Human DLL1 Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody

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FAB1818T-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human DLL1 Alexa Fluor® 594-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects recombinant human DLL1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse DLL4 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2b Clone # 251127
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human DLL1
Ser22-Gly540
Accession # AAG09716
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 594 (Excitation= 590 nm, Emission= 617 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
T98G human glioblastoma cell line

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: DLL1

Delta-like protein 1 (DLL1) is a 90-100 kDa type I transmembrane protein that belongs to the Delta/Serrate/Lag-2 (DSL) family of Notch ligands. Mature human DLL1 consists of a 528 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with one DSL domain and eight EGF-like repeats, a 23 aa transmembrane segment, and a 155 aa cytoplasmic domain (1). Within the ECD, human DLL1 shares 91% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat DLL1. It shares 26%, 37%, and 54% aa sequence identity with DLL2, 3, and 4, respectively. A 60 kDa ECD fragment released by ADAM9, 12, or 17 mediated proteolysis, promotes the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (2, 3). The residual membrane-bound portion of DLL1 can be cleaved by presenilin-dependent gamma -secretase, enabling the cytoplasmic domain to migrate to the nucleus (4). DLL1 localizes to adherens junctions on neuronal processes through its association with the scaffolding protein MAGI1 (5). DLL1 is widely expressed, and it plays an important role in embryonic somite formation, cochlear hair cell differentiation, plus B and T lymphocyte differentiation (6-11). The upregulation of DLL1 in arterial endothelial cells following injury or angiogenic stimulation is central to postnatal arteriogenesis (12). DLL1 is also overexpressed in cervical carcinoma and glioma and contributes to tumor progression (1, 13).

References
  1. Gray, G.E. et al. (1999) Am. J. Pathol. 154:785. 
  2. Dyczynska, E. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:436. 
  3. Karanu, F.N. et al. (2001) Blood 97:1960. 
  4. Ikeuchi, T. and S.S. Sisodia (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:7751. 
  5. Mizuhara, E. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:26499. 
  6. Takahashi, Y. et al. (2003) Development 130:4259. 
  7. Teppner, I. et al. (2007) BMC Dev. Biol. 7:68.
  8. Kiernan, A.E. et al. (2005) Development 132:4353.
  9. Schmitt, T.M. and J.C. Zuniga-Pflucker (2002) Immunity 17:749.
  10. Hozumi, K. et al. (2004) Nat. Immunol. 5:638.
  11. Santos, M.A. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104:15454.
  12. Limbourg, A. et al. (2007) Circ. Res. 100:363.
  13. Purow, B.W. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:2353.
Long Name
Delta-like 1
Entrez Gene IDs
28514 (Human); 13388 (Mouse); 84010 (Rat)
Alternate Names
delta (Drosophila)-like 1; Delta 1; Delta; Delta1; delta-like 1 (Drosophila); delta-like protein 1; DL1; DLL1; Drosophila Delta homolog 1; H-Delta-1

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