|Detection of Dectin‑1/CLEC7A in Mouse Blood Monocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse whole blood monocytes were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse Gr‑1/Ly‑6G PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB1037P) and either (A) Rat Anti-Mouse Dectin‑1/CLEC7A APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB17561A) or (B) Rat IgG2A Allophycocyanin Isotype Control (Catalog # IC006A). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
Dectin-1, also known as CLEC7A and the beta -glucan receptor, is a 43 kDa type II transmembrane C-type lectin that functions in the innate immune response to fungal pathogens. Although Dectin-1 resembles other CLEC molecules structurally, it binds ligands in a calcium-independent manner (1, 2). Mature mouse Dectin-1 is a 244 amino acid (aa) glycoprotein that consists of a short ITAM-containing cytoplasmic tail, a transmembrane segment, and a stalk and carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) in the extracellular domain (3). The CRD of mouse Dectin-1 shares 61%, 60%, and 87% aa sequence identity with that of bovine, human, and rat Dectin‑1, respectively. It shares 25%‑34% aa sequence identity with the CRD of other subgroup members CLEC-1, CLEC-2, CLEC9A, CLEC12B, LOX-1, and MICL. Mouse Dectin-1 is alternately spliced, generating a variant that lacks the stalk region (4). Mouse Dectin-1 is expressed on monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, and on some populations of dendritic cells and T cells (5). It is upregulated on macrophages by GM-CSF, IL-4, or IL-13 and downregulated by dexamethasone, IL-10, or LPS (6). The CRD selectively binds beta -glucan polymers, a major component of yeast and mycobacterial cell walls (7). Yeast beta -glucan is accessible to Dectin-1 only at sites of cell budding, and Dectin-1 does not recognize the filamentous form of yeast (8). Dectin-1 mediates the phagocytosis of zymosan particles and intact yeast (8‑10). It co-localizes with TLR2 in the presence of zymosan, and the two receptors cooperate in ligand recognition and the propagation of proinflammatory signaling (9, 11‑13). Dectin-1 interaction with the tetraspanin CD37 increases its stability on the cell membrane and inhibits ligand-induced signaling (14). Genetic knockout of Dectin-1 in mice increases their susceptibility to pathogenic infection (15, 16).
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
The document you requested is not available online. Please enter the Catalog Number and Lot Number below to have a document emailed to you at the address provided