Human LDLR Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2148R-100UG
Human LDLR Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody in Flow Cytometry
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Human LDLR Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human LDL R in ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) LDL R, recombinant human LRP-5, or rmLRP-6 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 472413
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO-derived recombinant human LDL R
Ala22-Arg788
Accession # P01130
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 647

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of LDL R in HepG2 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of LDL R in HepG2 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human LDL R Alexa Fluor® 647‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB2148R, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002R, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: LDLR

The low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL R) is the founding member of the LDL R family of scavenger receptors (1, 2). This family contains transmembrane molecules that are characterized by the presence of EGF repeats, complement-like repeats, and YWTD motifs that form beta -propellers. Although members of the family were originally thought to be endocytic receptors, it is now clear that some members interact with adjacent cell-surface molecules, expanding their range of activities (2). Human LDL R is synthesized as an 860 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 21 aa signal sequence, a 767 aa extracellular region, a 22 aa transmembrane segment and a 50 aa cytoplasmic tail (3). The extracellular region is complex. It consists of seven N-terminal complement-like cysteine-rich repeats that bind ligand. Cysteine residues in this region participate in intrachain disulfide bonds. This region is followed by three EGF-like repeats with a beta -propeller YWTD containing motif. The EGF-like repeats are responsible for ligand bonding and dissociation. Finally, there is a 50 aa membrane proximal Ser/Thr-rich region that serves as a carbohydrate attachment point (1, 3, 4). There is extensive O-linked and modest N-linked glycosylation. Thus the receptor’s predicted molecular weight of 93 kDa is increased to a native molecular weight of 120‑160 kDa (3, 4). Within the 50 aa cytoplasmic tail, there is an NPXY motif that links the receptor to clathrin pits (1). The extracellular region of human LDL R is 51% aa identical to the extracellular region of human VLDL R, and 79% aa identical to the extracellular region of mouse LDL R. LDL R is constitutively expressed and binds apoB of LDL and apoE of VLDL (5). It is responsible for clearing 70% of plasma LDL in liver (5). Mutations in the LDL R gene cause the autosomal dominant disorder, familial hypercholesterolemia (6).

References
  1. Strickland, D.K. et al. (2002) Trends Endocrinol. Metab. 13:66.
  2. Nykjaer, A. and T.E. Willnow (2002) Trends Cell Biol. 12:273.
  3. Yamamoto, T. et al. (1984) Cell 39:27.
  4. Davis, C.G. et al. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261:2828.
  5. Defesche, J.C. (2004) Semin. Vasc. Med. 4:5.
  6. Varret, M. et al. (2008) Clin Genet. 73:1.
Long Name
Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor
Entrez Gene IDs
3949 (Human); 16835 (Mouse); 300438 (Rat)
Alternate Names
FH; FHC; LDL R; LDL receptor; LDLCQ2; LDLR; low density lipoprotein receptor; low-density lipoprotein receptor class A domain-containing protein 3; low-density lipoprotein receptor

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