Human Angiopoietin‑2 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF623
Product Details
Citations (2)
FAQs
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Human Angiopoietin‑2 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Angiopoietin-2 in Western blots. In this format, less than 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) Angiopoietin-1, rhAngiopoietin-4, and recombinant mouse Angiopoietin-3 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Angiopoietin-2
Asp68-Phe496
Accession # O15123
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human Angiopoietin‑2 (Catalog # 623-AN)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Angiopoietin-2

Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2; also ANGPT2) is a secreted glycoprotein that plays a complex role in angiogenesis and inflammation (1, 2). Mature Ang-2 is 478 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains one coiled-coil domain (aa 166 - 248) that mediates multimerization, and a C-terminal fibrinogen-like domain (aa 275 - 495) that mediates receptor binding. Under reducing conditions, secreted monomeric Ang-2 is 65 - 66 kDa in size. Under nonreducing conditions, both natural and recombinant Ang-2 form 140 kDa dimers, 200 kDa trimers, and 250 - 300 kDa tetramers and pentamers (3 - 6). Alternate splicing generates a short isoform that lacks 52 amino acids (aa) preceding the coiled-coil domain (4). Mature human Ang-2 shares 86% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Ang-2. Ang-2 is widely expressed during development, but it is restricted postnatally to highly angiogenic tissues such as the placenta, ovaries, and uterus (3). It is particularly abundant in vascular endothelial cells (EC) where it is stored in intracellular Weibel-Palade bodies (1, 3, 7). Both Ang-2 and the related Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) are ligands for the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie-2 (2). While Ang-1 is a potent Tie-2 agonist, Ang-2 may act as either a Tie-2 antagonist or agonist, depending upon its state of multimerization. The higher the order of oligomer, the more effective Ang-2 becomes as a Tie-2 agonist (3, 8 - 11). The short isoform appears to block the binding of either Ang-1 or full-length Ang-2 to Tie-2 (4). Ang-2 functions as a pro-angiogenic factor, although it can also induce EC death and vessel regression (12, 13). Upon its release from quiescent EC, it regulates vascular remodeling by promoting EC survival, proliferation, and migration and destabilizing the interaction between EC and perivascular cells (8, 13, 14). Ang-2 is required for postnatal vascular remodeling, and it cooperates with Ang-1 during lymphatic vessel development (7, 15). It mediates the upregulation of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on EC, which facilitates the adhesion of leukocytes during inflammation (16). Ang-2 is upregulated in both the endothelium and tumor cells of several cancers as well as in ischemic tissue (17 - 20). Its direct interaction with Integrins promotes tumor cell invasion (21, 22).

References
  1. Augustin, H.G. et al. (2009) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 10:165.
  2. Murdoch, C. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:7405.
  3. Maisonpierre, P.C. et al. (1997) Science 27:55.
  4. Kim, I. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:18550.
  5. Procopio, W.N. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:30196.
  6. Kim, K-T. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:20126.
  7. Gale, N.W. et al. (2002) Dev. Cell 3:411.
  8. Yuan, H.T. et al. (2009) Mol. Cell. Biol. 29:2011.
  9. Falcon, B.L. et al. (2009) Am. J. Pathol. 175:2159.
  10. Kim, H-Z. et al. (2009) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1793:772.
  11. Kim, I. et al. (2001) Cardiovasc. Res. 49:872.
  12. Lobov, I.B. et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 99:11205.
  13. Cao, Y. et al. (2007) Cancer Res. 67:3835.
  14. Nasarre, P. et al. (2009) Cancer Res. 69:1324.
  15. Dellinger, M. et al. (2008) Dev. Biol. 319:309.
  16. Fiedler, U. et al. (2006) Nat. Med. 12:235.
  17. Koga, K. et al. (2001) Cancer Res. 61:6248.
  18. Etoh, T. et al. (2001) Cancer Res. 61:2145.
  19. Tressel, S.L. et al. (2008) Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 28:1989.
  20. Liu, X.S. et al. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284:22680.
  21. Hu, B. et al. (2006) Cancer Res. 66:775.
  22. Imanishi, Y. et al. (2007) Cancer Res. 67:4254.
Entrez Gene IDs
285 (Human); 11601 (Mouse); 89805 (Rat); 396730 (Porcine)
Alternate Names
AGPT2; ANG2; ANG-2; angiopoietin 2; Angiopoietin-2; angiopoietin-2a; angiopoietin-2B; angiopoitin 2; ANGPT2; Tie2-ligand

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human Angiopoietin‑2 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Sensitive and multiplexed detection of proteomic antigens via quantum dot aggregation.
    Authors: Soman C, Giorgio T,
    Nanomedicine, 2009;5(4):402-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Quantum Dot
  2. Quantum dot self-assembly for protein detection with sub-picomolar sensitivity.
    Authors: Soman CP, Giorgio TD,
    Langmuir, 2008;24(8):4399-404.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Recombinant Protein
    Applications: Quantum Dot

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