Human EDAR Biotinylated Antibody
Human EDAR Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9UNE0
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
EDAR is a type I transmembrane protein which is a member of the TNF Receptor Superfamily (TNFRSF). The extracellular domain contains 14 cysteine residues, six of which approximate the TNFRSF cysteine-rich region; the cytoplasmic domain contains a region with homology to the death domains found in other TNFRSF members. Human EDAR is a 488 amino acid (aa) protein with a predicted 26 aa signal, a 163 aa extracellular domain, a 22 aa transmembrane domain, and a 277 aa cytoplasmic domain. The human and mouse EDAR homologs share 91% identity. Within the TNFRSF, EDAR shares the highest homologies with XEDAR and TNFRSF19/TROY. EDA-A1 is the EDAR ligand. EDA and EDAR have been associated with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). HED is characterized by abnormalities in hair, teeth and eccrine sweat gland morphogenesis. HED was initially found to associate with two gene loci, tabby and downless. Tabby was later identified as the gene for EDA and downless as the autosomal EDAR gene. EDA has two splice variants, EDA-A1 and EDA-A2, which differ by only two amino acids. Despite this minor difference, the EDA isoforms display strong receptor specificity. EDA-A1 only binds EDAR, whereas EDA-A2 binds to XEDAR, an X-linked TNFRSF member with high homology to EDAR. Mutations in EDA, EDAR and XEDAR have been associated with HED.
- Headon, D.J. and P.A. Overbeek (1999) Nat.Genet. 22:370.
- Kumar, A. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 276:2668.
- Monreal, A.W. et al. (1999) Nat. Genet. 22:366.
- Schneider, P. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:18819.
- Srivastava, A.K. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:13069.
- Yan, M. et al. (2000) Science 290:523.
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