Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
The Interleukin 17 (IL-17) family proteins, comprising six members (IL-17, IL-17B through IL-17F), are secreted, structurally related proteins that share a conserved cystine-knot fold near the C-terminus, but have considerable sequence divergence at the N-terminus (1, 2). With the exception of IL-17B, which exists as a non‑covalently linked dimer, all IL-17 family members are disulfide-linked dimers (3). IL-17 family proteins are pro‑inflammatory cytokines that induce local cytokine production and are involved in the regulation of immune functions (1, 2). Two receptors (IL‑17 R, and IL-17B R), which are activated by IL-17 family members, have been identified. In addition, at least three additional orphan type I transmembrane receptors with homology to IL-17 R, including IL-17 RL (IL-17 RC), IL-17 RD, and IL‑17 RE, have also been reported (1‑4). Human IL-17B cDNA encodes a 180 aa protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide (5, 6). Human and mouse IL-17B share 88% amino acid sequence identity. Among IL-17 family members, IL-17B is most closely related to IL-17D, sharing 27% aa sequence homology. IL-17B is expressed highly in spinal cord, and at lower levels in brain, kidney, lung, small intestine, prostate, testes, pancreas, adrenal gland and trachea (5‑7). Expression of IL-17B has also been detected in chondrocytes in articular cartilage (2). IL-17B binds the IL-17B receptor but not IL-17 R and exhibits bioactivities distinct from those of IL-17 (5, 6).