Human TIM-4 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB2929-100
MAB2929-SP
Detection of  TIM‑4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and  eGFP by Flow Cytometry.
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Human TIM-4 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TIM-4 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 921832
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NSO-derived recombinant human TIM-4
Glu25-Leu315
Accession # Q96H15
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25 µg/106 cells
See below
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of  TIM‑4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and  eGFP by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of TIM‑4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human TIM-4 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human TIM-4 and eGFP was stained with and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human TIM‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2929) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB002) followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TIM-4

TIM-4 (T cell; immunoglobulin; mucin-4), also known as SMUCKLER, is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating proteins. TIMs are type I transmembrane proteins with one Ig-like V domain and one Ser/Thr-rich mucin domain (1 - 3). The human TIM-4 cDNA encodes a 378 amino acid (aa) precursor that includes a 24 aa signal sequence, a 290 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 43 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). Structurally, TIM-4 is distinguished from other TIMs by the presence of an RGD motif in its Ig domain and the lack of a site for tyrosine phosphorylation in its cytoplasmic tail. The mucin domain in TIM-4 is larger than in TIM-1 or TIM-3. Within the ECD, human TIM-4 shares 35% and 23% aa sequence identity with TIM-1 and TIM-3, respectively. A TIM-2 ortholog has not been identified in human. The ECD of human TIM-4 shares 45% aa sequence identity with that of mouse and rat TIM-4. TIM-4 is expressed by macrophages and mature dendritic cells but not by lymphocytes (4, 5). TIM-4 binds specifically to TIM-1 which is also the cellular receptor for the hepatitis A virus, and has been implicated in the development of asthma (5 - 7). Among hematopoietic cells, TIM-1 is expressed on activated B and T cells, preferentially in the Th2 subset of CD4+ T cells (5, 8). The interaction of TIM-4 with TIM-1 induces costimulatory and hyperproliferative signals in T cells (5).

References
  1. Kuchroo, V.K. et al. (2003) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 3:454. 
  2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681. 
  3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362. 
  4. Shakhov, A.N. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunol. 34:494. 
  5. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:455.
  6. Feigelstock, D. et al. (1998) J. Virol. 72:6621.
  7. McIntire, J.J. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1109.
  8. Khademi, M. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 172:7169.
Long Name
T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-4
Entrez Gene IDs
91937 (Human); 276891 (Mouse); 102140672 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
FLJ27515; Smuckler; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 4; T-cell membrane protein 4; TIM4; TIM-4; TIMD4; TIMD-4

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Isotype Controls

Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control

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Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

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