Recombinant Human CCL22/MDC Protein, CF

  (20 citations)     
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Product Details
Citations (20)
FAQs
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  • Purity
    >97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to chemoattract BaF3 mouse pro‑B cells transfected with human CCR4. The ED50 for this effect is 0.5-3 ng/mL.
  • Source
    E. coli-derived human CCL22/MDC protein
    Gly25-Gln93
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
    Analysis
    Gly25
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    8 kDa
Product Datasheets

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Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
336-MD/CF
 
336-MD
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
 
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
 
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 25 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
 
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
 
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL22/MDC

CCL22, also named stimulated T cell chemotactic protein (STCP-1), is a CC chemokine initially isolated from clones of monocyte-derived macrophages. Human CCL22 cDNA encodes a precursor protein of 93 amino acid residues with a 24 amino acid residue predicted signal peptide that is cleaved to yield a 69 amino acid residue mature 8 kDa protein. At the amino acid sequence level, CCL22 shows less than 35% identity to other CC chemokine family members. Human CCL22 is expressed in dendritic cells, macrophages and activated monocytes. In addition, CCL22 expression is also detected in the tissues of thymus, lymph node and appendix. The gene for human CCL22 has been mapped to chromosome 16 rather than chromosome 17 where the genes for many human CC chemokines are clustered. Recombinant or chemically synthesized mature CCL22 has been shown to induce chemotaxis or Ca2+ mobilization in dendritic cells, IL-2 activated NK cells, and activated T lymphocytes. A CD8+ T lymphocyte-derived secreted soluble activity that suppresses infection by primary non-syncytium-inducing and syncytium-inducing HIV-1 isolates and the T-cell line-adapted isolate HIV-1IIIB, has been identified as CCL22. Based on amino-terminal sequence analysis, the major CD8+ T lymphocyte-derived CCL22 protein yielded an amino-terminal sequence of YGANM, which is two amino acid residues shorter than the predicted mature CCL22. The difference in potency between the two mature CCL22 isoforms has not been determined.

  • References:
    1. Godiska, R. et al. (1997) J. Exp. Med. 185:1595.
    2. Chang, M-S. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:25229.
    3. Pal, R. et al. (1997) Science 278:5338.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    6367 (Human); 20299 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    A-152E5.1; ABCD-1; CC chemokine STCP-1; C-C motif chemokine 22; CCL22; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 22; DC/B-CK; Macrophage-derived chemokine; MDC; MDCStimulated T-cell chemotactic protein 1; MGC34554; SCYA22MDC(1-69); small inducible cytokine A22; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys), member 22; Small-inducible cytokine A22; STCP-1; stimulated T cell chemotactic protein 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

