Human GITR/TNFRSF18 Alexa Fluor® 750-conjugated Antibody

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FAB689S-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human GITR/TNFRSF18 Alexa Fluor® 750-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human GITR in direct ELISAs and Western blots. Does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) 4‑1BB, recombinant mouse
(rm) 4‑1BB, rhCD27, rmCD27, rhCD30, rmCD30, rhCD40, rmCD40, rhDR3, rhDR6, rhEDAR, rmEDAR, rhFas, rmFAS, rmGITR, rhHVEM, rhLymphotoxin R beta, rmLymphotoxin R beta, rhNGF R, rhOPG, rmOPG, rhRANK, rmRANK, rhTAJ, rhTNF RI, rmTNF RI, rhTNF RII, or rmTNF RII.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 110416
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human GITR/TNFRSF18
Gln26-Glu161 (Thr43Ala)
Accession # Q9Y5U5
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 750 (Excitation= 749 nm, Emission= 775 nm)

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Human peripheral blood CD4+ T cells treated with PHA

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: GITR/TNFRSF18

GITR (glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor, also named AITR, activation-inducible TNF R family member), is a 228 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane protein belonging to the TNF R family and has been designated TNFRSF18. The GITR cytoplasmic domain has striking homology with the cytoplasmic domain of 4-1BB and CD27. Human GITR shares 55% homology with murine GITR. GITR is expressed at low levels in peripheral blood T cells, bone marrow, thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes. In contrast to mouse GITR, expression of human GITR is not induced by treatment with dexamethasone, but is
up-regulated by antigen stimulation or by treatment with anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28, or PMA plus ionomycin. Human GITR ligand was identified from human umbilical vein endothelial cells and is a 177 aa polypeptide belonging to the TNF superfamily (TNFSF18). Ligation of GITR can activate NF-kappa B through TRAF2, and protect T cells from TCR activation-induced cell death. It has been proposed that GITR ligand and GITR may modulate T lymphocyte functions.

References
  1. Nocentini, G. et al. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:6216.
  2. Kwon, B. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274:6056.
  3. Gurney, A.L. et al. (1999) Current Biology 9:215.
  4. Kwon, B. et al. (1999) Current Opinion in Immunology 11:340.
Long Name
Glucocorticoid Induced TNF Receptor Family Related Gene
Entrez Gene IDs
8784 (Human); 21936 (Mouse); 500598 (Rat); 102146362 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
Activation-inducible TNFR family receptor; AITR; AITRTNF receptor superfamily activation-inducible protein; CD357 antigen; CD357; GITR; GITR-D; GITRtumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 18; Glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein; TNFRSF18; tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 18

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