Human Glypican 3 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2119U-100UG
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Human Glypican 3 Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Glypican 3 in ELISAs and Western blots. Does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) Glypican-2, rhGlypican-5, or rhGlypican-6.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2a Clone # 307801
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Glypican 3
Gln25-Val558
Accession # P51654.1
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 350

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: Glypican 3

Glypicans (GPC) are a family of heparan sulfate proteoglycans that are attached to the cell surface by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Six members of this family have been identified in mammals (GPC1-GPC6). All glypican core proteins contain an N-terminal signal peptide, a large globular cysteine-rich domain (CRD) with 14 invariant cysteine residues, a stalk-like region containing the heparan sulfate attachment sites, and a C-terminal GPI attachment site. While glypican proteins do not share strong amino acid sequence identity (they range from 17-63%), the conserved cysteine residues in their CRDs suggests similarity in their three‑dimensional structure (1, 2).

Mutations in GPC3 cause a rare disorder in humans, Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome, which is characterized by pre and postnatal overgrowth of multiple tissues and organs and an increased risk for developing embryonic tumors (3). These features are also present in the mouse knock-out of GPC3 indicating that GPC3 regulates cell survival and inhibits cell proliferation during development (4). Glypican 3 has been implicated in regulating many different signaling pathways including: IGF, FGF, BMP, and Wnt. An endoproteolytic processing of GPC3 by proprotein convertases is required for the modulation of Wnt signaling (5). Direct interaction with FGF-basic has been observed and is mediated by the heparan sulfate chains (6).

References
  1. Filmus, J. and S.B. Selleck (2001) J. Clinical Invest. 108:497. 
  2. De Cat, B and G. David (2001) Seminars in Cell & Dev. Biol. 12:117. 
  3. Pilia, G. et al. (1996) Nat. Genet. 12: 241. 
  4. Cano-Gauci, D.F. et al. (1999) J. Cell Biol. 146: 255.
  5. De Cat, B. et al. (2003) J. Cell Biol. 163:625.
  6. Song, H.H. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:7574.
Entrez Gene IDs
2719 (Human); 14734 (Mouse); 25236 (Rat); 102137748 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
DGSX; Glypican 3; glypican proteoglycan 3; glypican-3; GPC3; GTR2-2; heparan sulphate proteoglycan; Intestinal protein OCI-5; MXR7; OCI5; OCI-5; secreted glypican-3; SGB; SGBS; SGBS1SDYS

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