrane receptors with homology to IL-17 R, including IL-17 RL (IL-17 RC), IL-17 RD, and IL‑17 RE, have also been reported (1‑4). Human IL-17B cDNA encodes a 180 aa protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide (5, 6). Human and mouse IL-17B share 88% amino acid sequence identity. Among IL-17 family members, IL-17B is most closely related to IL-17D, sharing 27% aa sequence homology. IL-17B is expressed highly in spinal cord, and at lower levels in brain, kidney, lung, small intestine, prostate, testes, pancreas, adrenal gland and trachea (5‑7). Expression of IL-17B has also been detected in chondrocytes in articular cartilage (2). IL-17B binds the IL-17B receptor but not IL-17 R and exhibits bioactivities distinct from those of IL-17 (5, 6).
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- Moseley, T.A. et al. (2003) Cytokine & Growth Factor Rev. 14:155.
- Hymowitz, S.G. et al. (2001) EMBO J. 20:5332.
- Haudenschild, D. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:4309.
- Shi, Y. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:19167.
- Li, H. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:773.
- Moore, E.E. et al. (2002) Neuromuscul. Disord. 12:141.
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