Human CD155/PVR APC-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB25301A
Human CD155/PVR APC-conjugated Antibody in Data
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Human CD155/PVR APC-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human CD155/PVR in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 300907
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human CD155/PVR
Gly27-Asn343
Accession # AAH15542
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Allophycocyanin (Excitation= 620-650 nm, Emission= 660-670 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
10 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Examples

Flow Cytometry Detection of CD155/PVR in U937 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of CD155/PVR in U937 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. U937 human histiocytic lymphoma cell line was stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD155/PVR APC-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB25301A, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002A, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

Flow Cytometry Detection of CD155/PVR in HUVEC Human Cells by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of CD155/PVR in HUVEC Human Cells by Flow Cytometry. HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD155/PVR APC-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB25301A, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC002A, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: CD155/PVR

CD155 [also known as PVR (poliovirus receptor) and Necl-5 (nectin-like molecule-5)] is a 70 kDa type I transmembrane (TM) glycoprotein that is a member of the nectin-like (Necl) family of nectin-related molecules (1). Like nectins, Necl molecules are Ig superfamily members that contain three Ig-like extracellular domains, a TM segment, and a cytoplasmic tail. Unlike nectins, Necl molecules cannot interact with cytoplasmic afadin (1). While Nectins serve as cell adhesion molecules, the actual functions of most Necls are yet-to-be determined. CD155/PVR was originally isolated based on its ability to mediate polio virus attachment to host cells (2, 3). The full-length (or CD155 alpha isoform) is synthesized as a 417 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal sequence, a 323 aa extracellular region, a 24 aa TM segment and a 50 aa cytoplasmic tail. The extracellular region contains one N-terminal V-type and two C2-type Ig-like domains (2, 3). The V-type domain mediates polio virus binding (4). Three other isoforms exist, all of which retain the Ig-like domains. CD155δ is transmembrane with a shortened cytoplasmic tail of 25 aa. CD155 beta (352 aa) and CD155 gamma (344 aa) are 60‑65 kDa soluble forms that show removal of the TM segment and surrounding amino acids (2, 5). The soluble forms will bind the polio virus (due to the presence of the V-type Ig domain) but afford no protection against polio infection because of low circulating levels (5). CD155 has been demonstrated to bind vitronectin, nectin-3, and DNAM-1 (6‑8). DNAM-1 binding promotes monocyte migration and NK cell killing. CD155 is expressed in all normal tissues and is highly expressed in tumor cells of epithelial and neuronal origin.

References
  1. Takai, Y. et al. (2003) Cancer Sci. 94:655.
  2. Mendelsohn, C.L. et al. (1989) Cell 56:855.
  3. Koike, H. et al. (1990) EMBO J. 9:3217.
  4. Koike, S. et al. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88:4104.
  5. Baury, B. et al. (2003) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 309:175.
  6. Mueller, S. and E. Wimmer (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:31251.
  7. Reymond, N. et al. (2004) J. Exp. Med. 199:1331.
  8. Lange, R. et al. (2001) Virology 285:218.
Long Name
Poliovirus Receptor
Entrez Gene IDs
5817 (Human); 52118 (Mouse); 25066 (Rat); 102136444 (Cynomolgus Monkey); 712851 (Rhesus Macaque)
Alternate Names
CD155 antigen; CD155; HVED; NECL5; Necl-5; nectin-like 5; Nectin-like protein 5; poliovirus receptor; PVR; PVS; PVSFLJ25946; Tage4

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