Human IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Membrane Form Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
FAB2001G-100UG
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Human IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Membrane Form Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1 in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IL-1 alpha, recombinant rat IL-1 alpha, recombinant cotton rat IL-1 alpha, recombinant human (rh) IL-1 beta or rhIL-18 is observed.
Source
Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 3405
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human IL‑1 alpha /IL‑1F1
Ser113-Ala271
Accession # P01583
Formulation
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Label
Alexa Fluor 488

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated with LPS

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Shipping
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1

Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a name that designates two proteins, IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta, which are the products of distinct genes, but which show approximately 25% amino acid sequence identity and which recognize the same cell surface receptors. Although IL-1 production is generally considered to be a consequence of inflammation, recent evidence suggests that IL-1 is also temporarily upregulated during bone formation and the menstrual cycle and can be induced in response to nervous system stimulation. In response to classic stimuli produced by inflammatory agents, infections or microbial endotoxins, a dramatic increase in the production of IL-1 by macrophages and various other cells is seen. Cells in particular known to produce IL-1 include osteoblasts, monocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, thymic and salivary gland epithelium, Schwann cells, fibroblasts and glia (oligodendroglia, astrocytes and microglia). IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both synthesized as 31 kDa precursors that are subsequently cleaved into proteins with molecular weights of approximately 17,000 Da. Neither precursor contains a typical hydrophobic signal peptide sequence and most of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha remains in the cytosol of cells, although there is evidence for a membrane-bound form of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha. The IL-1 alpha precursor reportedly shows full biological activity in the EL-4 assay. Among various species, the amino acid sequence of mature IL-1 alpha is conserved 60% to 70% and human IL-1 has been found to be biologically active on murine cell lines. Both forms of IL-1 bind to the same receptors, designated type I and type II. Evidence suggests that only the type I receptor is capable of signal transduction and that the type II receptor may function as a decoy, binding IL-1 and thus preventing binding of IL-1 to the type I receptor.

Long Name
Interleukin 1 alpha
Entrez Gene IDs
3552 (Human); 16175 (Mouse); 24493 (Rat); 397094 (Porcine)
Alternate Names
Hematopoietin-1; IL1 alpha; IL-1 alpha; IL1; IL1A; IL-1A; IL1-ALPHA; IL1F1; IL-1F1; IL1F1hematopoietin-1; interleukin 1, alpha; interleukin-1 alpha; preinterleukin 1 alpha; pro-interleukin-1-alpha

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