Human Granzyme B Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody

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IC2906U-100UG
R&D Systems Antibodies
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Human Granzyme B Alexa Fluor® 350-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Granzyme B in direct ELISAs and Western blots. Does not cross-react with recombinant human (rh) Granzyme A, rhGranzyme H, recombinant mouse (rm) Granzyme B, rmGranzyme C, rmGranzyme D, or rmGranzyme G.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG2a Clone # 351927
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Granzyme B
Gly19-Tyr247
Accession # P10144
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 350

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
NK‑92 human natural killer lymphoma cell line fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: Granzyme B

Granzyme B is a member of the granzyme family of the serine proteases found specifically in the cytotoxic granules of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells (1, 2). Granzyme B plays an essential role in granule-mediated apoptosis and may have additional roles in rheumatoid arthritis and in bacterial and viral infections (3). It activates various caspases and cleaves proteins such as aggrecan (3). Human Granzyme B is synthesized as a precursor (247 residues) with a signal peptide (residues 1-18), a pro peptide (residues 19-20), and a mature chain (residues 21-247) (4-6). The recombinant human (rh) Granzyme B consisting of residues 19-247 was expressed and purified. After being activated by active cathepsin C, rhGranzyme B cleaves a thioester substrate described previously (3).

References
  1. Kam, C-M. et al. (2000) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1477:307.
  2. Smyth, M.J. et al. (1996) J. Leukoc. Biol. 60:555.
  3. Froelich, C.J. (2004) in Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes, Barrett, A.J. et al. eds. pp. 1549.
  4. Schmid, J. and C. Weissman (1987) J. Immunol. 139:250.
  5. Caputo, A. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:6363.
  6. Trapani, J.A. et al. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:6924.
Entrez Gene IDs
3002 (Human); 14939 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
C11; CCPI; CGL1; CGL-1; CSPB; CSP-B; CTLA1; CTLA-1; CTSGL1; Fragmentin-2; Granzyme B; Granzyme-2; GRB; GrzB; GZMB; HLP; SECT

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