Human TIM-4 Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2929T-025
Detection  of TIM‑4 in HEK Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and  eGFP by Flow Cytometry.
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Human TIM-4 Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TIM-4 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 921832
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TIM-4
Glu25-Leu315
Accession # Q96H15
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 594

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection  of TIM‑4 in HEK Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and  eGFP by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of TIM‑4 in HEK Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human TIM-4 and eGFP was stained with and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human TIM‑4 Alexa Fluor® 594‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB2929T) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Alexa Fluor 594 Isotype Control (Catalog # IC002T). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: TIM-4

TIM-4 (T cell; immunoglobulin; mucin-4), also known as SMUCKLER, is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating proteins. TIMs are type I transmembrane proteins with one Ig-like V domain and one Ser/Thr-rich mucin domain (1 - 3). The human TIM-4 cDNA encodes a 378 amino acid (aa) precursor that includes a 24 aa signal sequence, a 290 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 43 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). Structurally, TIM-4 is distinguished from other TIMs by the presence of an RGD motif in its Ig domain and the lack of a site for tyrosine phosphorylation in its cytoplasmic tail. The mucin domain in TIM-4 is larger than in TIM-1 or TIM-3. Within the ECD, human TIM-4 shares 35% and 23% aa sequence identity with TIM-1 and TIM-3, respectively. A TIM-2 ortholog has not been identified in human. The ECD of human TIM-4 shares 45% aa sequence identity with that of mouse and rat TIM-4. TIM-4 is expressed by macrophages and mature dendritic cells but not by lymphocytes (4, 5). TIM-4 binds specifically to TIM-1 which is also the cellular receptor for the hepatitis A virus, and has been implicated in the development of asthma (5 - 7). Among hematopoietic cells, TIM-1 is expressed on activated B and T cells, preferentially in the Th2 subset of CD4+ T cells (5, 8). The interaction of TIM-4 with TIM-1 induces costimulatory and hyperproliferative signals in T cells (5).

References
  1. Kuchroo, V.K. et al. (2003) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 3:454. 
  2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681. 
  3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362. 
  4. Shakhov, A.N. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunol. 34:494. 
  5. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:455.
  6. Feigelstock, D. et al. (1998) J. Virol. 72:6621.
  7. McIntire, J.J. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1109.
  8. Khademi, M. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 172:7169.
Long Name
T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-4
Entrez Gene IDs
91937 (Human); 276891 (Mouse); 102140672 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
FLJ27515; Smuckler; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 4; T-cell membrane protein 4; TIM4; TIM-4; TIMD4; TIMD-4

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