Recombinant Human IL-10 (aa 19-178) Protein

Newer Version Available: 1064-ILB
NEW

Carrier Free

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
1064-IL-010/CF
1064-IL-025/CF
1064-IL-100/CF

With Carrier

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
1064-IL-010
R&D Systems Recombinant Proteins and Enzymes
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Product Details
Citations (4)
FAQs
Reviews (1)

Recombinant Human IL-10 (aa 19-178) Protein Summary

Product Specifications

Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using MC/9‑2 mouse mast cells. Thompson-Snipes, L. et al. (1991) J. Exp. Med. 173:507. The ED50 for this effect is 0.075-0.750 ng/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived human IL-10 protein
Ser19-Asn178, with an N-terminal Met
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Met
Structure / Form
Noncovalently-linked homodimer
Predicted Molecular Mass
18.8 kDa
SDS-PAGE
18.4 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

1064-IL (with carrier)

1064-IL/CF (carrier free)

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

1064-IL

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 10 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

1064-IL/CF

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: IL-10

Interleukin 10, also known as cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), is the charter member of the IL‑10 family of alpha ‑helical cytokines that also includes IL‑19, IL‑20, IL‑22, IL‑24, and IL‑26/AK155 (1, 2). IL‑10 is secreted by many activated hematopoietic cell types as well as hepatic stellate cells, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts (2 ‑ 5). Mature human IL‑10 shares 72% ‑ 86% amino acid sequence identity with bovine, canine, equine, feline, mouse, ovine, porcine, and rat IL‑10. Whereas human IL‑10 is active on mouse cells, mouse IL‑10 does not act on human cells (6, 7). IL‑10 is a 178 amino acid molecule that contains two intrachain disulfide bridges and is expressed as a 36 kDa noncovalently associated homodimer (6, 8, 9). The IL‑10 dimer binds to two IL‑10 R alpha /IL‑10 R1 chains, resulting in recruitment of two IL‑10 R beta /IL‑10 R2 chains and activation of a signaling cascade involving JAK1, TYK2, and STAT3 (10). IL‑10 R beta does not bind IL‑10 by itself but is required for signal transduction (1). IL‑10 R beta also associates with IL‑20 R alpha, IL‑22 R alpha, or IL‑28 R alpha to form the receptor complexes for IL‑22, IL‑26, IL‑28, and IL‑29 (11 ‑ 13). IL‑10 is a critical molecule in the control of viral infections and allergic and autoimmune inflammation (14 ‑ 16). It promotes phagocytic uptake and Th2 responses but suppresses antigen presentation and Th1 proinflammatory responses (2).

References
  1. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:929.
  2. Sabat, R. et al. (2010) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 21:331.
  3. Mathurin, P. et al. (2002) Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 282:G981.
  4. Grewe, M. et al. (1995) J. Invest. Dermatol. 104:3.
  5. Szony, B.J. et al. (1999) Mol. Hum. Reprod. 5:1059.
  6. Vieira, P. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 88:1172.
  7. Hsu, D.-H. et al. (1990) Science 250:830.
  8. Windsor, W.T. et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32:8807.
  9. Syto, R. et al. (1998) Biochemistry 37:16943.
  10. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (1997) EMBO J. 16:5894.
  11. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2725.
  12. Hor, S. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:33343.
  13. Sheppard, P. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:63.
  14. Fitzgerald, D.C. et al. (2007) Nat. Immunol. 8:1372.
  15. Wu, K. et al. (2007) Cell. Mol. Immunol. 4:269.
  16. Blackburn, S.D. and E.J. Wherry (2007)Trends Microbiol. 15:143.
Long Name
Interleukin 10
Entrez Gene IDs
3586 (Human); 16153 (Mouse); 25325 (Rat); 397106 (Porcine); 403628 (Canine); 102133450 (Cynomolgus Monkey); 493683 (Feline); 100135553 (Guinea Pig); 2949786 (Viral)
Alternate Names
CSIF; CSIFMGC126450; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; GVHDS; IL10; IL-10; IL10A; IL-10MGC126451; interleukin 10; interleukin-10; TGIF

Citations for Recombinant Human IL-10 (aa 19-178) Protein

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

4 Citations: Showing 1 - 4
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  1. Mitochondrial arginase-2 is essential for IL-10 metabolic reprogramming of inflammatory macrophages
    Authors: JK Dowling, R Afzal, LJ Gearing, MP Cervantes-, S Annett, GM Davis, C De Santi, N Assmann, K Dettmer, DJ Gough, GR Bantug, FI Hamid, FK Nally, CP Duffy, AL Gorman, AM Liddicoat, EC Lavelle, C Hess, PJ Oefner, DK Finlay, GP Davey, T Robson, AM Curtis, PJ Hertzog, BRG Williams, CE McCoy
    Nature Communications, 2021;12(1):1460.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  2. The vitamin D analogue calcipotriol promotes an anti-tumorigenic phenotype of human pancreatic CAFs but reduces T cell mediated immunity
    Authors: L Gorchs, S Ahmed, C Mayer, A Knauf, C Fernández, M Svensson, R Heuchel, E Rangelova, P Bergman, H Kaipe
    Sci Rep, 2020;10(1):17444.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Reference Standard
  3. Hydrogel based protein biochip for parallel detection of biomarkers for diagnosis of a Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) in human serum
    Authors: A Stumpf, T Brandstett, J Hübner, J Rühe
    PLoS ONE, 2019;14(12):e0225525.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
    Applications: ELISA Standard
  4. Differential signaling of cmvIL-10 through common variants of the IL-10 receptor 1.
    Authors: Gruber SG, Gloria Luciani M, Grundtner P, Zdanov A, Gasche C
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2008;38(12):3365-75.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay

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Recombinant Human IL-10 (aa 19-178) Protein
By Anonymous on 04/23/2021
Application: In vitro bioactivity in cell culture