Human/Mouse/Rat Erythropoietin/EPO Antibody Summary
Accession # P07321
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by Erythropoietin/EPO and Neutralization by Mouse Erythropoietin/EPO Antibody. Recombinant Mouse Erythropoietin/EPO (Catalog # 959-ME) stimulates proliferation in the TF-1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Mouse Erythropoietin/EPO (10 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Erythropoietin/EPO Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF959). The ND50 is typically 0.25-1.25 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a 34 kDa glycoprotein hormone in the type I cytokine family and is related to thrombopoietin (1). Its three N-glycosylation sites, four alpha helices, and N- to C-terminal disulfide bond are conserved across species (2, 3). Glycosylation of EPO is required for biological activities in vivo (4). Mature mouse EPO shares 95% amino acid sequence identity with rat EPO and 73%-82% with bovine, canine, equine, feline, human, ovine, and porcine EPO. EPO is primarily produced in the kidney by a population of fibroblast-like cortical interstitial cells adjacent to the proximal tubules (5). It is also produced in much lower, but functionally significant amounts by fetal hepatocytes and in adult liver and brain (6-8). EPO promotes erythrocyte formation by preventing the apoptosis of early erythroid precursors which express the EPO receptor (EPO R) (8, 9). EPO R has also been described in brain, retina, heart, skeletal muscle, kidney, endothelial cells, and a variety of tumor cells (7, 8, 10, 11). Ligand induced dimerization of EPO R triggers JAK2-mediated signaling pathways followed by receptor/ligand endocytosis and degradation (1, 12). Rapid regulation of circulating EPO allows tight control of erythrocyte production and hemoglobin concentrations. Anemia or other causes of low tissue oxygen tension induce EPO production by stabilizing the hypoxia-induceable transcription factors HIF-1 alpha and HIF-2 alpha (1, 6). EPO additionally plays a tissue-protective role in ischemia by blocking apoptosis and inducing angiogenesis (7, 8, 13).
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- Eckardt, K. U. and A. Kurtz (2005) Eur. J. Clin. Invest. 35 Suppl. 3:13.
- Sharples, E. J. et al. (2006) Curr. Opin. Pharmacol. 6:184.
- Rossert, J. and K. Eckardt (2005) Nephrol. Dial. Transplant 20:1025.
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- Acs, G. et al. (2001) Cancer Res. 61:3561.
- Hardee, M.E. et al. (2006) Clin. Cancer Res. 12:332.
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Citations for Human/Mouse/Rat Erythropoietin/EPO Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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Human iPSC-derived neural crest stem cells can produce EPO and induce erythropoiesis in anemic mice
Authors: V Brizi, S Buttò, D Cerullo, A Michele La, R Rodrigues-, R Novelli, D Corna, A Benigni, G Remuzzi, C Xinaris
Stem Cell Research, 2021-07-25;55(0):102476.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Prolonged astrocyte-derived erythropoietin expression attenuates neuronal damage under hypothermic conditions
Authors: K Toriuchi, H Kakita, T Tamura, S Takeshita, Y Yamada, M Aoyama
J Neuroinflammation, 2020-05-02;17(1):141.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Applications: Cell Culture
Zinc Supplementation Stimulates Red Blood Cell Formation in Rats
Authors: YH Chen, HL Feng, SS Jeng
Int J Mol Sci, 2018-09-18;19(9):.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Suppression of hepcidin during anemia requires erythropoietic activity.
Authors: Pak M, Lopez MA, Gabayan V, Ganz T, Rivera S
Sample Types: In Vivo
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