Human PSMA/FOLH1/NAALADase I Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q04609
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
Background: PSMA/FOLH1/NAALADase I
Human prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), a tumor marker in prostate cancer encoded by the FOLH1 gene, is a type II transmembrane zinc metallopeptidase that is most highly expressed in the nervous system, prostate, kidney, and small intestine (1, 2). The enzyme is also known as glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII), folate hydrolase 1, folypoly-gamma-glutamate carboxypeptidase (FGCP), and N-acetylated-alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase I (NAALADase I). In the brain, PSMA hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter N-acetyl-Asp-Glu to produce glutamate, another neurotransmitter. Inhibition of brain PSMA activity is considered to be a promising approach for the treatment of neurological disorders associated with glutamate excitotoxicity, such as stroke, chronic pain, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (3). Intestinal PSMA hydrolyzes folylpoly-gamma -glutamates, facilitating the uptake of folate (4).
- Silver, D.A. et al. (1997) Clin. Cancer Res. 3:81.
- Carter, R.E. et al. (1996) Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 93:749.
- Jackson, P.F. and Slusher, B.S. (2001) Curr. Med. Chem. 8:949.
- Heston, W.D. (1997) Urology 49:104.
Product Specific Notices
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