Rat Neuropilin-1 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody

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FAB5661N-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Rat Neuropilin-1 Alexa Fluor® 700-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Rat
Specificity
Detects rat Neuropilin-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant rat Neuropilin-2 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 130604
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant rat Neuropilin‑1
Met1-Asp854 (Lys811Arg, Pro812-Gly828 del), predicted
Accession # Q9QWJ9
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation= 675-700 nm, Emission= 723 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: Neuropilin-1

Neuropilin-1 (Npn-1, previously neuropilin; also CD304) is a 130‑140 kDa type I transmembrane (TM) glycoprotein that regulates axon guidance and angiogenesis (1‑4). The mature 901 amino acid (aa) rat Npn-1 contains a 623 aa extracellular domain (ECD) that shares 98% aa identity with mouse and 93% aa identity with human, equine, bovine and canine Npn-1 (3, 4). The ECD contains two N-terminal CUB domains, two F5/8 type C domains with homology to coagulation factors V and VIII and a MAM (meprin) domain. In mouse and human, splice variants that lack the TM domain have been described and are either proven or presumed to be soluble antagonists (1, 5‑7). The sema domains of Class III secreted semaphorins such as Sema3A bind Npn-1 CUB domains (8). The heparin-binding forms of VEGF (VEGF165, VEGF-B and VEGF-E), PlGF (PlGF2), and the C-terminus of Sema3 bind the F5/8 type C domains (8, 9). Npn-1 and Npn-2 share 48% aa identity within the ECD and can form homo- and hetero-oligomers via interaction of their MAM domains (1). Neuropilins show partially overlapping expression in neuronal and endothelial cells during development (1, 2). Both neuropilins act as co-receptors with plexins, mainly plexin A3 and A4, to bind class III semaphorins that mediate axon repulsion (10). However, only Npn-1 binds Sema3A, and only Npn-2 binds Sema3F (1). Both are co-receptors with VEGF R2 (also called KDR or Flk-1) for VEGF165 binding (1). Sema3A signaling can be blocked by VEGF165, which has higher affinity for Npn-1 (11). Npn-1 is preferentially expressed in developing or remodeling arteries (1, 2). Npn-1 is also expressed on dendritic cells and mediates DC-induced T cell proliferation (12).

References
  1. Bielenberg, D.R. et al. (2006) Exp. Cell Res. 312:584. 
  2. Gu, C. et al. (2003) Dev. Cell 5:45. 
  3. He, Z. and M. Tessier-Lavigne (1997) Cell 90:739.
  4. Soker, S. et al. (1998) Cell 92:735.
  5. Gagnon, M.L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:2573. 
  6. Cackowski, F.C. et al. (2004) Genomics 84:82. 
  7. Rossignol, M. et al. (2000) Genomics 70:211.
  8. Gu, C. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:18069.
  9. Mamluk, R. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:24818.
  10. Yaron, A. et al. (2005) Neuron 45:513.
  11. Narazaki, M. and G. Tosato (2006) Blood 107:3892.
  12. Tordjman, R. et al. (2002) Nat. Immunol. 3:477.
Entrez Gene IDs
8829 (Human); 18186 (Mouse); 246331 (Rat); 100286859 (Porcine)
Alternate Names
BDCA4; BDCA-4; CD304 antigen; CD304; DKFZp686A03134; DKFZp781F1414; neuropilin 1; Neuropilin1; Neuropilin-1; NP1; NRP; NRP1; transmembrane receptor; Vascular endothelial cell growth factor 165 receptor; VEGF165R

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Product Specific Notices


This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.

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