Human B7-H4 Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB6576R-025
FAB6576R-100
Detection  of B7‑H4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human B7-H4  and eGFP by Flow Cytometry.
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Human B7-H4 Alexa Fluor® 647-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Stains human B7-H4 transfectants but not irrelevant transfectants in flow cytometry.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 935317
Purification
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
Immunogen
NS0 mouse myeloma cell line transfected with human B7-H4
Phe29-Ser258
Accession # Q7Z7D3
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 647

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection  of B7‑H4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human B7-H4  and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of B7‑H4 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Human B7-H4 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with human B7-H4 and eGFP were stained with either (A) Mouse Anti-Human B7‑H4 Alexa Fluor® 647‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody
(Catalog # FAB6576R) or (B) Mouse IgG2B Alexa Fluor 647 Isotype Control (Catalog # IC0041R). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: B7-H4

B7-H4, also known as VTCN1, B7x and B7S1, is a 50‑80 kDa glycosylated member of the BTN/MOG family of immunomodulatory protein (1, 2). Mature human B7-H4 consists of a 235 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two Ig-like V-type domains, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 2 aa cytoplasmic tail (3-5). Within the ECD, human B7-H4 shares 90% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-H4. It shares 22%-28% aa sequence identity with human B7-1, B7-2, B7-H1, B7-H2, B7-H3, and PD‑L2. Alternate splicing of human B7-H4 generates an additional isoform that lacks the first Ig-like domain. B7-H4 is expressed on the surface of activated lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
(4-8). Following binding to activated T cells, B7-H4 serves as a co‑inhibitor of the T cell response. This is accomplished by reverse signaling that can induce either cell cycle arrest, or apoptosis in B7-H4 expressing cells (2-5, 9, 10). B7‑H4 is up‑regulated in several carcinomas in correlation with tumor progression and metastasis (2, 7, 11, 12). A soluble form of B7-H4 is elevated in the serum of ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, and is correlated with advanced disease status (13-15). Soluble B7‑H4 functions as a decoy molecule that blocks the inhibitory influence of B7‑H4 on immune activation (15). Despite evidence for the involvement of B7-H4 in immune regulation, mice deficient in its expression do not show significant immune deficiencies, suggesting compensation by other molecules in vivo (16).

References
  1. Yi, K.H. and L. Chen (2009) Immunol. Rev. 229:145.
  2. Guo, Y. and A.Y. Wang (2015) Front. Immunol. 6:421.
  3. Zang, X. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:10388.
  4. Prasad, V.R. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:863.
  5. Sica, G.L. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:849.
  6. Kryczek, I. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:871.
  7. Tringler, B. et al. (2005) Clin. Cancer Res. 11:1842.
  8. Xue, Q. et al. (2010) Stem Cells Dev. 19:27.
  9. Song, H. et al. (2008) Cancer Lett. 266:227.
  10. Park, G.B. et al. (2009) Immunology 128:360.
  11. Zang, X. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104:19458.
  12. Krambeck, A.E. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103:10391.
  13. Simon, I. et al. (2006) Cancer Res. 66:1570.
  14. Thompson, R.H. et al. (2008) Cancer Res. 68:6054.
  15. Azuma, T. et al. (2009) PloS Med. 6:e1000166.
  16. Suh, W.-K. et al. (2006) Mol. Cell. Biol. 26:6403.
Long Name
B7 Homolog 4
Entrez Gene IDs
79679 (Human); 242122 (Mouse); 295322 (Rat)
Alternate Names
B7h.5; B7H4; B7-H4; B7H4T-cell costimulatory molecule B7x; B7S1; B7S1VCTN1; B7x; B7XPRO1291; FLJ22418; Immune costimulatory protein B7-H4; Protein B7S1; T cell costimulatory molecule B7x; V-set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1; V-set domain-containing T-cell activation inhibitor 1; Vtcn1

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