Human Galectin-3 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
IC1154G
Detection  of Galectin‑3 in PBMC monocytes by Flow Cytometry.
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Human Galectin-3 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Galectin-3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse Galectin-3 is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Galectin-1, -2, -4, -7, and -8 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human Galectin‑3
Ala2-Ile250
Accession # P17931.5
Formulation
Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 488

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
5 µL/106 cells
See below

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry Detection  of Galectin‑3 in PBMC monocytes by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of Galectin‑3 in PBMC monocytes by Flow Cytometry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) monocytes were stained with Goat Anti-Human Galectin‑3 Alexa Fluor® 488‑conjugated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC1154G, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC108G, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: Galectin-3

The galectins constitute a large family of carbohydrate-binding proteins with specificity for N-acetyl-lactosamine-containing glycoproteins. At least 14 mammalian galectins, which share structural similarities in their carbohydrate recognition domains (CRD), have been identified. The galectins have been classified into the prototype galectins (-1, -2, -5, -7, -10, -11, -13, -14), which contain one CRD and exist either as a monomer or a noncovalent homodimer; the chimera galectins (Galectin-3) containing one CRD linked to a nonlectin domain; and the tandem-repeat galectins (-4, -6, -8, -9, -12) consisting of two CRDs joined by a linker peptide. Galectins lack a classical signal peptide and can be localized to the cytosolic compartments where they have intracellular functions. However, via one or more as yet unidentified non-classical secretory pathways, galectins can also be secreted to function extracellularly. Individual members of the galectin family have different tissue distribution profiles and exhibit subtle differences in their carbohydrate-binding specificities. Each family member may preferentially bind to a unique subset of cell-surface glycoproteins.

Galectin-3, also known as Mac-2, L29, CBP35, and epsilon BP, is a chimera galectin that has a tendency to dimerize. Besides the soluble protein, alternatively spliced forms of chicken Galectin-3 containing a transmembrane-spanning domain and a leucine zipper motif have been reported. Galectin-3 is expressed in tumor cells, macrophages, activated T cells, osteoclasts, epithelial cells, and fibroblasts. It binds various matrix glycoproteins including laminin, fibronectin, LAMPS, 90K/Mac-2BP, MP20, and CEA. Galectin-3 promotes cell growth and proliferation for many cell types. Galectin-3 acts intracellularly to prevent apoptosis. Depending on the cell types, Galectin-3 exhibits pro- or anti-adhesive properties. Galectin-3 has pro-inflammatory activities in vitro and in vivo. It induces pro-inflammatory and inhibits Th2 type cytokine production. Galectin-3 chemoattracts monocytes and macrophages. It activates and degranulates basophils and mast cells. Elevated circulating levels of Galectin-3 has been show to correlate with the malignant potential of several types of cancer, suggesting that Galectin-3 is also involved in tumor growth and metastasis. Human and mouse Galectin-3 shares approximately 80% amino acid sequence identity.

Entrez Gene IDs
3958 (Human); 16854 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
AGE-R3; Carbohydrate-binding protein 35; CBP 35,35 kDa lectin; CBP35; GAL3; Gal-3; galactin-3; Galactose-specific lectin 3; Galactoside-binding protein; GALBPCBP35; Galectin3; Galectin-3; GALIG; IgE-binding protein; L29; L31; L-31; Laminin-binding protein; Lectin L-29; lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble, 3; LGALS2; LGALS3; Mac-2 antigen; Mac-2; MAC2GAL3

Product Datasheets

Citation for Human Galectin-3 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Notochordal and nucleus pulposus marker expression is maintained by sub-populations of adult human nucleus pulposus cells through aging and degeneration
    Authors: SM Richardson, FE Ludwinski, KK Gnanalingh, RA Atkinson, AJ Freemont, JA Hoyland
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(1):1501.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
    Applications: Flow

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