Human CD40/TNFRSF5 Alexa Fluor® 405-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # P25942
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
CD40 is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the TNF receptor superfamily. The mature hCD40 consists of a 172 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain, a 22 aa transmembrane region and a 62 aa cytoplasmic domain (1). Human and mouse CD40 share 62% aa identity. CD40 is expressed in B cells, follicular dendritic cells, dendritic cells, activated monocytes, macrophages, endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and several tumor cell lines (2). The extracellular domain has the cysteine-rich repeat regions, which are characteristic for many of the receptors of the TNF superfamily. Interaction of CD40 with its ligand, CD40L, leads to aggregation of CD40 molecules, which in turn interact with cytoplasmic components to initiate signaling pathways. Early studies on the CD40-CD40L system revealed its role in humoral immunity. Interaction between CD40L on T cells and CD40 on B cells stimulated B cell proliferation and provided the signal for immunoglobulin isotype switching (3). Mutations in the CD40L gene, which resulted in a CD40L molecule unable to interact with CD40, are responsible for the hyper-IgM syndrome (4). Cross-linking of CD40 with antibodies or by CD40 binding to CD40L produces cell type-specific responses which include costimulation and induction of proliferation, induction of cytokine production, rescue from apoptosis, and upregulation of adhesion molecules (5). Some of the early events of intracellular signaling by the
CD40‑CD40L system include the association of the CD40 with TRAFs and the activation of various kinases (6‑8).
- Torres, R.M. and E.A. Clark (1992) J. Immunol. 148:620.
- Schonbeck, U. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:19569.
- Armitage, R.J. et al. (1993) J. Immunol. 150:3671.
- Callard, R.E. et al. (1993) Immunol. Today 14:559.
- Stout, R.D. and J. Suttles (1996) Immunol. Today 17:487.
- Pullen, S.S. et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38:10168.
- Faris, M. et al. (1994) J. Exp. Med. 179:1923.
- Hanissian, S.H. and R.S Geha (1997) Immunity 6:379.
Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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