20 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Metformin Irrespective of Diabetes Status
    Circ Res, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Preferential recruitment of Th17 cells to cervical cancer via CCR6-CCL20 pathway.
    Authors: Yu, Qing, Lou, Xiang-mi, He, Yan
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(3):e0120855.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Gain-of-function CCR4 mutations in adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma.
    Authors: Nakagawa, Masao, Schmitz, Roland, Xiao, Wenming, Goldman, Carolyn, Xu, Weihong, Yang, Yandan, Yu, Xin, Waldmann, Thomas A, Staudt, Louis M
    J Exp Med, 2014;211(13):2497-505.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Widespread potential for growth-factor-driven resistance to anticancer kinase inhibitors.
    Authors: Wilson TR, Fridlyand J, Yan Y, Penuel E, Burton L, Chan E, Peng J, Lin E, Wang Y, Sosman J, Ribas A, Li J, Moffat J, Sutherlin DP, Koeppen H, Merchant M, Neve R, Settleman J
    Nature, 2012;487(7408):505-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Distinct roles for CCR4 and CXCR3 in the recruitment and positioning of regulatory T cells in the inflamed human liver.
    Authors: Oo YH, Weston CJ, Lalor PF, Curbishley SM, Withers DR, Reynolds GM, Shetty S, Harki J, Shaw JC, Eksteen B, Hubscher SG, Walker LS, Adams DH
    J. Immunol., 2010;184(6):2886-98.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Regulation of D6 chemokine scavenging activity by ligand- and Rab11-dependent surface up-regulation.
    Authors: Bonecchi R, Borroni EM, Anselmo A, Doni A, Savino B, Mirolo M, Fabbri M, Jala VR, Haribabu B, Mantovani A, Locati M
    Blood, 2008;112(3):493-503.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Generation of Th1 and Th2 chemokines by human eosinophils: evidence for a critical role of TNF-alpha.
    Authors: Liu LY, Bates ME, Jarjour NN, Busse WW, Bertics PJ, Kelly EA
    J. Immunol., 2007;179(7):4840-8.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Type: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  8. Specific recruitment of regulatory T cells into the CSF in lymphomatous and carcinomatous meningitis.
    Authors: Haas J, Schopp L, Storch-Hagenlocher B, Fritzsching B, Jacobi C, Milkova L, Fritz B, Schwarz A, Suri-Payer E, Hensel M, Wildemann B
    Blood, 2007;111(2):761-6.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  9. The majority of human peripheral blood CD4+CD25highFoxp3+ regulatory T cells bear functional skin-homing receptors.
    Authors: Hirahara K, Liu L, Clark RA, Yamanaka K, Fuhlbrigge RC, Kupper TS
    J. Immunol., 2006;177(7):4488-94.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  10. Novel antiviral activity of chemokines.
    Authors: Nakayama T, Shirane J, Hieshima K, Shibano M, Watanabe M, Jin Z, Nagakubo D, Saito T, Shimomura Y, Yoshie O
    Virology, 2006;350(2):484-92.
    Species: Virus
    Sample Type: Virus
    Application: Binding Assay
  11. CCL18 is expressed in atopic dermatitis and mediates skin homing of human memory T cells.
    Authors: Gunther C, Bello-Fernandez C, Kopp T, Kund J, Carballido-Perrig N, Hinteregger S, Fassl S, Schwarzler C, Lametschwandtner G, Stingl G, Biedermann T, Carballido JM
    J. Immunol., 2005;174(3):1723-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In Vivo
  12. Specific recruitment of regulatory T cells in ovarian carcinoma fosters immune privilege and predicts reduced survival.
    Authors: Curiel, Tyler J, Coukos, George, Zou, Linhua, Alvarez, Xavier, Cheng, Pui, Mottram, Peter, Evdemon-Hogan, Melina, Conejo-Garcia, Jose R, Zhang, Lin, Burow, Matthew, Zhu, Yun, Wei, Shuang, Kryczek, Ilona, Daniel, Ben, Gordon, Alan, Myers, Leann, Lackner, Andrew, Disis, Mary L, Knutson, Keith L, Chen, Lieping, Zou, Weiping
    Nat Med, 2004;10(9):942-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  13. TARC augments TNF-alpha-induced CTACK production in keratinocytes.
    Authors: Vestergaard C, Johansen C, Christensen U, Just H, Hohwy T, Deleuran M
    Exp. Dermatol., 2004;13(9):551-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Aberration of CCR7 CD8 memory T cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: an inducer of T helper type 2 bias of CD4 T cells.
    Authors: Sen Y, Chunsong H, Baojun H, Linjie Z, Qun L, San J, Qiuping Z, Junyan L, Zhang X, Jinquan T
    Immunology, 2004;112(2):274-89.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Plasmacytoid dendritic cell recruitment by immobilized CXCR3 ligands.
    Authors: Kohrgruber N, Groger M, Meraner P, Kriehuber E, Petzelbauer P, Brandt S, Stingl G, Rot A, Maurer D
    J. Immunol., 2004;173(11):6592-602.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  16. Enhanced monocyte chemoattractant protein-3/CC chemokine ligand-7 in usual interstitial pneumonia.
    Authors: Choi ES, Jakubzick C, Carpenter KJ, Kunkel SL, Evanoff H, Martinez FJ, Flaherty KR, Toews GB, Colby TV, Kazerooni EA, Gross BH, Travis WD, Hogaboam CM
    Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004;170(5):508-15.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  17. Enhanced generation of helper T type 1 and 2 chemokines in allergen-induced asthma.
    Authors: Liu L, Jarjour NN, Busse WW, Kelly EA
    Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004;169(10):1118-24.
    Application: ELISA Standard
  18. CCR4 blockade does not inhibit allergic airways inflammation.
    Authors: Conroy DM, Jopling LA, Lloyd CM, Hodge MR, Andrew DP, Williams TJ, Pease JE, Sabroe I
    J. Leukoc. Biol., 2003;74(4):558-63.
    Species: N/A
    Sample Type: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  19. Expression of functional CCR and CXCR chemokine receptors in podocytes.
    Authors: Huber TB, Reinhardt HC, Exner M, Burger JA, Kerjaschki D, Saleem MA, Pavenstadt H
    J. Immunol., 2002;168(12):6244-52.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  20. Clonal Th2 cells associated with chronic hypereosinophilia: TARC-induced CCR4 down-regulation in vivo.
    Authors: de Lavareille A, Roufosse F, Schandene L, Stordeur P, Cogan E, Goldman M
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2001;31(4):1037-46.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
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