Cytokeratin 18 in HeLa Human Cell Line.
Cytokeratin 18 was detected in formaldehyde fixed HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line using Mouse Anti-Human Cytokeratin 18 Alexa Fluor® 488‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC7619G) at 1:10 dilution overnight at 4 °C and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to intermediate filaments. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: Cytokeratin 18
Cytokeratin 18; also known as KRT-18 (Keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18), Cell proliferation-inducing gene 46 and Keratin-18) is a 44-48 kDa Class I (large keratins of acidic pH) member of the intermediate filament family of proteins. Individual keratins are always expressed in tandem with a second keratin, and these are found in all epithelial cells. The class I Cytokeratin 18 heterodimerizes/polymerizes with 50-52 kDa class II KRT-8 to form 8-10 nm filaments in single strata plus hepatic epithelia. Cytokeratin 18 and -8 are the first keratins to appear in the mammalian embyro. In the adult, Cytokeratin 18 appears to participate in subtractions and additions to the plasma membrane. In this regard, a number of intracellular proteins interact with Cytokeratin 18, including 14-3-3, HSPc70 and Mrj. Cytokeratin 18 may also be O‑glycosylated, and when so, serves to promote Akt-1 activity, thus protecting against apoptosis. Human Cytokeratin 18 is 430 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains an N-terminal "head" region (aa 1-79), a subsequent "rod" region (aa 80-387) with two coiled segments, and a C-terminal tail region. Cytokeratin 18 possesses at least 19 utilized phosphorylation sites plus five acetylated Lys residues. There are multiple isoforms that range from 20-40 kDa in size and are the result of caspase cleavage. A principal cleavage site occurs after Asp238. Over aa 239-397, human Cytokeratin 18 shares 86% aa sequence identity with mouse Cytokeratin 18.
Entrez Gene IDs:
3875 (Human); 16668 (Mouse)
Cell proliferation-inducing gene 46 protein; cell proliferation-inducing protein 46; CK-18; CYK18; Cytokeratin 18; cytokeratin-18; K18; Keratin 18; keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18; keratin-18; KRT18
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