Mouse SPARC Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

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IC942N-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Mouse SPARC Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse SPARC/Osteonectin in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human SPARC is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Rat IgG2b Clone # 124413
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse SPARC/Osteonectin
Ala18-Ile302
Accession # P07214
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation= 675-700 nm, Emission= 723 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: SPARC

SPARC, an acronym for “secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine”, is also known as osteonectin or BM-40 (1‑5). It is the founding member of a family of secreted matricellular proteins with similar domain structure. The 302 amino acid (aa), 43 kDa protein contains a 17 aa signal sequence, an N-terminal acidic region that binds calcium, a follistatin domain containing Kazal-like sequences, and a C-terminal extracellular calcium (EC) binding domain with two EF-hand motifs (1‑5). Crystal structure shows that residues implicated in cell binding, inhibition of cell spreading and disassembly of focal adhesions cluster on one face of SPARC, while a collagen binding epitope and an N-glycosylation site are opposite this face (6). SPARC is produced by fibroblasts, capillary endothelial cells, platelets and macrophages, especially in areas of tissue morphogenesis and remodeling (3, 7). SPARC shows context-specific effects, but generally inhibits adhesion, spreading and proliferation, and promotes collagen matrix formation (3‑5). For endothelial cells, SPARC disrupts focal adhesions and binds and sequesters PDGF and VEGF (3‑5). SPARC is abundantly expressed in bone, where it promotes osteoblast differentiation and inhibits adipogenesis (5, 8). SPARC is potentially cleaved by metalloproteinases, producing an angiogenic peptide that includes the copper-binding sequence KGHK (7). Paradoxically, SPARC is highly expressed in many tumor types, yet expression mainly decreases the likelihood of metastasis and confers sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiation (4, 9, 10). Stabilin-1, which is expressed on alternately activated macrophages, is the first SPARC receptor to be identified. It binds the SPARC EC domain and mediates endocytosis for degradation (11). Mature mouse SPARC shows 97%, 92%, 92%, 92% and 83% aa identity with rat, human, dog, cow and chick SPARC, respectively.

References
  1. Lankat-Buttgereit, B. et al. (1988) FEBS Lett. 236:352.
  2. McVey, J.H. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:11111.
  3. Sage, H. et al. (1989) J. Cell Biol. 109:341.
  4. Framson, P.E. and E.H. Sage (2004) J. Cell. Biochem. 92:679.
  5. Alford, A.I. and K.D. Hankenson (2006) Bone 38:749.
  6. Hohenester, E. et al. (1997) EMBO J. 16:3778.
  7. Sage, E.H. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:37849.
  8. Delany, A.M. et al. (2003) Endocrinology 144:2588.
  9. Koblinski, J.E. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:7370.
  10. Tai, I.T. et al. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115:1492.
  11. Kzhyshkowska, J. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 176:5825.
Long Name
Secreted Protein Acidic and Rich in Cysteine
Entrez Gene IDs
6678 (Human); 20692 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
Basement-membrane protein 40; BM-40; ONcysteine-rich protein; Osteonectin; Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine; secreted protein, acidic, cysteine-rich (osteonectin); SPARC

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Product Specific Notices


This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.

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